I, Too by Langston Hughes: Symbolism and Racial Equality

download print

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 550 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Mar 7, 2024

Words: 550|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Mar 7, 2024


Symbolism is a powerful literary technique used to convey deeper meanings and messages in a text. The poem "I, Too" by Langston Hughes is a prime example of how symbolism can enhance the overall theme and impact of a work. Through the use of symbolism, Hughes effectively explores themes of racial equality, empowerment, and resilience. This essay will delve into the various symbols employed in "I, Too" and analyze their significance in conveying the poet's message.

'Why Violent Video Games Shouldn't Be Banned'?

One prominent symbol in "I, Too" is the kitchen, which represents the marginalization and oppression experienced by African Americans during the time the poem was written. The kitchen is traditionally associated with servants and domestic work, depicting a hierarchical power structure where African Americans were relegated to subservient roles. By incorporating the kitchen into his poem, Hughes highlights the racial segregation that permeated society. Moreover, the poet conveys a sense of resilience as the speaker declares, "They'll see how beautiful I am and be ashamed," indicating a desire to challenge and subvert the limitations imposed upon them.

Another significant symbol in the poem is the dining table, which symbolizes equality and the speaker's ultimate triumph over discrimination. The dining table is a metaphorical space where individuals come together, share meals, and engage in meaningful conversations. In "I, Too," the speaker envisions a time when African Americans will no longer be excluded from this communal setting. The line, "Tomorrow, I'll be at the table," illustrates the speaker's confidence and anticipation of their rightful place in society. Through this symbol, Hughes emphasizes the resilience and determination of African Americans to secure equal rights and recognition.

Furthermore, Hughes employs the symbol of the "darker brother" to represent African Americans in general. The phrase denotes a collective identity and highlights the shared struggles and experiences faced by the black community. By referring to themselves as the "darker brother," the speaker asserts a sense of unity and solidarity. This symbol also challenges the prevailing notion of white superiority and advocates for racial harmony. Hughes aims to humanize African Americans and dispel stereotypes by emphasizing their inherent worth and equality.

In addition to the aforementioned symbols, the "invisible man" represents the societal invisibility and marginalization of African Americans. Throughout history, African Americans have often been overlooked, disregarded, and rendered invisible in the eyes of the dominant white culture. In "I, Too," the speaker proclaims, "I, too, am America," asserting their existence and significance within the fabric of the nation. This symbolism highlights the importance of acknowledging and valuing the contributions of African Americans to society, dispelling the notion of invisibility and demanding recognition for their voices and experiences.

Get a custom paper now from our expert writers.


In "I, Too," Langston Hughes effectively employs symbolism to convey powerful messages about racial equality, empowerment, and resilience. The symbols of the kitchen, the dining table, the darker brother, and the invisible man all contribute to the overall theme of the poem. Through these symbols, Hughes highlights the historical marginalization of African Americans while also expressing hope for a more equitable future. The use of symbolism enriches the poem, allowing readers to engage with its underlying meanings and encouraging a deeper understanding of the African American experience. Ultimately, "I, Too" stands as a testament to the enduring spirit and unwavering determination of marginalized communities in their pursuit of justice and equality.

Image of Dr. Charlotte Jacobson
This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

I, Too by Langston Hughes: Symbolism and Racial Equality. (2024, March 07). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“I, Too by Langston Hughes: Symbolism and Racial Equality.” GradesFixer, 07 Mar. 2024,
I, Too by Langston Hughes: Symbolism and Racial Equality. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
I, Too by Langston Hughes: Symbolism and Racial Equality [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 07 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:
Keep in mind: This sample was shared by another student.
  • 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help
  • Custom essay delivered in as few as 3 hours
Write my essay

Still can’t find what you need?

Browse our vast selection of original essay samples, each expertly formatted and styled


Where do you want us to send this sample?

    By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.


    Be careful. This essay is not unique

    This essay was donated by a student and is likely to have been used and submitted before

    Download this Sample

    Free samples may contain mistakes and not unique parts


    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    We can write you a custom essay that will follow your exact instructions and meet the deadlines. Let's fix your grades together!


    Get Your
    Personalized Essay in 3 Hours or Less!

    We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!
    • Instructions Followed To The Letter
    • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
    • Unique And Plagiarism Free
    Order your paper now