Conscience and Moral Decision Making in Scriptures and The Catholic Tradition

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 539 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: May 7, 2019

Words: 539|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: May 7, 2019


Conscience, often described as the inner voice that guides our moral decisions, stands as a cornerstone in our ethical framework. It acts as a reflective mechanism, allowing us to assess the rightness or wrongness of our actions based on a set of moral principles ingrained within us. From a psychoanalytical perspective, conscience is often likened to the superego, a construct influenced by various factors encountered during our upbringing and socialization.

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The formation of conscience is a complex interplay of religious teachings, cultural norms, environmental influences, educational experiences, and societal expectations. As the original essay points out, these elements shape our understanding of morality and contribute to the development of our conscience. The Catholic Tradition, for example, imparts moral guidance through scriptures and religious teachings, providing adherents with a framework for ethical decision-making. The essay highlights the role of scriptures, such as the Ten Commandments, in shaping moral consciousness and guiding individuals towards virtuous conduct.

One foundational principle emphasized in many religious traditions, including Catholicism, is the Golden Rule:

"Treat others as you would like to be treated."

This maxim encapsulates the essence of empathy and reciprocity in human interactions, urging individuals to consider the perspectives and feelings of others. By adhering to this principle, individuals cultivate a sense of compassion and mutual respect, fostering positive relationships and contributing to societal harmony.

Incorporating the Golden Rule into daily life requires a deliberate effort to empathize with others and consider the impact of our actions. As the essay suggests, individuals can engage in perspective-taking by imagining themselves in the shoes of others before making decisions or engaging in behaviors that may affect them. This empathetic approach serves as a guiding compass, enabling individuals to navigate moral dilemmas and act in accordance with their conscience.

The essay's assertion that personal adherence to the Golden Rule can yield profound effects on one's well-being and interpersonal relationships is echoed in numerous psychological studies. Research has consistently shown that practicing empathy and altruism leads to greater psychological well-being and satisfaction with life. By prioritizing kindness and compassion in their interactions, individuals not only enhance their own happiness but also contribute to the collective welfare of society.

However, embracing the Golden Rule does not come without its challenges. As the essay acknowledges, individuals may grapple with feelings of hesitation or self-doubt in their efforts to align their actions with their moral principles. The fear of causing harm or offending others may lead to reticence or reluctance to express oneself authentically. Nevertheless, navigating these challenges offers opportunities for personal growth and self-discovery, as individuals learn to balance empathy with self-expression.

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In conclusion, conscience serves as a guiding force in moral decision-making, shaped by a myriad of influences ranging from religious teachings to cultural norms. The Golden Rule, exemplified in scriptures and religious traditions, provides a compass for ethical behavior, emphasizing empathy and reciprocity in human interactions. By incorporating these principles into daily life, individuals can cultivate a conscience aligned with moral values and contribute to the well-being of themselves and others. Despite the challenges encountered along the way, the pursuit of virtuous conduct through empathy and compassion ultimately enriches the human experience and fosters a more compassionate and harmonious society.


  1. Bandura, A. (1999). Moral disengagement in the perpetration of inhumanities. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3(3), 193-209.
  2. Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women’s development. Harvard University Press.
  3. Narvaez, D., Lapsley, D. K., Hagele, S., & Lasky, B. (2006). Moral chronicity and social information processing: Tests of a social cognitive approach to the moral personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(6), 966-985.
  4. Puka, B. (1995). Virtue and character: A study in the philosophy and psychology of virtue and character. Oxford University Press.
  5. Walker, L. J. (2004). Naturalistic and experimental perspectives on moral development. Human Development, 47(6), 339-345.
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Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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Conscience And Moral Decision Making In Scriptures And The Catholic Tradition. (2019, April 26). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 22, 2024, from
“Conscience And Moral Decision Making In Scriptures And The Catholic Tradition.” GradesFixer, 26 Apr. 2019,
Conscience And Moral Decision Making In Scriptures And The Catholic Tradition. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Apr. 2024].
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