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The graphic design logo of the Zoroastrian religion hails back to one of the most common symbols of the Persian Empire in which the religion was founded. It features a winged disc, with the wings representing closeness to God and the circle being a common symbol of unity and inclusiveness. The man featured in the symbol is Ashur, an Assyrian God who carries a bow and arrow to denote the warrior-spirit of the ancient Persians. This symbol incorporates the history of this religion with archetypical symbols. After the Arab conquest of Iran, Zoroastrianism continued to be part of Iranian culture. Throughout the year, festivities are celebrated such as the Iranian New Year or Nowruz, Mehregan, and Chaharshanbe suri. These are remnants of Zoroastrian traditions. From the start of the 20th century, the Farvahar icon found itself in public places and become known icon amongst all Iranians.
The Shahnameh by Ferdowsi is Iran’s national epic and contains stories partly historical and partly mythical from pre-Islamic Zoroastrian times. The tomb of Ferdowsi is visited by numerous Iranians every year, contains the Faravahar icon as well. The Sun throne, the imperial seat of Persia, has strong relations from the Faravahar. The sovereign would be seated in the middle of the Throne, which is shaped like a platformer bed that is raised from the ground. This religious-cultural symbol was adapted by the Pahlavi dynasty to represent the Iranian nation. In present-day Zoroastrianism, the Farahvar is said to be a reminder of one’s purpose in life, which is to live in such a way that the soul progress towards frashokereti, or union with Ahura Mazda, the supreme divinity in Zoroastrianism, although there are many the interoperations of the individual elements of the symbol, none of them are the older than the 20th century.
After the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the lion and sun, which was part of Iran’s original national flag, was banned by the government from public places to prevent people from being reminded of life prior to the revolution. Nevertheless, Faravahar icons were not removed. As a result, the Faravahar icon became a national symbol amongst the people, and it became somewhat tolerated by the government as opposed to the Lion and sun. The Faravahar is the most worn pendant amongst Iranians and has become a national symbol, rather than a religious icon because it has been absconded with by non- Zoroastrians, although its Zoroastrian roots should not be ignored. It’s the symbol of the state religion of the Persian Empire. Zoroastrianism, nowadays, it’s a common symbol of both the modern and ancient Iranian state. Although. Zoroastrianism is no longer Iran’s state religion, it’s important, customary and traditional symbol.
The winged discs have a long history in art and culture of the ancient Near and Middle East. In Neo- Assyrian times, a symbolizing Ashur. While the symbol is currently thought to represent a Fravashi (guardian angel), from which it derives its name, what it represented in the minds of those who adapted it from earlier Mesopotamian and Egyptian reliefs is unclear. Because the symbol first appears on royal inscriptions, it’s also thought to represent the Divine Royal Glory(Khvarenah), or the Fravashi of the king, or represented the divine mandate that was the foundation of a king’s authority. The relationship between the name of the symbol and the class of divine entities it represents, reflects the current belief that the symbol presents a Fravashi. However, there is no physical description of the Fravashis in the Avesta, the sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, and in Avestan the entities are grammatically feminine.
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