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Analysis of Religious and Scientific Arguments to Prove The Existence of God

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Table of contents

  1. Religious Perspectives
  2. Christianity
  3. Fitrah Argument
  4. Designer Arguments
  5. Scientific Proof
  6. Conclusion

Human made of thousands of different organs, each organ is made of thousands of different tissues and those tissues are made of thousands of different cells and every cell consists of tiniest particle working together to work for a particular function, Everything inside a human body is so much organized and well maintained that such a big organize system could never have been created without a supreme organizer such perfection can only be created by a powerful creator.

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Moreover if we look around and observe the sun, the stars, the moon, the birds, the sky, the wind, the rain, the shifting of moon till the rising of the sun, from the thunder till the blowing of the breeze every single thing in this universe is with such perfection and this perfection can never be achieved without a creator. Humans have different opinions different views some believe in god and some believe in the existences of multiple god divide each as the controller of individual element of this universe which brings debates and different physiological theories because they are depended on the natural as well as the knowledge that has been passed on generations to generations.

  1. Universe consists of the series of causes and effects
  2. Series of cause and effect cannot be infinite
  3. So there must be a first cause

This first cause must be powerful as it brought the whole universe into existence, and it must be intelligent as it caused the ‘laws of science’ which govern the universe. Also, this first cause must be timeless, space less and immaterial, because time, space and matter began at the ‘Big Bang’. Finally, since it is uncaused it must have always existedIf we look into the different religions Christians, Muslim’s, Jews, Hindu etc. all of these have proofs of the existence of God. However we come across different controversial ideas and many different arguments on the existence of God, Out of which we are describing the few:

  1. Religious perspective
  2. Fitrah argument
  3. Designer arguments
  4. Scientific proof

Religious Perspectives

Pantheism: (pan=”everything” theos=”God”)Universe is divine.

Polytheism: is the belief that there are many gods. Breaking the word down, “poly” comes from the Greek word for “many,” and “theism” from the Greek word for “God. ”

  1. Agnostics: The people who believe that God does not exist.
  2. Atheism is the view that God does not exist.
  3. Monotheism: It is the belief in the oneness of God.
  4. Dualism: It is the philosophy of two Gods such as Zionists, Jews believe.
  5. Bio theism: The God who creates cannot nourish. Such as the belief of Hindus.
  6. Ditheism: The God who nourishes cannot create.

Belief of Hindus.

Proves From Holy Books:


It is difficult for natural man to believe in something that he cannot see, touch or feel. if we look into Christians the problem is solved with the first verse of the Bible, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth” (Gen. 1: 1). The Bible is not a textbook that attempts to prove the existence of God – the Bible opens with a positive fact that God does exist.


In Islam the concept of god is defined in terms of singular meaning only one and is indivisible, the powerful and all knowing and the creator of everything in existence. Muslim believes in only one God and according to their holy book there are multiple different verses proving the existence of god.

If we take the example from Quran it says,God is the creator of the universe and all the creatures in it. [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, [who] made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent. — Quran 35: 1And it is We Who have constructed the heavens (universe) with might and verily, it is We Who are steadily expanding it. — Quran 51: 47We created man from an extract of clay. Then We made him as a drop in a place of settlement; firmly fixed (Uterus of woman). Then We made the drop into an alaqah (leech-like suspended blood clot), then We made the alaqah into a mudghah (chewed substances,little lump of flesh), then We made out of that mudghah bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of creators. — Quran 23: 12


They believe that Izra (Izrael) is the Son of God. Miracle mentioned in Quran that Allah made him sleep for 100 years in order to answer the question of destroyed nations rising on the Day of Judgment. Nation of prophet Muses (Musa) follows Ten Commandments.

Fitrah Argument

The Prophet said,“Each child is born in a state of “Fitrah”, but his parents make him a Jew or a Christian. It is like the way an animal gives birth to a normal offspring. Have you noticed any (young animal) born mutilated before you mutilate them?” So, just as the child’s body submits to the physical laws which God has put in nature, its soul also submits naturally to the fact that God is its Lord and Creator. But its parents try to make it follow their own way and the child is not strong enough in the early stages of its life to resist or oppose its parents. The religion which the child follows at this stage is one of custom and upbringing and God does not hold it to account or punish it for this religion. When the child matures in youth and clear proofs of the falsehood of his religion are brought to him, the adult must now follow the religion of knowledge and reason. ” At this point the devils try their best to encourage him to stay as he is or to go further astray. Evils are made pleasing to him and he must now live in the midst of a struggle between his Fitrah and his desires in order to find the right road. If he chooses his Fitrah, God will help him overcome his desires even though it may take most of his life to escape, for many people enter Islam in their old age although most tend to do so before that.

Designer Arguments

The teleological or design argument is A posteriori; it uses our experience of ‘design’ in the world to argue for the existence of a designer; God. Examples of this could be the sky, the human brain, even emotions. The concept would say that if things exist they must have a designer. St Thomas Aquinas asserted that there were five ways to prove Gods existence, one of which is the teleological argument. He thought that the regularity in the universe shows design, which he referred to as ‘Design qua regularity’.

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  1. Beneficial order – things that exist work towards an end
  2. Beneficial order – can’t happen by chance
  3. Many of the objects that work towards an end wouldn’t have the intelligence to do so by themselves
  4. Therefore such objects must have been directed to do so – by God.

Scientific Proof

  1. We notice around us things that come into being and go out of being. A tree, for example, grows from a tiny shoot, flowers brilliantly, then withers and dies.
  2. Whatever comes into being or goes out of being does not have to be; nonbeing is a real possibility.
  3. Suppose that nothing has to be; that is, that nonbeing is a real possibility for everything.
  4. Then right now nothing would exist. For
  5. If the universe began to exist, then all being must trace its origin to some past moment before which there existed—literally—nothing at all. But
  6. Suppose the universe never began. Then, for the infinitely long duration of cosmic history, all being had the built-in possibility not to be. But
  7. If in an infinite time that possibility was never realized, then it could not have been a real possibility at all. So
  8. There must exist something which has to exist, which cannot not exist. This sort of being is called necessary.
  9. Either this necessity belongs to the thing in itself or it is derived from another. If derived from another there must ultimately exist a being whose necessity is not derived, that is, an absolutely necessary being.
  10. This absolutely necessary being is God.


So which argument is the strongest? In my opinion the designer arguments were the strongest one.

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