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Examining The Causes and Consequences of The War of 1812

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The War of 1812 has very complex roots, is a very confusing course, and the consequences of the war are also difficult to understand. Because both sides see themselves as winners I decided that it will be logical for “War of 1812” essay to analyse what was the main cause of the war, its main areas and whether the war was worth itself. 

The war of 1812 broke out during the so-called stagnation period in American history. This period was ridiculously crowned by the great historian Richard Hofstadter, ‘a dark and unproductive era of stagnant imitation culture, mismanagement, and limited control of violent civil war. And useless war. ‘So, as you can see from the beginning, the War of 1812 is not something America should be proud of. That is not true. Wars are mentioned in student textbooks, but unlike all other battles in which the country participated, they are not remembered outside the classroom. 

What was the main cause of the war? There were countless reasons that led to a clash between the United States (a country that has been independent for only 20 years) and its former home country, the United Kingdom. And only some of them were related to the events that were happening in Europe at the time. Reginald Horseman said, ‘The turmoil about the origin of the War of 1812 was mainly due to the fact that Britain’s position in the cause of the conflict was not paid attention to, and then the’ Western Expansion ‘It claims to have been very important. During World War I of the War of 1812, the British showed a vulgar contempt for the Americans, former British citizens who betrayed the King. Most of them were unaware of their right to independence, so they did not take the new nation seriously. At the same time, the Americans showed a negative attitude towards Britain, so there was mutual disgust. Of course, it would be ridiculous to claim that this is the main cause of the war. Because its roots can be traced deep into the volatile diplomatic relations of the United States with traditional European powers. As long as Americans like to think miraculously free from war and alliances with the Old World, it was very difficult to maintain their freedom during the war between Britain and France. In 1803, when Napoleon’s desire for hegemony in Europe created a new conflict between these two countries, both sides introduced a law and numerous councils depriving Americans of the right to neutral trade. Introduced the bylaws. It is a dedication to one country and is considered a sign of hostility towards another. As a result, the United States remained neutral throughout, but became a victim of foreign policy.

British law at the time imposed the most harm to the United States. British ships patrol the waters of the Atlantic Ocean and pass through American ports very close. They did this for the purpose of inspecting American merchant ships. The British used these Romans to solve the staffing problem by forcibly arresting British-born sailors. According to the British, the sailors were under His Majesty’s control and tried to include the captured Americans in their crew. By reviving the practice of forced conscription, they attracted a large workforce, and as a result, many Americans experienced all the pain of life in the Royal Navy. The capture of an American ship was a sensation in the United States, but when a British frigate fired at an American warship in 1807, killing three sailors and then capturing four suspected British men, anger turned into true anger. After the incident, American citizens called for war, but US President Jefferson hesitated. First, he realized that the country was not ready for war because the country had an army that was too small and poorly equipped. As President, Jefferson has minimized the size of the Army and Navy, and only a few ships are ready to serve the country. Nonetheless, Jefferson was a stubborn pacifist, saying, ‘War, and the troops and navy that had to fight them, brought nothing but debt, taxes, further war, and the destruction of the republic. I believed it was. ‘1. Under the US Constitution, only Congress has the power to declare war. The House of Representatives received the president’s message, with 79 lawmakers voting in favor of the declaration of war against England and 49 voting against it. All Republicans voted for the war, and the majority of federalists voted against it. The South also insisted on a war with Britain, but the North opposed it. For the next few years, Britain continued to provoke Americans, but that did not lead to war. President-elect Madison, like Jefferson, opposed the war and sincerely hoped to avoid it. He has taken many steps to prevent the war, one of which has urged Congress to pass a law prohibiting French and British ships from entering US ports. While the president was against the war, new members of Congress had no choice but to wage war. Therefore, on June 18, 1812, Parliament declared war on Britain. Perhaps the situation would have been different if he knew that for domestic reasons London had already decided to withdraw the Order in Council.

