close
test_template

The Parthenon in Athens: Form, Location, Layout

download print

About this sample

About this sample

close

Words: 437 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jan 4, 2019

Words: 437|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jan 4, 2019

Form

The Parthenon in Athens was constructed in the style of the Ancient Greek Doric order, whilst the Temple of Apollo in Didyma was constructed in the Ionic order. This differentiation was due to location and time period, for example the Parthenon was constructed in mainland Greece between 447-438BC whilst the Temple of Apollo was constructed in 300BC in Asia minor. This has caused both temples to show differences in style and form.

'Why Violent Video Games Shouldn't Be Banned'?

The Parthenon shows Doric properties, for example the columns are thick and short and little decoration or detail is displayed on the capital. Due to the Temple of Apollo showing Ionic properties, the columns are much thinner, they have volutes (spiral scroll on the capital) and the quantity of columns is much greater. The Columns on the Parthenon also sit straight onto the platform of the temple, this is due to the thickness and height of the columns, however due to the Temple of Apollo having slender tall columns they need to sit on a rectangular base section.

Location/Site

There is also a variation in the foundations and location of the temples, The Parthenon was designed to be seen and admired form a distance, therefore it is located on high ground, on the other hand the Temple of Apollo is located on flat ground, this means that a higher base is needed to give the same sense of magnitude.

Layout

Due to the Parthenon being a Doric temple it features a rectangular floor plan with a series of steps surrounding the outer perimeter, columns are then located around the periphery of the space. The columns are used to support the roof of the structure, 6 Columns are also positioned at the entrance of the temple. The interior consists of 2 central rooms, the larger room is used as an inner sanctuary whilst the smaller room acts as a treasury (Reed.edu, n.d.). The Apollo temple has more steps to climb before reaching the temple, 7 in total, compared to the Parthenon’s 3 (En.wikipedia.org, 2018).

Get a custom paper now from our expert writers.

The Apollo temple also has more columns spread down the perimeter of the space and double the number of rows running down the side of the temple. The inside of the Apollo temple does not have a roof, instead there is a large open sanctuary that is accessed by two passages which descend into the dark, this opens into the sun lit inner sanctuary (Penelope.uchicago.edu, n.d.). This shows that although both temples are used as a religious monument the use of space is different, this is due to the Parthenon offering an internal area for religious activities whilst the temple of Apollo offers an external area.

Image of Dr. Oliver Johnson
This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Oliver Johnson

Cite this Essay

The Parthenon in Athens: form, location, layout. (2019, January 03). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 17, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-parthenon-in-athens-form-location-layout/
“The Parthenon in Athens: form, location, layout.” GradesFixer, 03 Jan. 2019, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-parthenon-in-athens-form-location-layout/
The Parthenon in Athens: form, location, layout. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-parthenon-in-athens-form-location-layout/> [Accessed 17 Apr. 2024].
The Parthenon in Athens: form, location, layout [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Jan 03 [cited 2024 Apr 17]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-parthenon-in-athens-form-location-layout/
copy
Keep in mind: This sample was shared by another student.
  • 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help
  • Custom essay delivered in as few as 3 hours
Write my essay

Still can’t find what you need?

Browse our vast selection of original essay samples, each expertly formatted and styled

close

Where do you want us to send this sample?

    By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.

    close

    Be careful. This essay is not unique

    This essay was donated by a student and is likely to have been used and submitted before

    Download this Sample

    Free samples may contain mistakes and not unique parts

    close

    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.

    close

    Thanks!

    Please check your inbox.

    We can write you a custom essay that will follow your exact instructions and meet the deadlines. Let's fix your grades together!

    clock-banner-side

    Get Your
    Personalized Essay in 3 Hours or Less!

    exit-popup-close
    We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!
    • Instructions Followed To The Letter
    • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
    • Unique And Plagiarism Free
    Order your paper now