Globalization's Theories and Effects in The Modern World

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 1994 |

Pages: 4|

10 min read

Published: May 17, 2022

Words: 1994|Pages: 4|10 min read

Published: May 17, 2022

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Theories of globalization
  3. Analysis
  4. The link between overall jobs loss and globalization
    Wage inequality related to technology/ government policies or globalization
  5. The positive and negative aspects of multinational corporations
  6. Conclusion


The idea of globalization is currently a well-known but very controversial issue and has been a standout among the most generally discussed issues since communism collapsed. Now, Globalization is the process of growing, developing, and expanding businesses, services, or technologies all through the world. It is the expansion of various businesses to the global markets throughout the world. It requires huge international investment to develop large multinational corporations for worldwide economic integration. In the last few decades, globalization has taken the form of technological advancement which resulted in easier travel, communication, and other business on an international level for the people. An example of globalization in contemporary world can be eBay or Amazon. We can order anything we wish from every part of the world. I see globalization as connecting people without any limitations or boundaries in the way of doing business.

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Globalization is a historical process that started with the primary development of individuals out of Africa into different pieces of the world. Migrating short or long separations, dealers and others have conveyed their thoughts, traditions, and items to new terrains, and later corporations have been buying from and selling to each other in lands at great distances, such as through the famed Silk Road across Central Asia that connected China and Europe during the Middle Ages. The first phase of globalization started in the sixteenth century with the passing of pre-present day localism, enhancements in sea innovation prompting the extraordinary time of oceanic investigation, disclosure, and mercantilism. The second stage from the late eighteenth century was set apart by the spread of the Mechanical Transformation and immense upgrades in human innovation, lifeless footing, profitability, and request, which prompted large-scale manufacturing and movement of stock products and individuals, cross-border mix through mass long-remove exchange. Amid the third stage, the stock exchange continued its triumphant walk as the motor of hyper development in East Asia from the 1970s. Globalization apparently entered a frantic fourth stage from the finish of the twentieth century, in which created and creating nations are winding up progressively breaking even with accomplices in the stream of cross border exchange and venture, according to capita salary between the developing world and the creating scene quickly meet, galvanized by the awakening of the ancient sleeping giants, China and India. So the features of globalization in contemporary world is analyzed in this essay.

Theories of globalization

Liberalism sees the procedure of globalization as the market-led expansion of modernization. At the most basic dimension, it is an aftereffect of 'characteristic' human wants for monetary welfare and political freedom. Thusly, Tran’s planetary availability is derived from human drives to amplify material prosperity and to practice essential opportunities. These powers in the long run interlink mankind over the planet.

Marxism is essentially worried about methods of production, social exploi­tation through unfair conveyance, and social liberation through the amazing quality of the private enterprise. Marx himself anticipated the development of globalism that ‘capital by its nature drives beyond every spatial barrier to conquer the whole earth for its market’. In like manner, to Marxists, globalization happens in light of the fact that trans-world availability upgrades opportu­nities of benefits making and surplus aggregation.


The link between overall jobs loss and globalization

The world is beset by widespread poverty and persistent inequality. Some developing countries have managed to advance in the face of these obstacles, but many others have not, and still, others have slipped back. The impact of globalization on employment is a central issue of contemporary political economy. From the point of view in developed countries, globalization is often seen as a threat, and increased employment in developing countries is seen as a major contribution for reducing poverty. Especially in developing countries, the importance of the relationship between globalization and employment is increasing. This relationship is surprisingly difficult for many reasons because globalization is a multifaceted phenomenon and each facet may have different effects on employment varying by country, time, industry, policies, and the link. In this context, there are several of ways in which globalization affects jobs loss and labor. The most important ones are through increased trade, foreign direct investment (FDI), and international technology transfer. Employment creation is regarded by governments as an important potential contribution that FDI can make to their economies. By means of FDI technology transfer will increase, rise in efficiency and competitiveness of the industrial sector will be insured, cost of quality, manufacturing will decrease whereas all these factors will increase export performance and they will affect employment positively. Recently accelerating technological developments, intensifying international trade, reduction in low-level manufacturing jobs, and competition is the main factors of overall job loss.

The great recession began in the United States in 2008. By the end of the year, twelve of the United States' thirteen most important financial institutions did extensive business overseas and were on the brink of failure. Within five years, the crisis had fully contaminated the global economy with nearly all of Europe’s major financial firms requiring bailouts. The way that the great depression was at its root, the banking crisis was especially hazardous for the worldwide economy because of how international operations of huge banks produce the two advantages and disadvantages. They give imperative channels through which capital spreads all through the world enabling the worldwide economy to murmur productively.

