What Does The Frankenstein Complex Mean?

Updated 8 November, 2023
Frankenstein Complex is a term created by sci-fi writer Isaac Asimov, which means the concern of robots and other artificial objects to overtake humanity.
Detailed answer:

Russian-born science writer and disseminator Isaac Asimov (1920-2002) coined the expression "Frankenstein complex" to describe men's fear of machines rebelling against their creators, a clear allusion to the legendary monster in Mary W. Shelley's novel.
Asimov then devised the famous Three Laws of Robotics, with the idea of counteracting the Frankenstein complex.
These three laws acted as a kind of moral code of conduct for robots that would prevent them from rising up against their creators.
Although this ‘complex’ has inspired hundreds of science fiction stories and films, it’s far from a new one. Throughout the history of time there has been some concern about the autonomy of human-made gadgets. Recent innovations such as personal computers or the boom of the Internet caused distrust of fear in thousands of people until they began to understand how it works.
This irrational fear of a man reaching a point where he cannot control his creations comes from Mary Shelley’s novel ‘Frankenstein’; a scientist who creates life but is then horrified by what he has done.
Although cases of malfunctioning and bloodthirsty technology are fairly rare, tons of science fiction stories have been created that warn us of technology becoming a threat to the survival of humanity. Starting from Frankenstein to almost every science fiction film or series, humanity is told to beware of technology: The Matrix, Terminator, Jurassic Park, Planet of the Apes...and the list goes on.
Even though Asimov named it the Frankenstein complex he was sick of it. Instead of thinking of the robot as a monster, Asimov turned this fear around and imagined robots as a tool. So, Asimov decided to write stories about how people and robots would get along well if robots weren’t built with the malicious idea in mind of human extermination.

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