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1 January 1920 – 31 December 1929
In North America, it is frequently referred to as the "Roaring Twenties" or the "Jazz Age". In Europe the period is referred to as the "Golden Twenties". The 1920s featured prosperity and carefree living for many because of the economic boom following World War I. The decade began with a roar and ended with a crash.
The major wars and conflicts of the decade were: Turkish War of Independence, Unification of Saudi Arabia, Irish War of Independence, Russian Civil War, Polish–Soviet War. Also, radical political movements such as communism and fascism increased.
1920s was a decade of economic growth and widespread prosperity. The era began in leading metropolitan centers and spread widely in the aftermath of World War I. On October 29, 1929, economic boom ended by "Black Tuesday" when the stock market crashes.
In 1925, John Logie Baird invented the first working mechanical television system. Later, in 1928, he invented the first color television. In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin.
The 1920s saw a vast expansion of Hollywood film making. "Mickey Mouse", was the first animated short film released by Walt Disney in 1928. Jazz and jazz-influenced dance music became very popular. The start of surrealist movement in art throughout the decade.