Conservative Politicians: Pros and Cons of The Roaring 20s

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 731 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Mar 25, 2024

Words: 731|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Mar 25, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Creation of the FBI: A Double-Edged Sword
  3. Palmer Raids: A Heavy-handed Approach
  4. Anti-Immigration Laws: Protecting American Interests or Promoting Discrimination?
  5. Prohibition: A Failed Experiment
  6. Conclusion


The Roaring 20s, a period of economic prosperity and cultural transformation, witnessed the rise of conservative politicians who left an indelible mark on American society. This essay aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the administrations of conservative politicians during this era, highlighting the pros and cons of their policies. Specifically, it will delve into the creation of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the infamous Palmer Raids, restrictive anti-immigration laws, and the controversial experiment of prohibition. By critically examining these policies, we can gain a deeper understanding of their impact on the society and evaluate their contributions to the overall development of the United States.

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Creation of the FBI: A Double-Edged Sword

One of the most notable achievements of conservative politicians in the 1920s was the establishment of the FBI. Under the leadership of J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI played a crucial role in combating organized crime, investigating political corruption, and ensuring national security. By centralizing intelligence gathering and law enforcement, the FBI significantly enhanced the effectiveness of federal agencies in maintaining public order.

However, the creation of the FBI also raised concerns regarding civil liberties. Critics argue that the increased power of the FBI led to the infringement of individual privacy rights and the potential for political surveillance. The controversial COINTELPRO program, initiated by Hoover, targeted various civil rights organizations and dissenting voices, raising questions about the balance between national security and civil liberties.

Palmer Raids: A Heavy-handed Approach

Another aspect of conservative administrations during the Roaring 20s was the implementation of Palmer Raids, led by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer. These raids were intended to identify and deport suspected radical leftists and anarchists, aiming to safeguard national security. While the raids did yield some results, they were marred by numerous violations of civil liberties and due process.

The Palmer Raids led to the deportation of thousands of individuals, many of whom were innocent, merely holding radical ideologies or advocating for social change. These actions created a climate of fear and suspicion, adversely affecting the freedom of speech and assembly. The legacy of the Palmer Raids serves as a cautionary tale regarding the potential dangers of sacrificing civil liberties in the name of national security.

Anti-Immigration Laws: Protecting American Interests or Promoting Discrimination?

Conservative politicians in the 1920s also pushed for restrictive anti-immigration laws, such as the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924. These laws aimed to limit the influx of immigrants, particularly from Southern and Eastern Europe, in an effort to preserve American culture and protect job opportunities for native-born citizens.

While proponents argue that these measures were necessary to maintain social cohesion and protect American workers, critics contend that they propagated discrimination and xenophobia. Embracing nativist sentiments, these laws disproportionately targeted certain ethnic groups and reinforced racial hierarchies. Moreover, the restrictions hindered the entry of individuals who could have made significant contributions to the nation's development, stifling diversity and innovation.

Prohibition: A Failed Experiment

Perhaps one of the most infamous policies of the Roaring 20s was the nationwide prohibition of alcohol. Driven by conservative moral values, the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead Act sought to eliminate the perceived societal ills associated with alcohol consumption.

However, prohibition proved to be a flawed and ineffective policy. It gave rise to a flourishing underground market, organized crime syndicates, and widespread corruption. The ban also led to the deterioration of public health, as poorly produced and dangerous alcoholic beverages emerged. Ultimately, the failure of prohibition highlighted the limitations of attempting to legislate morality and the importance of balancing personal liberty and social responsibility.


The conservative politicians of the Roaring 20s left a complex legacy through their policies and administrations. The creation of the FBI, despite its positive contributions to law enforcement, raised concerns about civil liberties and potential abuses of power. The heavy-handed approach of the Palmer Raids demonstrated the dangers of sacrificing individual rights in the name of national security. Restrictive anti-immigration laws perpetuated discrimination and hindered the nation's diversity. Lastly, prohibition highlighted the unintended consequences of well-intentioned moral legislation.

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Analyzing the pros and cons of these policies enables us to critically evaluate the impact of conservative politicians during this transformative era. It is essential to strike a balance between maintaining order and protecting civil liberties, as well as recognizing the value of diversity and individual autonomy. Understanding the lessons from the Roaring 20s can inform present-day policy debates and guide us towards a more inclusive and equitable future.

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Dr. Oliver Johnson

Cite this Essay

Conservative Politicians: Pros and Cons of the Roaring 20s. (2024, March 25). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 22, 2024, from
“Conservative Politicians: Pros and Cons of the Roaring 20s.” GradesFixer, 25 Mar. 2024,
Conservative Politicians: Pros and Cons of the Roaring 20s. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Jul. 2024].
Conservative Politicians: Pros and Cons of the Roaring 20s [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 25 [cited 2024 Jul 22]. Available from:
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