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Halfway Reality Or a Full-scale Fantasy: Plato's 'The Republic' and 'The Allegory of The Cave"

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The greater part of us imagine that the world exists essentially as it is perceived; feelings, emotions, and thought constitutes the this-worldly reality we live in. Most of us know what is real, know the sounds of the world, and know-how to convey that understanding through a shared knowledge only capable through the human existence of life. Oftentimes, the universal truths in life that we cannot justify as truth, such as death, and what happens after the fact, are explained in different spiritual phenoms and systematic beliefs of opinion which basis is rooted in the fear of the unknown. No one would dare question these truths; the people that do are often turned into social pariahs. The uncertainty of not knowing these truths have ultimately been explained and justified by thousands of religions that control the majority of the world population. Why is this? The films, The Matrix and 1984 aim to challenge both Neo and Emmanuel Goldstein’s notions of reality and summons both characters’ to escape the depths of their own ignorance.

The fear of the unknown produces self-incomprehension that is learned, shared, and taught through the ideas of reason and rhetoric; ultimately, the infliction of the ruling perceived thought and use of imagination is used to repress the humanities unknowns. To additionally see how self-ignorance is shared and delivered by the ruling beliefs, we should take a look at Plato’s, ‘The Republic’ and ‘The Allegory of the Cave” that proposes what individuals take to be ‘reality’ altogether is just a halfway reality or a full-scale fantasy. As in all comparative rationality, the moral story is layered, however, it is half about parting from standard reasoning and looking for individual information; the climb of viewpoint; being in a cave, and leaving a cave. It’s about how we can climb from the base to stand up close and personal with the brilliant Sun. 

‘1984’ is about authoritarianism and the destiny of a man who attempted to escape from an extreme political routine. Citizens of Oceana are forced to watch hateful political propaganda in order for the ruling regime to instill their ideas into the citizen’s conscience. In Aristotle’s, “Rhetoric”, Aristotle makes the assumption about effective persuasion. Aristotle suggests that persuasion may be the most effective when “the speech stirs their emotions… judgments when we are pleased and friendly are not the same when we are pained and hostile”. This idea holds value as to why it is effective for the big brother regime in the film. The film also questions the epistemology of individualism and thought. When and what should we doubt? When and what should we believe? Winston is conscious of certain falsehoods and starts to scrutinize the Inter-Party leader and look for truths. Winston’s end is definitely not a glad one; similar to the arrival of the detainee speculated in ‘The Allegory of the Cave,’ he questions to leave the cave just to be closed in and pummeled. Today, people can transmute from dull tedious ‘thought’ into rose brilliant reasoning, yet as our personalities are liberated, we eventually find that our society is implanted with a progression of standards, structures, and norms, that sustain false symbolism, protecting the norm from the ‘risk’ of individual reasoning. Reason learned through the Socratic method shape Winston’s moves he makes by addressing these uncertainties and in the end achieving the truth from O’Brien. 

‘The Matrix’, raises epistemological questions the human conscious experience and its ability to understand the external world and the understanding of the universe. Neo finds that the world in which he dwells is really an intricate recreation—a vivid computerized façade produced by artificial intelligence which cultivates the bioelectricity of individuals to fuel a battle of mastery in the ‘true’ world. The people are kept in an oblivious state in podlike compartments, connected to a PC. Everything on the planet, autos, structures, urban areas, and nations are a piece of a perplexing computer-generated simulation called the Matrix inside which the people communicate. All that they see, smell, and hear is a piece of this virtual build and doesn’t generally exist. A PC program simply animates their minds and misdirects them into trusting that they are living true lives, working and interfacing together. They are altogether blinded to reality about how and why they exist. The motion pictures’ center theme analyzes the possibility that individuals can be blinded to truths about their reality, helpless to know any better. Morpheus tells Neo that everything he’s at any point known as life is a lie. These certainties are inductive and make Neo cognitive dessistant. The world as he has known it radically shifts and goes against is perceived values. Morpheus’ questions correlate directly with the cynicism theory, cynic leader Diogenes suggested that all trappings of mankind are acquired. 

Self-ignorance is reflective of falsehoods made to be truths. We utilize the fear of not knowing to impact our reality. Natural truths that can be demonstrated in fact by science are regularly never challenged however accepted, as human truths fall into the depths of uncertainty. The logic so mutilated that it persuades the majority. The fear of the unknown truth produces self-ignorance that is found out, shared, and educated through the thoughts of reason and talk; ultimately, the power of the decision of mass thought and use of imagination is used to repress the humanities unknowns.  

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Halfway Reality Or A Full-Scale Fantasy: Plato’s ‘The Republic’ And ‘The Allegory Of The Cave”. (2022, April 29). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 17, 2022, from
“Halfway Reality Or A Full-Scale Fantasy: Plato’s ‘The Republic’ And ‘The Allegory Of The Cave”.” GradesFixer, 29 Apr. 2022,
Halfway Reality Or A Full-Scale Fantasy: Plato’s ‘The Republic’ And ‘The Allegory Of The Cave”. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 17 May 2022].
Halfway Reality Or A Full-Scale Fantasy: Plato’s ‘The Republic’ And ‘The Allegory Of The Cave” [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2022 Apr 29 [cited 2022 May 17]. Available from:
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