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Differences and Similarities Between The New England, Middle and Southern Colonies

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The three colonial regions are consisted of: the New England, Middle colonies, and Southern colonies. The New England colonies consist of (Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire). The Middle colonies consist of (Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey). The Southern colonies consist of (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia). 

The New England colonies (Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire) were economically dependent on the ocean. Fishing (Codfish) Is what they lived for economically it had helped them a lot in the beginning. New England eventually also grew wealthy by buying slaves from West Africa in return for rum and selling the slaves to the West Indies in return for molasses. That process was called the “Triangular Trade”. The New England colonies were mostly Puritans they had wanted to purify Christianity, New England was dominated by the church. The New England colonies endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers. Land was flat close to the coastline but got hilly and mountainous farther inland. Soil was generally rocky, making farming difficult.

The Middle colonies (Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey) were a successful and diverse economy they were Largely agricultural. Farms in the middle colony grew numerous kinds of crops, most notably grains and oats. The middle colonies never really had a set religion, anybody that was there could practically choose their religion because they were never forced to practice just one religion. Quakers, Catholics, Jews, Lutherans, and Presbyterians were some of the more popular religions in the middle colony though. The Middle colonies were just a tempered climate, with warm summers and cold winters. The Middle colonies were known as the ‘breadbasket’ because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here.

The Southern colonies (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia) economy was almost entirely based on farming. The south had something called cash crops which consist of (Rice, indigo, tobacco, sugarcane, and cotton). The Crops were grown on large plantations where slaves and indentured servants worked the land. In the Southern Colonies most of the original settlers from the Maryland colony were Catholic. Religion did not have the same impact on communities as in the New England colonies or the Mid-Atlantic colonies because people lived on plantations that were often distant and spread out from one another. The south had warm climate with hot summers and mild winters. The soil was perfect for farming and the growing season was longer than in any other region.

To sum up it should be noticed that each of these colonies: the New England, Middle and Southern, – have something that brings them together or something that will never made them the only successful colony.

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Differences and Similarities Between the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies. (2022, July 07). GradesFixer. Retrieved August 15, 2022, from
“Differences and Similarities Between the New England, Middle and Southern Colonies.” GradesFixer, 07 Jul. 2022,
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