This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Daddy and The Muscle Academy, a Film by Iippo Pohjola: an Analysis

downloadDownload printPrint

Remember! This is just a sample.

You can get your custom paper by one of our expert writers.

Get custom essay

121 writers online

Download PDF

Gender, Sexuality, and Performativity

Gender and sexuality aren’t necessarily related, and it isn’t talked about unless it’s in the context of homosexuality despite the fact that heterosexual people perform their gender and sexuality as well. In Daddy and the Muscle Academy it shows a change in popular gender performativity in Tom of Finland’s art. In the documentary it explains that Tom’s art originally had to feature feminine, handsome young men. At the time, that’s what the popular performance was.

Performativity is often thought of in extremes, such as drag, but the truth is that everyone performs their gender in everyday life. It’s a process of iterability, “A regularized and constrained repetition of norms” (Jagose 87). This includes simple things, such as putting on makeup, shaving or not, and choosing your clothes. However it also includes more complex ideals, like behaviors and ways of speaking and presenting yourself.

Performing the identity of a gay man was often only seen as a feminine thing, and homosexuals weren’t actually thought of to be men. Tom of Finland’s art helped change that sort of thing. His art featured overly masculine men, with exaggerated masculine features. It really was the start of a new type of gay man, “The 1970’s utilized Tom’s drawings as a model for performing identity” (Lahti 188). Tom’s drawings were really the start of this image of a leather man, of having bikers, sailors, and police officers being represented in a homosexual, fetish-like way. It really showed the world that homosexual men were men.

It shows masculinity as being part of class and body. Being a strong, manual laborer is masculine in Tom’s world. This was unusual in the time period. Having the men be manual laborers, “naturalizes the display of seminaked muscular bodies” (Lahti 189), which is good in the context of avoiding censorship. Supposedly this was strategic in avoiding that restriction from the US Post Office. It helped spread his work and make it more popular due to this.

To say that his art is not problematic is a lie, despite having that sort of good impact there are also issues with racism, consent, and Nazism within his art. The black men in his art are often shown as rapists, which is a historically racist and incorrect portrayal. The Nazism is well explained in the context of his life, having it be based off of his own fantasies while he was a soldier in Finland.

There is also the issue of the men performing in a manner of hyper masculinity, which is extremely restrictive and difficult to completely achieve, especially for homosexual men. Though gay men began to set their own standards for masculinity through this, it still sticks to heterosexual standards of masculinity beyond heterosexuality. For the time, this was a very interesting change and nowhere near as problematic as it may be considered today. Many feminine gay men “converted” to leather men. In Daddy and the Muscle Academy, one man tells a story about being rejected by a leather man at a bar, and converting to a leather man afterwards in order to get more men like him. It was beyond successful, and he did actually manage to pick up the first man who rejected him earlier.

Tom’s art changed not only the way society viewed the homosexual man, but how homosexual men viewed themselves in their own community. There’s a new set of standards, a new subculture of gay men right along there with the ones that perform femininely. Despite the issues related to Tom’s art, within the community, Tom’s art signaled a big change of normalizing homosexuality as just another thing a man can be rather than a third sex.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

experts 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help you just now

delivery Starting from 3 hours delivery

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Daddy and the Muscle Academy, a Film by IIppo Pohjola: An Analysis. (2019, April 10). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 22, 2022, from
“Daddy and the Muscle Academy, a Film by IIppo Pohjola: An Analysis.” GradesFixer, 10 Apr. 2019,
Daddy and the Muscle Academy, a Film by IIppo Pohjola: An Analysis. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 May 2022].
Daddy and the Muscle Academy, a Film by IIppo Pohjola: An Analysis [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Apr 10 [cited 2022 May 22]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! This essay is not unique. You can get a 100% Plagiarism-FREE one in 30 sec

    Receive a 100% plagiarism-free essay on your email just for $4.99
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Don't use plagiarized sources. Get your custom essay. Get custom paper

    Haven't found the right essay?

    Get an expert to write you the one you need!


    Professional writers and researchers


    Sources and citation are provided


    3 hour delivery