Green Building with Concrete

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 2419 |

Pages: 5|

13 min read

Published: Sep 14, 2018

Words: 2419|Pages: 5|13 min read

Published: Sep 14, 2018


Table of contents

  1. Introduction: The construction industry in Tanzania
  2. Green Concrete: A Sustainable Solution
  3. Factors Influencing Concrete Selection
  4. Conclusion

Introduction: The construction industry in Tanzania

The construction industry plays a pivotal role in shaping the economic landscape of Tanzania, encompassing a wide array of sectors ranging from transportation infrastructure and real estate to civil works such as water supply systems. The significance of this industry is evident in its substantial contribution to Tanzania's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to the Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), in 2015, the construction sector accounted for 13.6% of the country's GDP, amounting to a staggering USD 6 billion. Moreover, during 2016 and 2017, the Tanzanian government allocated TZS 5.47 trillion, equivalent to 25.4% of the total budget (excluding public debt service), to support infrastructure development projects. These statistics underscore the pivotal role of the construction sector, not only within Tanzania but also within the global context.

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However, as the construction industry continues to grow and expand its footprint, it also faces the mounting challenge of environmental sustainability. The construction industry, worldwide, is notorious for its resource-intensive nature, high energy consumption, and substantial waste generation, all of which contribute to environmental degradation and climate change. In response to these challenges, green building technology has emerged as a beacon of hope for sustainable construction practices. Green buildings are conceived and designed with the overarching objective of minimizing their ecological footprint, promoting energy efficiency, conserving vital resources, and drastically reducing waste generation. In the face of global climate change and the urgent need for sustainable development, green building practices have garnered momentum.

At the heart of the green building movement lies the innovative utilization of eco-friendly construction materials. Among these materials, green concrete has emerged as a noteworthy contender in the quest for sustainable construction. Green concrete distinguishes itself from conventional concrete primarily through the incorporation of industrial by-products, such as fly ash and slag, as replacements for traditional cement. These industrial by-products, which would otherwise find their way into landfills, are repurposed to enhance the environmental credentials of concrete, making it a responsible and sustainable choice.

Green Concrete: A Sustainable Solution

Green concrete stands as a testament to the construction industry's evolution towards more environmentally responsible practices. Its properties and behavior, when compared to traditional concrete, reveal a compelling case for its adoption in Tanzania's construction landscape.

One of the defining characteristics of green concrete is its commitment to reducing environmental degradation. By incorporating industrial by-products like fly ash and slag as cement replacements, green concrete significantly curtails carbon emissions and minimizes its carbon footprint. This is a crucial aspect given that the production of traditional cement, one of concrete's principal components, is associated with substantial energy consumption and the release of carbon dioxide (CO2). Green concrete, therefore, offers a practical solution for reducing the construction industry's environmental impact, aligning with global sustainability goals.

Moreover, green concrete boasts a portfolio of advantageous properties, making it an attractive choice for sustainable construction. Its enhanced durability, improved resistance to corrosion, and reduced greenhouse gas emissions position it as a viable and responsible alternative to traditional concrete. In an era marked by heightened environmental consciousness and a growing awareness of the need for sustainable practices, green concrete emerges as a promising candidate for the construction industry.

Factors Influencing Concrete Selection

The selection of construction materials, including concrete, is influenced by a myriad of factors, each playing a pivotal role in the decision-making process. Contractors, consultants, and clients are the primary stakeholders shaping these choices. Understanding these influential factors is instrumental in gauging the adoption of green concrete in Tanzania.

Among the key factors influencing concrete selection is the level of knowledge and awareness surrounding green materials. Awareness drives the willingness to embrace sustainable alternatives. However, the perceived cost-effectiveness of green concrete can be a determining factor, as construction projects often operate within tight budget constraints. Additionally, challenges encountered during the transition from traditional to green construction practices can pose barriers to adoption. Acknowledging and addressing these challenges are essential steps towards the widespread acceptance of green concrete in Tanzania's construction industry.


In conclusion, green concrete epitomizes the construction industry's commitment to sustainable and environmentally responsible practices. As Tanzania's construction sector continues to grow and evolve, the adoption of green concrete presents an opportunity to reduce the industry's environmental impact, enhance long-term durability, and embrace a more sustainable future.

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The remarkable properties and behavior of green concrete position it as a formidable contender in the quest for eco-friendly construction materials. Factors influencing concrete selection must be understood and addressed to facilitate its wider adoption. By integrating green concrete into the construction landscape, Tanzania can play a significant role in advancing sustainable building practices, contributing to global efforts to combat climate change, and promoting a more environmentally responsible and economically viable construction industry. The evolution towards green concrete signifies a transformative step towards a more sustainable and resilient future for Tanzania's construction sector.


  1. Rao, M. V., & Bhagavan, G. S. (2017). Green concrete for eco-friendly construction: A review on performance characteristics. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 263(3), 032019.
  2. Ismail, Z., & Ramli, M. (2020). Sustainable construction materials: Evaluation of green concrete as a viable alternative. Sustainability, 12(21), 9117.
  3. Bompa, D. V., Vasile, D. V., & Tusa, G. S. (2019). Green concrete: An environmental-friendly building material. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 18(4), 697-708.
  4. Daghigh, Y., Dehghan, A. A., & Naghibdehi, M. (2021). A comprehensive review on the development of green concrete. Sustainable Materials and Technologies, 28, e00232.
  5. Tanzania Green Building Council. (2014). About us. [Website].
  6. United Nations Development Programme. (2018). Sustainable Development Goals. [Website].
  7. International Finance Corporation. (2019). Green Building Certification in Emerging Markets: Insights for Policymakers.
  8. Lu, D. (2013). Sustainable green concrete with industrial by-products: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 43, 719-729.
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Green Building with Concrete. (2018, September 27). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 25, 2024, from
“Green Building with Concrete.” GradesFixer, 27 Sept. 2018,
Green Building with Concrete. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 Feb. 2024].
Green Building with Concrete [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Sept 27 [cited 2024 Feb 25]. Available from:
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