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In many severe problems in earth environment pollution is one of the most alarming issues. It refers to contamination of our surroundings. Among most common 4 types of pollution, air pollution is increasing in alarming rate. As world progressing, the city is modernizing more and more which is causing a great amount of air pollution which is damaging starting from the overall earth condition to human lifestyle. It is also causing different kinds of diseases.
There are many ways by which the air is polluting. Also several kinds of substances which are causing air pollution like, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxides, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, ozone, lead and heavy metals, CFC etc. Some of them are coming from the wastes of mills, some of them are coming from the ventilation of vehicle, some of the even coming from our own refrigerator.
Therefore, cause are boldly responsible for air pollution. In the most common way the air is polluting is from agricultural activity. Ammonia is the most common byproduct of agriculture. This substance is really hazardous for health. The use of insecticides, fertilizers has grown quite a lot. These emit harmful elements to the air. Again, farmers used to burn old crops for next round of sowing which causes to release harmful gases to the air. Secondly, Exhaust from factories and industries is another great cause of air pollution. These mills produce a large amount of harmful substances like hydrocarbons, organic compounds chemicals into the air. These manufacturing companies are all over the world and number of them are huge. So there is almost no area left which isn’t effect by the pollutant of mills. Thirdly mining operations cause air pollution. Mining is a process wherein minerals below the earth are extracted using large equipment. During the process, dust and chemicals are released in the air causing massive air pollution. Also household cleaning products, painting stuff, refrigerator, air conditioner emits contaminate of the air. We know that methane is a greenhouse gas. The wastage of landfills emits methane which causes to increase of greenhouse effect. There are other indoor air pollute such as SPM (Suspended Particulate Matter), household cleaning product, painting supplies etc. These emits harmful gas to air. As an example, while painting it creates an annoying smell which makes it hard to breath. Also there are other natural events which causes air pollution too, such as volcanoes, forest fire, sand storm.
The air pollution effects greatly to out earth also to our health. Skin disease, bad weather, cough, temperature rise, wildlife extinction etc. Is happening because of air pollution. These effects can be broken down into short term effect long term effect. Mainly these effects could be broken down into two types, one is the effect on the environment and the other one is on human.
Firstly, respiratory and heart problem is most commonly seen by air pollution. People lives near the mills or other chemical industries suffers a lot by these. They are known to create asthma, chronic bronchitis, heart attacks, strokes along with cancer. Several people has died because of direct or indirect effect of air pollution. However these are defined as long term effects of air pollution. There are also short term effects which are temporary like irritation to the nose throats, eyes. Air pollution also cause dizziness, nausea. Next about natural effects of air pollution, there are several severe of them. One of the most common effect is global warming. By increasing amount of CO2 the ozone layer of the earth is constantly destroying. As a result, earth is now less capable to resist harmful rays comes from the sun. Because of that heat is only getting in to the earth but couldn’t get out like glass house. Secondly, there are another effect named “Smog Effect” caused by air pollution. That smog is load of pollutants and can be of 2 types. These are sulfurous smog and photochemical smog. Both are really dangerous and harms a lot. Therefore, acid rain is another effect of air pollution caused by increasing amount of sulfur in the air. In many effects of air pollution, child health problem is another effect of air pollution. Before taking human their first breath, air pollution could be detrimental. Premature birth, asthma, autism, spectrum disorder could happen if air pollution is intense around a pregnant woman. In these kind of areas, there is a risk of short term respiratory infections, pulmonary diseases. It can even cause potential damage to early brain development. There are another condition created by air pollution which is called Eutrophication. For high presence of nitrogen, pollutants created on sea surface and turns itself into algae. These causes fishes and other living animals of seas to die.
As a bottom line it could be said that, air pollution is effecting our environment also our health quite a lot. It is important to do something in order to get rid of the curse of air pollution. Some nations are taking bigger steps in order to resolve air pollution as an example reduction of public mode transportation, better house hold practices, conserve energy, emphasis on clean energy resources etc. Yet it is not quite possible to get away with it if we are not aware of it. In our active collaboration, we could make our world happier place to live.
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