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Tourism refers to the trips that involve traveling of people outside the place they live or work in for the purpose of leisure, pleasure, vacation, business or personal. This activity has grown to be a source of revenue for many countries (Reddy, 2015). Nowadays, tourism is deemed as an industry. Tourism business is seasonal since it depends on when the visitors are on vacation. Therefore, it is not considered as a perfect source of income. Tourism has both advantages and disadvantages, that will be covered in this paper.
Tourism leads to the growth of service sector. The services sector engaged in tourism benefits the most out of the tourism sector. For instance, in the United States, most businesses engaged in the service sector, such as, the airlines, the hotels and surface transportation grow as the tourism industry grows. Chicago receives tourists each and every year. The city had the highest number of tourists in 2015 (46,200,000), the number it has never recorded before. As tourists visit a country, they are provided with hospitality services, majorly from hotels in the host countries. This is important to the hotels since they get more amount of revenue that may be used to expand the hotels. With a highest number of tourists in 2015, the number of Chicago hotels grew. Good examples are Chicago Vacation Rentals that accommodated the tourists at certain amount of fees as set by the management of these rentals. Therefore, tourism helps to improve the growth of the service sector (World Travel & Tourism Council, 2015).
Tourism results in economic growth. The practice of tourism helps to develop the economy of a state. It helps to overly develop the gross domestic product (GDP) of a country. Through tourism, the local people earn their livelihood by entertaining the tourists through cultural performances. A good example is the “Friends of Sironka” who are from the Maasai tribe who entertain tourists by their cultural performances. By performing, they earn an income (Sironka, 2013).
Tourism, just like any business venture has disadvantages. It affects the culture of the country. As the tourists visit new countries, they leave the natives trying to copy the lifestyle and the culture of the tourists. A good example is the Bahamian culture that has been affected by tourism. The Bahamians have become too Americanized and this has made them to lose they identities. Most of Bahamians have opted to become actors, rappers and singers, and this is the things they see done by Americans who often come to Bahamas (Reese-Crofton, 2013).
Tourism strains the available resources in a country. For instance, the strain on the water and electrical supplies to Nassau/Paradise Island is believed to be caused by increased tourism in the area. This area is in Bahamas. Earlier, water and sewage provided adequate electrical energy and water to the residents of the Island. However, as more and more tourists have habited the area, this has increased the demand for water and electricity. This implies that as the number of tourists increase in the area, the more the demand for water and electricity resources (Reese-Crofton, 2013).
This essay focused on the advantages and disadvantages of tourism. Tourism leads to the growth of service sector which improves the economic state of a country. However, this activity is not always perfect as it has some disadvantages. For instance, it affects the culture of the host countries as they try to copy those cultures of the tourists. Moreover, it puts pressure on the available resources that were earlier sufficient to the natives of the country. Overly, tourism is good and should be supported by countries since through it, the country will be able to get an extra source of revenue.
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