Through this period, the activities of different institutions (hedge funds, commercial banks, investment banks, brokerages, pension funds, insurance companies, and others) continuously turned out to be more entwined. Banks would advance to each other, connecting specifically, or foundations would put resources into a typical resource, connecting in a roundabout way. This association was intrinsically dangerous, in light of the fact that an issue in one organization rapidly spread to its connected establishments. In the meantime, practical refinements between various kinds of organizations additionally wound up obscured.

All things considered, around twenty huge complex budgetary foundations with huge tasks—think JP Morgan Pursue or Deutsche Bank dominate worldwide funds. Truth be told, an examination by the international monetary fund (IMF) found that only eighteen establishments were in charge of over a portion of the misfortunes detailed by banks and insurance agencies around the globe amid the financial emergency.

Wage inequality related to technology/ government policies or globalization

In many countries, social disaffection with economic outcomes is up sharply, roiling the political landscape and stoking populist and nationalist sentiment. Income and wealth inequalities have risen practically in all major economies and sharply in several of them. In the US, for example, the income share of the richest 1 percent has more than doubled since the early 1980s to around 22 percent, with the wealth share rising to almost 40 percent. Those with middle-class incomes have been squeezed and the typical worker has been largely stagnant real wages. In the cauldron of political debate, much of the blame for the rise in inequality is heaped on globalization often from both ends of the political spectrum. The popular backlash against globalization has been fed by a negative political crescendo. Another factor blamed is technological change digitization, the rise of robots, and artificial intelligence that is seen to favor capital and higher-level skills at the expense of ordinary workers. More and more, we hear calls to throw sand in the wheels of technological change, reflecting an ascendant neo-Luddism. Most dynamic economic change inevitably creates winners and losers. Globalization and technology are no exceptions. They are key forces that drive innovation, productivity, and economic growth. But they also have been important factors behind the rise in inequalities we have witnessed with technological change playing a stronger role.

The positive and negative aspects of multinational corporations

A huge business association with working organizations in various diverse nations. Typically one normally functions with a headquarters that is based in one country, while other facilities are based in locations in other countries. International corporations can range from car manufacturers to food chains that exist, as a result of globalization, with consumers and profit in mind. However, these transnational companies are not spread from criticism since they also have some negative aspects.

One of the positive aspects of multinational corporations is the opportunity to operate in countries where labor is not as expensive. They can also set up their offices in several countries where demand for their services and products are high and their chances of reaching out to customers on a global scale, a benefit which other companies limited to regional offices and establishments do not have. Multinationals can enjoy lower taxes in other countries for exports and imports, and an advantage that owners of international corporations can take at any given day. And although not all countries can have lower traffic, that gives tax cuts to investors to attract more international companies to do business in these countries. When international companies set up branches in other countries, employees and members of the team are locals that said, more people are given employment opportunities, especially in developing countries.

Multinational companies regularly put resources into developing nations where they can exploit less expensive work. Some worldwide companies like to set up branches in these parts of the world where there are no stronger policies in labor and where individuals need employment on the grounds that these global can requests for less expensive work and lesser healthcare benefits. Another negative part of MNC in different nations is their capacity to dominate the market. These giant corporations can dominate the industries there are in because they have better products and they can afford to even offer them at lower prices since they have the financial resources to buy in bulk. This can eat up the various small organizations offering similar products and enterprises. With more organizations exchanging workplaces and focusing tasks in different nations, occupations for the general population living in created nations can be threatened by removing large factories and production facilities takes away the possibilities of employment for local people.


As shown in this essay, globalization in contemporary world has brought a variety of affordably priced quality products and overall economic benefits to the developing countries as well as employment to the large population. Globalization is the new world of unlimited opportunity and unimaginable prosperity. Globalization essentially frees humankind from all of the barriers that have for centuries kept people from achieving their true potential.

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In the future, globalization will be the key force deciding the competitive advantage. Many economists state that the emerging market of Africa and Asia will be the new focus of global trade with increased production being experienced in many developing countries. There are key trends that include imitating a focused strategy of globalization to shape the competitive advantage’s future. For an instant, rising economies such as India and China will have to redefine their future. The war in search of talent, global market, technologies, innovation, and the new markets will increase hence, globalization will also intensify.

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Globalization’s Theories and Effects in the Modern World. (2022, May 17). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 17, 2024, from
“Globalization’s Theories and Effects in the Modern World.” GradesFixer, 17 May 2022,
Globalization’s Theories and Effects in the Modern World. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 17 Jun. 2024].
Globalization’s Theories and Effects in the Modern World [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2022 May 17 [cited 2024 Jun 17]. Available from:
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