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War is one of the calamities that have very adverse effects on the lives of citizens of a country. Some of the main causes of war between groups are power, property ownership, and money (Bonnell, Ward, and Crotty 2006). War causes a lot of confusion and strife between the conflicting groups and leads to prolonged enmity between the conflicting groups, which is not healthy for the society in general. War has many effects to both the survivors and the unborn and affects such individuals economically, emotionally, physically, socially, and psychologically. In addition to this, war can also have adverse effects to the environment and resources in an area. Such things like bombing and missiles can have adverse effects to structures, people, animals, and the environment and leads to death. The Gallipoli war is one of the wars that had adverse effects to humanity in the area and the following is a breakdown of the effects it had on the babies born during and after the war (Bonnell, Ward, and Crotty 2006).
Before the Gallipoli war, Turkey was one of the strongest economies in the region. It was powerful in trade and had many resources from which it gained fame and prosperity (Coast artillery training center fort monroe VA 1923). Lack of power and control of resource is the main cause of the Gallipoli walk, which later became a war that led into the independence of Turkey as a state. This war had effects to both the children born during the war and those born after the war. Those born during the war faced psychological problems due to lack of parental care. During the war, most parents and guardians were forced to leave their children in hiding and go into war, which led to most of them being killed during the war. According to the journal of Australian weekly, about 3000 to 4000 wounded people were rushed to hospitals on a daily basis (Erickson 2001). This rate of casualties is alarming and is a clear reflection that many children were left orphaned after the war. Surviving without guidance and parental care during a war crisis worsened the situation and caused most children to live in fear and in despair. In addition to this, the journal states that parties involved in the war violated the Red Crescent rule of not injuring the wounded and those rescuing the wounded. From the journal, hospitals based in Eceabat, Halil pasa Ciftligi, and Akbas were struck by mines during the war claiming lives of all those trapped in the fortified hospitals (Coast artillery training center fort monroe VA 1923). This scenario is a clear show that many children lost their parents during the war and lived helpless lives thereafter.
In addition to that, children born during the Gallipoli war were also affected economically (Scates 2006). This is mainly because war cut off all economic activities in the area and destroyed most of the plantations, property, and breadwinners in families. This made life difficult for children and caused more struggle for parents to provide for their families. This scenario caused many children to survive without quality food, clothing, medicinal care, and shelter, which led to poor health. In addition to this, the war consumed many resources during the war causing more economic struggles to citizens during the time. All supplies to the area were cut off causing life more unbearable to citizens and especially to children (Erickson 2001).
The Gallipoli war also had physical effects to children born during the time (Taskiran 2005). Many children suffered physical injury during escape or when in hiding. This included such things like burns from fire, arms or limps fracturing and other physical injuries resulting from wars. In addition to this, children suffered physically from sunburns and rain due to lack of proper shelter and care. In addition to this, children were also exposed to chemicals and emissions in the air resulting from war weapons and tools, which affected them physically. Such things could easily bring coughing or respiratory diseases and could even cause death. Many children died from physical injuries during the time due to poor care and medical services (Taskiran 2005).
The Gallipoli war also affected the social set up in the area (Coast artillery training center fort monroe VA 1923). Children born during the time had poor social connection due to lack of play and socializing. War forced them to be in hiding for safety, which has negative effects on a young one’s brain and development process. Children were also affected socially through the separation of family members. As family members separated and died during escape to safety, many children were left socially devastated and helpless. They lacked social encouragement and upbringing, which can easily change one’s perspective of life. Exposure to such a life during early ages can cause changes in an individual and even turn one into a criminal. Most children were left to live in fear and desperation due to lack of protection and guidance from their parents who were either dead or in war. Children also lacked role modelling and social guidance on how to deal with daily social issues due to absence of parental care (Scates 2006).
Apart from the above effects to babies born during the time of the war, the war also had effects to children born after the war (West 2005). Children born after the war faced social challenges resulting from poor relations to the extended family. Most families separated during the war, which made it difficult for children born after the war to know their grandparents, cousins, and the extended family in general. Reports written from the war state that there were about 250,000 casualties and 65, 000 dead people at the end of the war. These figures are alarming and clearly show that many children were left orphaned without social support and social connection. The Gallipoli war also had physical effects to children born after the war. Some children were born with deformities mainly because their parents were affected by the chemicals and emissions used during the war. This caused many physical deformities in children including blindness, physical deformities, and other deformities (West 2005).
Children born after the war also faced economic challenges caused by the Gallipoli war (Scates 2006). The war affected many economic activities in the area leading to poor economy in the region. Since most of the neighboring areas were dependent on the resources from the area, destruction of such resources caused a lot of economic decline in the area. This made children born after the war to start forming new economic connections, which took a lot of time to stabilize. The war also affected children born after the war psychologically due to fear of another war outbreak in the region. Fear and terror has many psychological effects to the human brain and can cause panic attacks, depression, and poor productivity at work. In addition to this, visiting the cemeteries of the war veterans can spike bad feelings in individuals due to blood connection to the deceased. This can have negative impacts on one’s psychological wellbeing (Foster, 2007).
In conclusion, the Gallipoli war had many effects to the citizens in the area. From the analysis above, this war had effects to both the people present during the war and those born many years after the war. People in this area were affected economically, socially, physically, and psychologically. Individuals present during the war and especially children suffered more from the effects of the war. They lost social touch, parental care, and peace. In addition to that, it caused a lot of deaths leaving many children as orphans. From this argument, it is evident that war has many adverse effects on the society and needs to be avoided in the society (Foster, 2007).
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