Nature vs. Nurture is one of the most important themes in Frankenstein. Victor Frankenstein and the creature he creates both have a type of nature that affects their personality and way of life. Because they are both similar with nature vs. nurture, they have different nurturing styles. Victor Frankenstein is responsible with nature because of his fall, while the creature's fall is in the nurture aspect. Shelly is able to show that in the novel because she is describing Victor and the creature’s personalities in Frankenstein.
Shelly starts the novel off by addressing Victor’s nature. He describes himself as being born into a family that is “one of the most distinguished of the republic”. Being a part of a rich family makes Victor a victim of his nature. Because his family is so powerful, this puts a toll on Victor and makes it too much for him to handle. An important thing to remember is the nurturing that Victor Frankenstein endured during his childhood. Victor mentions that his father devoted himself to the education of his children. The examples of nurture in Frankenstein are used to show that Victor had a positive influence and well-being.
The creature’s nature is different from Victor’s nature. The creature has desires to learn to read, write, and even be accepted by other human beings. Victor was a father figure to the creature, but he immediately abandons him. After the creature was left alone, the creature describes how he was being treated by the world around him. The creature acknowledges that his personality and behavior were affected by his environment. The environment and experiences led him to change his personality to match the disappointing nature of his life.
In summary, both nature and nurture influenced the characters in Frankenstein. In Victor’s case, he does not take the best practices from his family, even though they gave him the thirst for education. The monster, on the other hand, does not receive the necessary lessons from his “father” which has a bad result in the end.
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