What Genre Is Wuthering Heights?

Updated 30 September, 2023
Wuthering Hills is one of the successful examples of the Gothic novel genre. The theme of revenge, death, supernatural events, gloomy atmosphere and grotesque structures are the most important elements of the gothic genre seen in the novel.
Detailed answer:

Gothic literature employs dark and picturesque scenery, written, surprising and melodramatic means of expression, and in the general atmosphere of exoticism, fear and dread can be defined as mystery. Often, a Gothic novel or story revolves around a large, old house that hides a terrible secret or serves as a refuge for a particularly frightening and menacing character.
Wuthering Heights is a wild, passionate tale of intense and almost demonic love between Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff, who was owned by Catherine's father. Moreover, as the story develops, it describes the development that appears to be much in the characters as it progresses, and with this development the story begins to become chaotic and violent. Bronte's successful handling of such a complex structure, the definition of the steppe setting, the fearful atmosphere, love and passion, and its poetic splendor make this unique novel a masterpiece of English literature.
In addition to the revenge, supernatural events, gloomy atmosphere and grotesque structures in the novel, death, one of the most important elements of the gothic genre, is also seen in this work. Hindley, Hindley's wife, Catherine, Isabella, Edgar, and eventually Heathcliff all experienced death. Few are left in the story so that they are the children Heathcliff continued to avenge in his lifetime, namely, Edgar and Catherine's daughter Cathy, Hareton and Isabella son of Hindley and Frances, and Edgar, his own. Another undeniable gothic event is that Heathcliff cried at the beginning of Catherine's grave while she was alive, had her grave digged and even bribed the gravedigger to be buried next to her when she died.
Wuthering Hills, one of the successful examples of the Gothic novel genre, follows a strategy that does not give up realism while telling about dark and misty houses, rooms painted by various desires, passions and thoughts, nightmares awakened in sweat. Everything in this world is extremely simple, despite all its complexity. Desires dissolve, desires retreat, a wild nature with a back hum, a whining loneliness and a love-compromising mood remain.

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