The main areas where the war was actually fought were the Great Lakes region-the St. Lawrence border between the United States and the United Kingdom’s North America. It was the region where all major struggles took place, including the United States, Great Britain, its colonies, and more than 40 indigenous peoples in eastern North America4. During the 1812 and 1813 campaigns, Americans’ reluctance to fight was evident, and attempts by the United States to occupy Canadian territory failed. British Maj. Gen. Isaac Brock proposed strengthening British troops in St. Joseph and Amherstburg and preparing to occupy Michiri McKinnack and Detroit as soon as the war broke out. He believed that victory was the only way to win Native American support early in the war, hoping that early defeat might discourage Americans who were hoping for an easy victory. Frustration can discourage them from facing the ongoing costs and difficulties of war5. British troops have succeeded in gradually strengthening the blockade of the American coast along its length. However, on September 10, 1813, the American fleet defeated the enemy on Lake Erie. ‘The Battle of Lake Erie can be seen as America’s first major victory in this war. It caused British troops to abandon Detroit and retreat towards Niagara. William Henry, October 5, 1813. General Harrison overtook the British Army and its Indian allies retreating on the Thames. He won a decisive victory, killing Indian leader Tecumseh and ending the fighting power of the Northwestern Indians6.

As a result, the United States managed to gain control of the western border. After defeating Napoleon in Europe in 1814, the United States was once again on the verge of defeat as Britain sent so much power to fight the Americans. The main areas of influence were New York (separated from the United States and other parts of New England), New Orleans (to block the Mississippi River), and the Chesapeake Bay area (which was a fraudulent operation). On August 24, 1814, British troops under Admiral George Cockburn occupied and burned Washington. The story is probably not well known because it is a painful memory of a humiliating episode7. However, on the outskirts of Baltimore in Fort McHenry, British troops encountered fierce resistance on September 13-14. In the north, one in 10,000 British troops acted as part of Montreal. Nevertheless, on September 11, the British Army was forced to retreat to Canada as US troops defeated the British fleet in Plattsburgh Bay and lost Navy support. Negotiations to conclude a peace treaty began in June 1814, and the Ghent Treaty was signed on December 24.

The agreement restored the prewar situation, but did not solve the territorial and economic problems that caused the war. It is also worth noting that Britain was unable to secure permanent reservations for the Indians during the Ghent peace talks and was at the mercy of the vast population who decided to conquer the land up to and beyond Mississippi. Even after the peace treaty was signed, on January 8, 1815, US troops under the command of later President Andrew Jackson unknowingly defeated British troops near New Orleans. However, under the terms of the peace treaty, the two parties returned to the prewar border and returned the occupied territories to each other. As a result, the United States was unable to join Canada, but was free to expand its territory to the west, and India’s land was formerly considered an ally of the British Empire. The Importance of the War of 1812 In Britain, the War of 1812 is not considered large and important.

Of course, given the scale of the war with France and the victims of that war, it is very clear that the Second War with the United States has not played an important role for Britain. But that was not the case in the United States. The outcome of the War of 1812 was decisive for a country as young as the United States. The end of the war did not mean a 100% victory over the enemy from the outside, but it did mean a Republican victory at home, and thus a defeat of the enemy. The War of 1812 brought about major changes in the situation of Native Americans. First and foremost, it helped effectively undermine Native Americans’ ability to resist the expansion of America east of the Mississippi River. By late 1815, the French and Spaniards had lost their position in North America, and by the end of the War of 1812, they were abandoned by British allies, and the Indians reluctantly landed north, south and north of the Ohio River. Abandoned most. West Alabama America to the US Government. Second, the war allowed the United States to redefine its border with Spain and strengthen control of lower Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico.

The United States did not defeat the British Empire, but fought against the most powerful forces in the world. Spain recognized the importance of this fact, and in 1819 Spanish leaders left Florida and agreed to a border with the United States that stretched toward the Pacific Ocean. The third factor, less importantly, is the upturn in American politics after the end of the war. For example, shortly after the war, dozens of Americans named the Federalist Party a traitor. As a result, the party never removed this label and disappeared from national affairs.

Looking at all the above facts, we must reach our own conclusions as to whether war is worth fighting. The question of the need for this war is very controversial, and there are many answers to it. So many people, so many hearts. That is natural. What is unusual is the fact that no one in the United States is actually talking about this war. As mentioned, students learn about it at school, but it’s about it. His anniversary has not been celebrated or honored, which seems very strange. I agree that this war can be humiliating to the country and its people, but it still happens and it is worth remembering those who fought in the war and died on the battlefield. In addition, war has played a very important role in American history. After defending independence for the second time, the US government realized that there was every opportunity for the country to be recognized and strong. Therefore, countries represented by President James Monroe have begun to express concern about the fate of the countries of the Western Hemisphere freed from colonial rule. In the future, it led to the adoption of Monroe Doctrine. This was regarded as a bold and proud declaration of the new powerful sovereign republic.

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Examining the Causes and Consequences of the War of 1812. (2023, February 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved March 24, 2023, from
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