Gender Divided: Stigma Created by Culture

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About this sample


Words: 1356 |

Pages: 3|

7 min read

Published: Sep 19, 2019

Words: 1356|Pages: 3|7 min read

Published: Sep 19, 2019

In the current worldview, men and women have been viewed as two separate beings both physically and psychologically (Lorber, 725). The inside and outside mapping of the bodies remain unchanged for centuries. The only variables are the justifications of gender inequality. Many people are familiar with the common comparison of both genders in sports, personal situations, and workplaces merely based on physiological or biological aspects. The set differences bring about separate genders that would not prevail without a culture that causes divisions, groupings, and categories. In the work of Judith Lober, she passionately digs deep into the issue of gender inequality pointing out how it all begins with basic physiological differences and the manner in that the society transforms those dissimilarities to sociopolitical from a biological aspect (Lorber, 733).

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This essay delves into the Lober’s persuasive literature that presents statistical evidence, evaluations based on research, and her opinion on gender issues that people face daily in the nation in the struggle for gender equality. Judith Lober is one of the widely read gender theorists in the modern world and that is cemented by her role as a professor at City University of New York and Brooklyn College where she teaches Women studies and Sociology. Lober’s decision to write about gender inequality is backed-up by her educational background. She has written a couple of books, among them: Gender Inequality: feminist theories and politics: Degendering and Feminist Change and Paradoxes (Evans, 24). Lober has been awarded a couple of awards due to her constant enlightening on issues pertaining to gender inequality.

In the lecture delivered by Lober, there were no particular events that happened to inspire her literature, but her inspiration was through a chain of situations and events she needed to convey to thoughtfulness to her listeners. The requisite was that there was or there is a socially based prerequisite to divide people. Lober’s literature clearly presents and discusses the specific inevitable reality that women and men are divided into females and males simply based on bodily variations (Lorber, 732). The creation of these two categories leads to stigmas that hold these genders back and dictate to the roles and responsibilities they must play by. Lober sees these are cultural creations that lead to division through rules that were enacted by generations of social influence. The extensive research was done by Lober, and her involvement in the feminist and socialist world, has allowed her to carry out massive studies and led to a developmental understanding of societal internal workings and reach a cogent conclusion that inspired her lecture. We can assume the audience the lecture was delivered to comprise of a couple of students, graduates, faculty and intrigued members of the Brooklyn College.

Currently, the audience has evolved and entailed of many readers from academic writing to an inquiry as well as Judith Lober’s followers. Through her intellectual capability and as a professor, her intentions were brought awareness to her readers and inspire some change in the society. On the other hand, it is evident that Lober wants to reach out to her sceptics when she states “I am not saying that physical variations between male and female bodies do not exist, but these differences are socially meaningless until social practices transform them into facts” (Lober, 731). That statement does not only bring a thought among sceptics and readers but also approaches the topic with a valid argument that strongly supports every statement made by Lober during her lecture.

In Lober’s transcribed speech, there is a lot of persuasive materials that seeks to persuade the audience with the use of rhetoric methods. The way she conveys valuable information with a normal ease that commendably sways the reader (Evans, 76). Basing on Lober’s ethos, she is allowed to deliver thorough and substantial information because of her background in gender studies and her constant envelopment in socialist and gender equality movement. Her coherent content is backed up using studies, interviews, and statistical data. For example, in her opening status, she gives a historical background of the creation and growth of power that divided the two genders (Lorber 732). The scientific studies and discoveries later created modern excuses for the society to produce variations that presented more struggles for women and these powers were created by man.

In further research, Lober presented an interview of six medical specialists conducted by Suzanne Kelser in 1990 (Lober, 727). In that study, it was discovered that children were either categorized as boy or girl depending on the size of their penis alone. It is unfortunate that many of the existing physiological attributes are the determinants of gender, and that provides the society with an opportunity to divide both genders depending on their physical characteristics. The same criteria are used in the Olympic Games where each partition is based on the existing natal factor of athletic ability and genetic material. Lober’s application of pathos assists her in connecting with her listeners and readers, as well as her studies in many ways.

Being a female, it is apparent that she has firsthand experience with issues of sexism and gender discrimination. As an educated professor and renowned scholar, one can easily guarantee she has experienced her share of sceptics and doubters that only acted as building blocks for her valued opinion and research. On the other hand, Lober uses the word ‘we’ in the closing remarks of her lecture so as to connect with her followers and audience (Lober, 733). The intentional association with the audience makes her be on the same level as them, rather than being superior. Her association with the audience makes her part of the cultural stigma and automatically includes herself as part of the society.

Throughout her lecture, she provides facts and studies that are undeniable on issues of gender inequality, Lober points out to her listeners that as a culture there is a tendency of grouping things and people into definite groups. That split is evident among religious affiliations, ethnic groups, genders, and scholastic backgrounds. Regardless of the truth of the existing biological differences, it is socially “right” to point out those differences and afterward bring a valedictory that not only lacks understanding and acceptance, but cause hazardous generalizations concerning each gender’s desires, aptitudes, and conventional behaviours. The issue of femininity inequality is not, and has not existed for a while, just a woman issue (Evans, 88). Males are wedged by the social stigmas same as females. Conversely, that stigma does not come with the division of the financial situation existing among them and workplaces. The society expects men to be the breadwinner and be masculine possessing the power that permits them not only to harm women but also to inflict self-harm. It is therefore wise for such men to step in and be part if this change. Lober states that, “when we rely on the conventional categories of sex and gender, we end up finding what we looked for- we see what we believe whether it is that “females” and “males” are essentially different or that “women” and “men” are essentially the same” (Lober, 733). She uses that statement as part of her closing remarks during the lecture and also sums up this essay into one effective statement.

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A huge percentage of her lecture, Lober constantly discusses the reasons for gender disparity and why culture is culpable for the current situation. She employs knowledgeable research, numerical data, and her academics contextual to present her arguments that despite the biotic differences among men and women, they should exist no separation whatsoever. Physiological factors should not be used as the determinants of how a person should live their lives. Lober is able to gather intellectual evidence of how the society values groups and categories and does that by explaining the harm of each gender divider. There is a strong connection that is created by Lober as she presents her point of view and facts with ease and grace. The talk does not only bring a fresh dawn to an already existing battle of gender inequality, but also as the readers a rhetoric question “what are you going to do about it?”

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Gender Divided: Stigma Created by Culture. (2019, August 27). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 29, 2024, from
“Gender Divided: Stigma Created by Culture.” GradesFixer, 27 Aug. 2019,
Gender Divided: Stigma Created by Culture. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 29 Feb. 2024].
Gender Divided: Stigma Created by Culture [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Aug 27 [cited 2024 Feb 29]. Available from:
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