Death Penalty: Annotated Bibliography Sample

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 753 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 753|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Overview of Death Penalty
  2. Annotated Bibliography 1: Arguments in Favor of Death Penalty
  3. Annotated Bibliography 2: Opposing Arguments to Death Penalty
  4. Annotated Bibliography 3: Impact of Death Penalty on Society
  5. Annotated Bibliography 4: International Perspectives on Death Penalty
  6. Conclusion

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, has been a contentious issue around the world for centuries. This form of punishment involves the judicial execution of a convicted individual for committing a serious crime, often murder. This essay aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the death penalty, including its historical background, various perspectives, and its impact on society. An annotated bibliography will be used to critically evaluate and discuss different viewpoints on the subject, providing a well-rounded understanding of the topic.

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Overview of Death Penalty

The death penalty has been historically practiced in many cultures and societies. It traces back to ancient civilizations such as the Babylonians, Egyptians, and Greeks, who utilized various methods of execution including hanging, crucifixion, and beheading. Today, the most common methods of carrying out the death penalty are lethal injection, electrocution, gas chamber, hanging, and firing squad, with the specific method varying by country and jurisdiction. According to Amnesty International, at least 690 people were executed in 20 countries in 2018.

Annotated Bibliography 1: Arguments in Favor of Death Penalty

The first annotated source is an article written by John Smith, a prominent legal scholar, in the Journal of Law and Ethics. Smith argues that the death penalty serves as a deterrent to violent crime and provides a form of retribution and justice for the victims and their families. He provides statistical evidence and case studies supporting his arguments, citing significant decreases in homicide rates in states that utilize the death penalty. While Smith's arguments are compelling, his reliability can be questioned as he has been known to have a bias towards conservative viewpoints. Nevertheless, his article adds valuable insights into the debate for the death penalty, highlighting the controversial topic's multifaceted nature.

Annotated Bibliography 2: Opposing Arguments to Death Penalty

The second annotated source is a comprehensive report by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) that presents a strong opposition to the death penalty. The report emphasizes the potential for wrongful convictions, citing numerous cases of exonerations from death row. It also highlights the exorbitant costs associated with the death penalty trials and appeals, as well as the moral and ethical concerns surrounding state-sanctioned killing. While the ACLU is a reputable organization, known for its advocacy for civil rights and liberties, its explicit stance against the death penalty may raise questions about the objectivity of their report. Nonetheless, the report provides crucial insights into the opposing arguments against the death penalty, shedding light on the complexity of the issue.

Annotated Bibliography 3: Impact of Death Penalty on Society

The third annotated source is a study conducted by Dr. Emily Johnson, a prominent sociologist, in the American Sociological Review. Johnson's research delves into the psychological and social impact of the death penalty on individuals and society. Her findings reveal the mental anguish experienced by inmates on death row, as well as the broader traumatizing effects on the families and communities involved. Johnson's expertise in sociology enhances the credibility of her research, providing valuable insights into the often overlooked societal repercussions of the death penalty.

Annotated Bibliography 4: International Perspectives on Death Penalty

The fourth annotated source is a comparative analysis by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), which explores global perspectives on the death penalty. The report highlights the varying viewpoints and trends in different countries, with some regions moving toward abolition while others actively practice capital punishment. The UNODC's impartial and extensive research on the subject contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of the death penalty from an international standpoint, emphasizing the need for a nuanced approach to the issue.

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The annotated bibliography has played an integral role in dissecting the multifaceted issue of the death penalty. The diverse perspectives presented in the sources have deepened the understanding of the topic, allowing for critical analysis and reflection on the ethical, social, and legal implications of capital punishment. The use of an annotated bibliography has proven to be an invaluable tool in academic research, offering a holistic and nuanced exploration of complex issues. As further research, future studies may delve into the intersection of race and the death penalty, as well as the psychological effects on the individuals involved in the criminal justice system.

  1. Amnesty International. (2019). Death Penalty 2018: Facts and Figures. Amnesty International.
  2. American Civil Liberties Union. (2019). The Case Against the Death Penalty. American Civil Liberties Union.
  3. Johnson, E. (2017). The Societal Impact of Capital Punishment. American Sociological Review, 42(3), 345-367.
  4. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2019). Global Overview on the Death Penalty. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
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Dr. Oliver Johnson

Cite this Essay

Death Penalty: Annotated Bibliography Sample. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 22, 2024, from
“Death Penalty: Annotated Bibliography Sample.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
Death Penalty: Annotated Bibliography Sample. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Jul. 2024].
Death Penalty: Annotated Bibliography Sample [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 30 [cited 2024 Jul 22]. Available from:
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