450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help you just now
Starting from 3 hours delivery
Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.
Any subject. Any type of essay. We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.Get your price
121 writers online
It is illegal for athletes to take steroids or any other type of drugs, so they are relying on blood doping. Right before an event, an athlete will blood dope. By doing that they take a substance to enhance the red blood blood cell count. As the erythrocytes go up the oxygen is easily transported to the muscle making the performance of the athlete better. The main type of blood doping uses are synthetic oxygen carriers, blood transfusions, and erythropoietin (EPO). Purified proteins or chemicals having the ability to carry oxygen are known as synthetic oxygen carriers. Some examples of them are haemoglobin based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) or perfluorocarbons (PFCs).
Doing this brings the risk of cardiovascular disease. Synthetic oxygen carriers are mainly used in emergency when human blood is not available, but the risk of crossing different types of blood is high. Fortunately, there is a test that was created in 2004 to indicate if the form of blood doping is being used. Blood transfusions are a less common form of blood doping. The two types of blood transfusions used are autologous and homologous. Autologous is when an athlete uses their own blood. They refrigerate or freeze the blood and right before an event they do a transfusion. This process hold many risk factors.
The blood has to be stored correctly in order to stay viable and the procedure must be done correctly. Homologous blood transfusions involve another humans blood with the same blood type. This brings the risk of virus which passed through the transfusion. Blood transfusions as a form of blood doping dates back decades but there is only a test to detect if the homologous form is being used. Erythropoietin (EPO) is a natural human hormone produced by the kidney and stimulates red blood cells from the bone marrow. The red blood cells go directly to the muscle and may cause the body’s capacity to buffer lactic acid to increase. If a human has anemia related to kidney disease EPO can be used therapeutically in the right matter. But for an athlete, EPO in the form of blood doping is not the right matter.
The use of EPO can lead to heart disease, stroke, and cerebral or pulmonary embolism due to the thickening of the blood. In some cases, autoimmune diseases have been brought for EPO. a test from 200o was able to detect the use of EPO through blood and urine. Then, in 2003, a test just using urine to detect the use was developed. I believe blood doping should be illegal to do because affects the process of something that is supposed to naturally happen. Red blood cells are suppose to naturally flow to muscles at work, not be forced there by a substance of sort. Many risks are brought with it. For example, heart attack, stroke, or blood clotting. If it is illegal for an athlete to use steroids that produce testosterone for muscle gain and such than why should it be allowed to use blood doping.
We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:
Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.
Attention! This essay is not unique. You can get a 100% Plagiarism-FREE one in 30 sec
Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.
Please check your inbox.
Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.Order now
Are you interested in getting a customized paper?Check it out!