Company Background of IKEA

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About this sample


Words: 657 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 657|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraphs
  3. Origins and Early Development
    Expansion and Global Reach
    Business Model and Innovation
  4. Conclusion


IKEA, a name synonymous with affordable and stylish home furnishings, has carved a niche for itself in the global market. Renowned for its flat-pack furniture and innovative designs, IKEA has transformed the way people perceive and purchase home goods. This essay delves into the company's background, exploring its origins, growth trajectory, and the strategies that have propelled it to the forefront of the furniture industry. By examining IKEA's history and business model, we can gain insights into the factors that have contributed to its enduring success.

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Body Paragraphs

Origins and Early Development

IKEA was founded in 1943 by Ingvar Kamprad, a young entrepreneur from Sweden. The name IKEA is an acronym derived from Kamprad’s initials (I.K.) combined with the first letters of Elmtaryd and Agunnaryd, the farm and village where he grew up. Initially, IKEA started as a mail-order business, selling small items such as pens, wallets, and picture frames. Kamprad’s vision was clear from the outset: to offer functional and well-designed products at prices so low that as many people as possible would be able to afford them.

The pivotal moment in IKEA’s history came in 1956 when the company introduced flat-pack furniture. This innovation allowed products to be packed and shipped more efficiently, reducing costs significantly. Customers could assemble the furniture themselves, which not only added to the cost savings but also became a unique selling point. This concept revolutionized the furniture industry and laid the foundation for IKEA’s future growth.

Expansion and Global Reach

By the 1960s, IKEA had established its first stores in Sweden. The success of these stores led to expansion into other European countries, starting with Norway and Denmark. The 1970s and 1980s marked a period of rapid international expansion, with IKEA opening stores in North America, Asia, and Australia. The company’s ability to adapt its business model to different markets was instrumental in its global success.

One of IKEA’s key strategies was to maintain a strong local presence while adhering to its core values and principles. The company achieved this by establishing regional distribution centers and sourcing materials locally wherever possible. This approach not only reduced costs but also helped IKEA build strong relationships with local suppliers and communities. Additionally, IKEA’s emphasis on sustainability and environmental responsibility resonated well with customers worldwide, further enhancing its brand image.

Business Model and Innovation

IKEA’s business model is characterized by a relentless focus on cost efficiency and innovation. The company’s flat-pack concept, combined with self-service warehouses, allows it to offer high-quality products at competitive prices. IKEA’s in-house design team works closely with manufacturers to ensure that products are not only aesthetically pleasing but also functional and sustainable.

Innovation extends beyond product design to include the customer experience. IKEA stores are designed to be more than just retail spaces; they are experiential destinations. The layout of each store follows a predetermined path, guiding customers through various home settings and providing inspiration for their own spaces. This immersive shopping experience, coupled with the availability of in-store restaurants and childcare facilities, encourages longer visits and higher customer engagement.

Moreover, IKEA has embraced digital transformation to enhance its customer service and operational efficiency. The company’s e-commerce platform and mobile app offer a seamless shopping experience, allowing customers to browse products, check availability, and make purchases online. IKEA’s investment in augmented reality (AR) technology also enables customers to visualize how products will look in their homes, bridging the gap between online and offline shopping.

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In conclusion, IKEA’s journey from a small mail-order business to a global furniture giant is a testament to its innovative spirit and customer-centric approach. The company’s ability to adapt to changing market dynamics, coupled with its commitment to affordability and sustainability, has ensured its enduring relevance and success. As IKEA continues to expand its global footprint and embrace new technologies, it remains poised to shape the future of the home furnishings industry. By understanding the factors that have contributed to IKEA’s growth, we can appreciate the strategic foresight and operational excellence that underpin its remarkable achievements.

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Prof. Linda Burke

Cite this Essay

Company Background of IKEA. (2024, Jun 07). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 24, 2024, from
“Company Background of IKEA.” GradesFixer, 07 Jun. 2024,
Company Background of IKEA. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 24 Jul. 2024].
Company Background of IKEA [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 07 [cited 2024 Jul 24]. Available from:
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