Animal Farm Dystopia - Why Does George Orwell's Animal Farm Qualify as Dystopian Fiction?

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 628 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

Words: 628|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Totalitarianism and Oppression
  2. Propaganda and Manipulation
  3. Conclusion
  4. References

In the realm of literary genres, dystopian fiction has gained immense popularity due to its ability to portray a future world filled with oppression, control, and societal decay. George Orwell's Animal Farm, initially perceived as a children's fable, aptly fits within this genre, showcasing a dystopian society ruled by power-hungry pigs. This essay will delve into the various elements that qualify Animal Farm as a dystopian fiction, exploring themes of totalitarianism, propaganda, and the manipulation of language.

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Totalitarianism and Oppression

Animal Farm portrays a society ruled by totalitarianism, where the pigs, led by Napoleon, gain absolute power and exploit the other animals for their own benefit. This mirrors the oppressive regimes that existed during Orwell's time, such as Stalin's Soviet Union. The text explicitly depicts the pigs' control over the other animals, as they enforce strict rules and punishments, suppress dissent, and manipulate the truth to maintain their authority. This domination and oppression align with the characteristics of a dystopian society, where individual freedoms are curtailed in favor of the ruling class.

Orwell effectively highlights the dystopian nature of Animal Farm by describing the pigs' gradual transformation from revolutionary leaders to oppressive dictators. Initially, the pigs advocate for equality among all animals and promote the idea of a utopian society. However, as they consolidate power, they become corrupt and adopt human-like behaviors, betraying the principles they once championed. This transformation depicts the dangers of unchecked authority and the inherent flaws in any system that allows a small group to hold absolute power.

Furthermore, the animals' lack of agency and their submission to the pigs' control depict a society stripped of individuality and autonomy, another key element of dystopian fiction. The animals are merely tools for the pigs' agenda, reduced to cogs in a machine, devoid of personal rights and freedoms. Orwell's portrayal of the animals' oppression serves as a stark warning against the dangers of totalitarianism and the erosion of individual liberty.

Propaganda and Manipulation

Animal Farm also exhibits the pervasive use of propaganda and manipulation as tools of control. The pigs exploit the power of language to shape the narrative, control information, and deceive the other animals. The slogan "All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others" reflects the pigs' manipulation of language to justify their privileged position and maintain control. This manipulation of language is a hallmark of dystopian societies, as it enables the ruling class to control the thoughts and beliefs of the masses.

The pigs' use of propaganda extends beyond language manipulation. They employ various techniques, such as rewriting history, distorting facts, and suppressing dissent, to maintain their dominance. For instance, they alter the Seven Commandments to suit their needs, erasing any evidence of their own corruption. This distortion of reality allows the pigs to rewrite the past, control the present, and shape the future, effectively erasing any possibility of resistance or rebellion.

Orwell's portrayal of propaganda and manipulation in Animal Farm highlights the dangers of a society where truth is malleable and controlled by a select few. This manipulation of information and the suppression of dissent are integral components of dystopian fiction, emphasizing the potential consequences of allowing those in power to control the narrative.


In conclusion, George Orwell's Animal Farm unquestionably qualifies as a dystopian fiction due to its depiction of a totalitarian society ruled by power-hungry pigs. The elements of totalitarianism, propaganda, and the manipulation of language present throughout the text align with the defining characteristics of the dystopian genre. By showcasing the dangers of unchecked authority, the erosion of individual freedoms, and the manipulation of truth, Orwell's Animal Farm serves as a cautionary tale, urging readers to remain vigilant against the potential pitfalls of oppressive regimes.

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Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York: Signet Classics, 1996.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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Animal Farm Dystopia – Why Does George Orwell’s Animal Farm Qualify as Dystopian Fiction? (2024, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 20, 2024, from
“Animal Farm Dystopia – Why Does George Orwell’s Animal Farm Qualify as Dystopian Fiction?” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2024,
Animal Farm Dystopia – Why Does George Orwell’s Animal Farm Qualify as Dystopian Fiction? [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 20 Jul. 2024].
Animal Farm Dystopia – Why Does George Orwell’s Animal Farm Qualify as Dystopian Fiction? [Internet] GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 14 [cited 2024 Jul 20]. Available from:
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