Historical Account of The Greek City-state: Athens

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 479 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jan 29, 2024

Words: 479|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jan 29, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Origins of Athens
  2. Political Structure of Athens
  3. Cultural Achievements of Athens
  4. Contributions to Western Civilization
  5. Conclusion

Ancient Greece is known for its rich history, culture, and contributions to Western civilization. Among the many Greek city-states, Athens stands out as a significant political and cultural center. This essay will provide a historical account of the Greek city-state of Athens, highlighting its origins, political structure, cultural achievements, and contributions to Western civilization.

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Origins of Athens

Athens, the capital of modern-day Greece, is located in the Attica region and has a history dating back more than 3,000 years. The earliest settlements in the area can be traced back to the Neolithic period, around 3000 BCE. The city's name is derived from Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and warfare, who, according to mythology, won a contest against Poseidon to become the patron deity of the city.

Political Structure of Athens

Athens underwent a series of political transitions, beginning as a monarchy and later evolving into an aristocracy. However, it was the reforms of Cleisthenes in 508 BCE that led to the establishment of democracy in Athens. The political institutions of Athenian democracy included the Assembly, where male citizens gathered to discuss and vote on laws, the Council of 500, responsible for proposing laws, and the courts for legal disputes. These democratic institutions were revolutionary for their time and set a precedent for future societies.

Cultural Achievements of Athens

Athens was a center of artistic and intellectual innovation, producing monumental architectures such as the Parthenon and the Acropolis. The city also gave birth to dramatic theater, with playwrights like Aeschylus and Sophocles creating timeless tragedies. Additionally, Athens was the birthplace of Western philosophy, with renowned figures like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle shaping the foundations of Western thought. The city's artistic endeavors were also evident in its sculptures, particularly the work of Phidias, whose statue of Athena Parthenos was considered a masterpiece of ancient Greek art.

Contributions to Western Civilization

The legacy of Athens extends far beyond its own time and place. The development of democracy as a political system in ancient Athens laid the groundwork for modern democratic societies. Greek philosophy, with its emphasis on reason and inquiry, continues to influence Western thought and education. The art, architecture, and drama of ancient Athens have also left a lasting mark on Western culture, inspiring countless artists and scholars throughout history.

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The Greek city-state of Athens played a pivotal role in shaping the course of Western civilization. Its origins, political structure, cultural achievements, and contributions have left an indelible mark on the world. By studying the history of Athens, we not only gain insight into the past but also a deeper understanding of the foundations of our own society and culture.

  1. Plutarch. "The Life of Theseus." Parallel Lives, 75 CE.
  2. Herodotus. Histories, 5th century BCE.
  3. Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War, 5th century BCE.
  4. Aristotle. Politics, 4th century BCE.
  5. Euripides. The Bacchae, 5th century BCE.
  6. Plato. The Republic, 4th century BCE.
  7. Lucas, David. "The Parthenon Frieze. British Museum." Art History, vol. 8, no. 2, 1985, pp. 207-224.
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Historical Account of the Greek City-State: Athens. (2024, January 29). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 17, 2024, from
“Historical Account of the Greek City-State: Athens.” GradesFixer, 29 Jan. 2024,
Historical Account of the Greek City-State: Athens. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 17 Apr. 2024].
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