What did Freud perceive as the outcome of a successful resolution of the Oedipus complex?

Updated 21 March, 2023
Freud believed that the resolution of the Oedipus complex, which is the psychological conflict that occurs during a child's development, would result in the identification with the same-sex parent. This identification allows for the child to learn the acceptable social and gender roles of their own sex, leading to a healthy development of their gender identity.
Detailed answer:

Sigmund Freud's concept of the Oedipus complex is an essential element of his psychoanalytic theory. He posits that every child experiences an unconscious desire to possess their opposite-sex parent and replace their same-sex parent, which he called the Oedipus complex. According to Freud, the successful resolution of the Oedipus complex occurs when a child accepts the authority of the same-sex parent and identifies with them, leading to the development of a strong sense of gender identity.

The process of identification with the same-sex parent is a crucial aspect of psychosexual development. It helps the child to internalize the values, attitudes, and behaviors of the same-sex parent, leading to the development of a clear sense of gender identity. When the child identifies with the same-sex parent, it leads to the formation of the superego, which is an internalized representation of the cultural and societal norms and values that regulate the child's behavior. The superego, according to Freud, represents the child's internalization of the parents' morals and values, and it plays a crucial role in the regulation of the child's behavior.

Furthermore, Freud believed that an unsuccessful resolution of the Oedipus complex could lead to psychological problems in adulthood. For instance, if a child fails to identify with the same-sex parent, they may experience gender confusion or sexual identity issues in the future. On the other hand, if a child is unable to resolve the Oedipus complex, they may develop a fear of castration, leading to sexual dysfunctions such as impotence or frigidity in adulthood.

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