Iran Protests: Economic Consequences of Civic Unrest

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 639 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Oct 25, 2023

Words: 639|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Oct 25, 2023

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. The Economic Impact of the Protests
  3. The Role of Labor Unions and Civil Society Groups
  4. Conclusion


In late 2017 and early 2018, Iran experienced a wave of protests that shook the nation. These protests were driven by a myriad of grievances, including economic hardships, political repression, and concerns over civil liberties. While the protests were a significant moment in Iran's modern history, their economic consequences were profound and far-reaching. This essay explores the impact of the protests on the Iranian economy and examines the role of labor unions and other civil society groups in the protests.

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The Economic Impact of the Protests

The Iran protests disrupted economic activities across the country. As thousands of Iranians took to the streets to voice their dissatisfaction with the government, businesses, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, faced challenges in operating normally. Roadblocks, strikes, and protests hindered the movement of goods and people, impacting supply chains and causing economic disruption.

One of the immediate economic consequences of the protests was a surge in inflation and currency depreciation. The uncertainty surrounding the protests led to a loss of confidence in the Iranian rial, causing it to weaken significantly. This depreciation contributed to higher import costs, leading to increased prices for essential goods, including food and fuel. Inflation eroded the purchasing power of Iranians, making it more difficult for them to afford basic necessities.

The protests also had a chilling effect on investment and business confidence in Iran. Both domestic and foreign investors were wary of committing to new projects or expanding their operations in a climate of political unrest. Uncertainty regarding the future of Iran's political landscape deterred economic stakeholders from making long-term investments, negatively impacting economic growth prospects.

In response to the protests and the economic challenges they revealed, the Iranian government initiated several economic reforms. These reforms aimed to address issues such as corruption and economic mismanagement. However, their effectiveness remained a subject of debate, with critics arguing that they did not go far enough in addressing the root causes of economic discontent.

The Role of Labor Unions and Civil Society Groups

Labor unions played a significant role in the Iran protests. They mobilized workers from various sectors, including education, healthcare, and manufacturing, to join the protests. Labor unions advocated for workers' rights, including better wages, improved working conditions, and job security. The protests provided a platform for labor unions to voice their grievances and press for change.

Civil society groups, including human rights organizations and women's rights advocates, also actively participated in the protests. They highlighted issues related to political repression, gender inequality, and civil liberties. These groups used social media and traditional advocacy channels to raise awareness about their causes and amplify their demands.

Labor unions and civil society groups collaborated and showed solidarity during the protests. Their coordination strengthened the overall impact of the demonstrations and underscored the unity of various segments of Iranian society in their dissatisfaction with the government. This collaboration helped draw international attention to the protests and the issues they raised.


The Iran protests of 2017-2018 had profound economic consequences, ranging from the disruption of economic activities to inflation and currency depreciation. These economic challenges highlighted the underlying grievances of the Iranian people, including economic hardship and political repression. The protests also prompted the Iranian government to initiate economic reforms, although the extent of their effectiveness remains a subject of debate.

Labor unions and civil society groups played crucial roles in the protests, advocating for workers' rights and highlighting broader issues related to human rights and civil liberties. Their coordination and solidarity strengthened the protests and amplified their impact on both the domestic and international stages.

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In conclusion, the Iran protests were not only a moment of civic unrest but also a reflection of deep-seated economic and political discontent among the Iranian population. The protests and their economic consequences serve as a reminder of the complex challenges facing Iran and the importance of addressing the concerns of its citizens to achieve stability and prosperity.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Oliver Johnson

Cite this Essay

Iran Protests: Economic Consequences of Civic Unrest. (2023, October 25). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 21, 2024, from
“Iran Protests: Economic Consequences of Civic Unrest.” GradesFixer, 25 Oct. 2023,
Iran Protests: Economic Consequences of Civic Unrest. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 21 Jun. 2024].
Iran Protests: Economic Consequences of Civic Unrest [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Oct 25 [cited 2024 Jun 21]. Available from:
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