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Kegalle (Sinhalese: ??????; Tamil: ??????) is a large town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. It is located on the Colombo–Kandy road, approximately 78 km (48 mi) from Colombo and 40 km (25 mi) from Kandy. It is the main town in the Kegalle District, which is one of two districts which comprise Sabaragamuwa Province. The town is governed by an Urban Council. The surrounding area produces graphite, precious stones and agricultural products such as rice. Kegalle has an agricultural based economy and mainly produces rubber. Kegalle is the nearest town to the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage, a major tourist attraction in the area, which is 10.5 km (6.5 mi) to the north-east.
Kegalle District remarks on its great history dated back to the stone age of Sri Lanka. It is an assortment of proven evidence of the present day city formation. According to that evidence, there had been a prosperous civilization in Kegalle prior to 28000 years. The caves of Beli Lena, Dorawaka Lena, Alu Lena, Asmadala, Padavigampola, Batalegala, Lenagala, Ambala Kanda, Hamada, Heenatipana, Uthuwankanda, Beligala, Salawa, Yahalena, Salgala and Kela Dambulla endow with the evidence for that. According to the archaeology of the Kegalle District, it has been a region in Maya Rata of the three divisions of Sri Lanka.
Further, it is noticeable by the latter half of the Sinhalese kingdom and also by the ruling period of the British. Those days Kegalle had been divided into three parts; named as “Satara Koralaya”,” Thun Koralaya” and “Patha Bulathgama”.Physical informationSir. Edwin WijeyeratneFirst elected Kegalle member, State Council of Ceylon & Sri Lankan independence activistKegalle, situated in between the central highlands and western southern planes and has an enchanting environment. The height of the western region is less than 500 feet above sea level while the eastern region exceeds 1,000 feet. Rubber cultivation has stretched over most of the area of the district and minor export crops such as coffee, cocoa, pepper, clove, and nutmeg takes an important place in the district’s economy. Sri Lanka’s best graphite mine is situated at Bogala in Kegalle District. The extent of the District is 1692.8 km2 (169,280 in hectares). Sri Lanka 65610 km2
The economic maturity. The land has become another fertile facilitator to the cultivation promoted needs of the citizens of Kegalle. The district mainly being an agrarian society, rubber, tea, and coconut are cultivated as the main crops of it. Apart from that clove, pepper, coffee, and cocoa to are being cultivated as secondary commodities. As of the Rubber cultivation, 33% of the agrarian lands have been utilized for it.29000 acres of land area have been occupied for the paddy cultivation. The rainwater is the main resource provider for the cultivations in Kegalle. Minerals are another lucrative donor of the district of Kegalle. The Bogala graphite is one of the most notable mines in Kegalle district and marks a half amount of the total mineral export of Sri Lanka. The gem distribution near the Kelani River further boosts for the economic prosperity of the district.
Schools and educational institutes
The town has five leading schools namely
Kegalu Balika Vidyalaya – KegalleSt. Mary’s College – KegalleSt. Joseph Balika Vidyalaya – Kegalle (formerly known as St. Joseph’s Convent)Swarna Jayanthi Vidyalaya – KegalleOther schools in Kegalle.National schoolsAranayake Central College (M.M.V.), UssapitiyaBaduriya Central College, MawanellaBandaranayake Maha Vidyalaya, HettimullaDippitiya Muslim Maha Vidyalaya,Dehiowita M.V.Dharul Uloom Muslim Maha Vidyalaya, RambukkanaDudley Senanayake Central College (M.M.V.), TholangamuwaHathgampala Maha Vidyalaya, AranayakaMayura panda M.M.V., MawanellaMolagoda Jayapala Maha VidyalayaPinnawala Central College (M.M.V.), RambukkanaRajasinghe Central College (M.M.V.), RuwanwellaSirisaman M.M.V., DeraniyagalaSulaimaniya Navodya School, KannattotaThalgaspitiya Muslim Maha Vidyalaya, AranayakeWalagama Maha Vidyalaya, DewalegamaYatiyantota M.M.V.Zahira College Mawanella (Muslim M.M.V.)Parakumba Maha Vidyalaya, Dedigama
Open University of Sri Lanka – Study Center
Advanced Technological Institute
National Apprentice and Industrial Training Authority.
Technical College, Kegalle
At present, Kegalle being one of the most hospitable and cozy districts it has become one of the profitable tourist attractions of the country.The rhythmical plummet of waterfalls of Asupini Ella,the shabby of Kurulu Kelaya with the lengthiest fungi tree of Sri Lanka, Pinnawala elephant orphanage and the Pinnawala Open Air zoo (First Open Air Zoo in Sri Lanka) and pool resources into be another dynamic co -hand of the economy, culture and society of Sri Lanka .Pinnawala Elephant OrphanageMain article: Pinnawala Elephant OrphanagePinnawala Elephant Orphanage is an orphanage, nursery and captive breeding ground for wild Asian elephants located at Pinnawala village, 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of Kegalle town in Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. Pinnawala is notable for having the largest herd of captive elephants in the world. Lupini Ella. Lupini Ella (waterfall) also called ‘Asupini Falls’ is a 30 meters (98 ft) waterfall that can be seen from the historic town of Aranayake.
According to ancient tales, it was named after the story about a King who had many queens. On his return from war, he assured them that he would give them a sign from the hills about the fate of the war. He said, “If his soldiers waved a white flag over the hills, it would mean he was defeated and killed in action. But, if he waved his own flag bearing his crest, that he was victorious”. The King decided to play a joke on his wives, who were waiting with their horses near the waterfall to see the visual message, by waving a white flag. His wives were so upset that they all committed suicide by jumping over the falls which inspired the name Shuping, which is derived from ‘Always’ (Horse) and ‘Pini’ or ‘Panina’ (Jump) which combined means “the horses jumped over the falls”.
Wewaladeniya Viharaya, also known as Kegalla Siri Mahindodaya Piriwen Viharaya is one of oldest temples in Kegalle. It is located at the center of the town. Other. Alagalla Mountain Range in Sabaragamuwa province is “Freedom Summit” in Sri Lanka, where an annual folk climbing event takes place on 4 February commemorating country’s independence from the British empire.
Sir Edwin Wijeyeratne – First elected member of Kegalle to State Council of Ceylon, Sri Lankan independence activist & Cabinet Minister of Home Affairs and Rural Development in the government of D. S. Senanayake.The Honourable Dr. P. B. G. Kalugalla – Member of Sri Lanka Parliament from Kegalle District for 26 years until 2000. He was the Sri Lankan High Commissioner to Canada and Ambassador to the Philippines.
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