History of Christianity

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About this sample


Words: 541 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 541|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Early Christianity
  2. Roman Empire and Christianization
  3. Great Schism and the East-West Split
  4. Protestant Reformation
  5. Colonialism and Christian Missions
  6. Modern Christianity
  7. Conclusion
  8. References

Christianity is one of the largest and most influential religions in the world. Throughout its long history, Christianity has undergone various stages of development, which have shaped its doctrines, practices, and beliefs. This essay explores the history of Christianity and its development throughout different stages, highlighting key events and influential figures.

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Early Christianity

The origins of Christianity can be traced back to the Middle East in the early first century CE. Jesus Christ, the founder of Christianity, preached a message of love and salvation, which attracted a sizable following. Jesus' teachings were based on the belief in one God and the importance of forgiveness and redemption. After his crucifixion, his followers continued to spread his message, forming early Christian communities throughout the Mediterranean region.

Roman Empire and Christianization

During the early centuries of Christianity, the Roman Empire was hostile towards Christians, and persecution was common. However, in the fourth century, Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and issued the Edict of Milan, which granted religious freedom to Christians. The Council of Nicaea, convened by Constantine in 325 CE, helped to establish a central doctrine of the Christian faith, the Nicene Creed, which was widely accepted throughout the Roman Empire.

Great Schism and the East-West Split

Despite efforts towards unity, divisions began to emerge within the Christian Church, leading to the Great Schism of 1054 CE. The split was largely due to differences in theology and practices between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. The final split resulted in the establishment of two separate branches of Christianity, the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches.

Protestant Reformation

In the sixteenth century, Protestants emerged in Europe, led by key reformers such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, and others. The Protestant reformers challenged the authority of the Catholic Church and sought to reform its practices and doctrines. The invention of the printing press helped to spread Protestant ideas throughout Europe, leading to significant changes and challenges for the Catholic Church.

Colonialism and Christian Missions

During the era of colonialism, European powers played a significant role in spreading Christianity throughout the world. Christian missionaries were often sent to non-Christian territories to convert the local populations. The growth of Christianity in Africa, Asia, and the Americas was largely due to the efforts of these missionaries and the Christian communities they helped to establish.

Modern Christianity

In the twentieth century, new Christian movements emerged, such as evangelicalism and Pentecostalism, which emphasized personal conversion experiences and the importance of the Holy Spirit. Ecumenism, an effort towards Christian unity, also gained momentum during this time, seeking to bring together different Christian denominations under one umbrella. Today, Christianity faces various contemporary issues and challenges, such as secularization, social justice, and the role of religion in society.

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Christianity is a complex and diverse religion, with a rich history and many important developments throughout its long history. Understanding the history of Christianity is crucial for understanding its present-day practices and beliefs. As a global religion, Christianity continues to play a significant role in the lives of millions of people, shaping world events and influencing cultures worldwide.


  1. Johnson, P. (2015). A history of Christianity: The first three thousand years. Harper Collins.
  2. McGrath, A. (2017). Christianity: An introduction. John Wiley & Sons.
  3. Pelikan, J. (2011). The Christian tradition: A history of the development of doctrine, vol. 1. University of Chicago Press.
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Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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History of Christianity. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 18, 2024, from
“History of Christianity.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
History of Christianity. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 18 May 2024].
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