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19 November 1600
30 January 1649 (aged 48)
27 March 1625 – 30 January 1649
James VI, James I
Henrietta Maria of France
King of England, Ireland, Scotland
James VI and I; Anne of Denmark
Charles I was born in Fife, Scotland, in 1600. He was the second son of James VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark and received the title of Duke of Albany. In 1625 he became king, after his accession he married Henrietta Maria of France. Charles I was king of England, Scotland and Ireland, whose conflicts with parliament and his subjects led to civil war and his execution.
Charles dissolved parliament three times between 1625 and 1629. In 1629, he dissolved parliament and decided to rule alone.
The English Civil Wars (1642-1651) started from conflict between Charles I and Parliament over an Irish insurrection. There were two side on the war: those loyal to the king, Charles I, and those loyal to Parliament. The wars divided the country at all levels of society. The trial and the execution of Charles I (1649) was one of the outcomes of the war. He was beheaded in London, on January 30, 1649.