Ethical and Societal Considerations of Surrogacy

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 679 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Aug 31, 2023

Words: 679|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Aug 31, 2023

Table of contents

  1. Background and Definitions
  2. Arguments in Favor of Surrogacy
  3. Ethical Concerns and Autonomy
  4. Financial Motivations and Socioeconomic Disparities
  5. Legal and Contractual Considerations
  6. Psychological Impact on Surrogates
  7. Child's Welfare and Identity
  8. Alternatives and Ethical Considerations
  9. Conclusion

The concept of surrogacy has gained significant prevalence in modern society, raising various ethical, legal, and social questions. The practice of surrogacy involves a surrogate mother carrying and giving birth to a child on behalf of intended parents. As surrogacy becomes more common, it is essential to examine the ethical implications and societal considerations that surround this complex issue. This essay aims to present and evaluate both sides of the argument regarding the ethical and societal aspects of surrogacy.

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Background and Definitions

Surrogacy can be defined as the arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another individual or couple. There are two primary types of surrogacy: traditional surrogacy, where the surrogate mother's egg is used, and gestational surrogacy, where the surrogate carries a child conceived using the intended parents' egg and sperm. The history of surrogacy dates back several decades, but its practice has evolved due to advancements in reproductive technology and changing social dynamics.

Arguments in Favor of Surrogacy

Supporters of surrogacy emphasize its potential to address various family-building challenges. For couples or individuals facing infertility, medical conditions, or same-sex partnerships, surrogacy can provide a viable means of achieving parenthood. The emotional and psychological benefits for intended parents cannot be underestimated, as surrogacy can fulfill their dreams of becoming parents and create strong family bonds. In this context, surrogacy can be seen as a way of creating families and fostering love and connection.

Ethical Concerns and Autonomy

However, ethical concerns loom over surrogacy arrangements. Some critics argue that surrogacy may lead to the exploitation and commodification of women's bodies. There are concerns about the agency of surrogate mothers, with questions arising about whether they have full autonomy in their decisions to carry a child for another family. The potential risks to the physical and emotional well-being of surrogates raise ethical questions about the morality of the practice.

Financial Motivations and Socioeconomic Disparities

The financial aspects of surrogacy are also significant ethical considerations. Surrogates are often financially compensated for their role, which has raised concerns about whether the practice perpetuates socioeconomic inequalities and potentially exploitative dynamics. Critics worry that commercializing reproductive labor may create an environment where women from disadvantaged backgrounds are driven to become surrogates due to financial motivations, rather than a genuine desire to help others.

Legal and Contractual Considerations

The legal frameworks and regulations surrounding surrogacy vary widely across different countries. The enforceability of surrogacy contracts and the protection of the rights of all parties involved—intended parents, surrogates, and the child—remain important considerations. It is necessary to examine whether current legal systems adequately address the complex web of relationships and responsibilities that surrogacy entails.

Psychological Impact on Surrogates

Another crucial aspect to consider is the potential psychological impact on surrogates. Carrying a child for another family is a profound emotional experience that can lead to psychological challenges during and after the surrogacy process. It is essential to explore whether surrogates are adequately prepared for the emotional demands of the role and whether they receive adequate psychological support throughout the journey.

Child's Welfare and Identity

The welfare of the child born through surrogacy is a paramount concern. Questions arise about how children will perceive their origin and whether they might face identity and psychological issues. It is crucial to analyze whether surrogacy arrangements adequately address the rights and emotional needs of the child, ensuring they have a supportive environment to grow and develop.

Alternatives and Ethical Considerations

While surrogacy presents an option for family building, it is essential to explore alternative means of parenthood, such as adoption or fostering. Each alternative comes with its ethical considerations, and the decision to pursue surrogacy must be weighed against these alternatives in terms of their ethical implications.

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The surrogacy debate is multifaceted, encompassing arguments from both proponents and critics. This essay has presented and evaluated various aspects of surrogacy, including its potential benefits, ethical concerns, and societal considerations. The complexities of the surrogacy debate underscore the need for careful policy, regulation, and ethical decision-making. As society grapples with the implications of surrogacy, it is crucial to strike a balance between the desire to create families and the ethical considerations that shape the practice.

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Cite this Essay

Ethical and Societal Considerations of Surrogacy. (2023, August 31). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 19, 2024, from
“Ethical and Societal Considerations of Surrogacy.” GradesFixer, 31 Aug. 2023,
Ethical and Societal Considerations of Surrogacy. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 19 Jul. 2024].
Ethical and Societal Considerations of Surrogacy [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Aug 31 [cited 2024 Jul 19]. Available from:
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