Issues Over The Use of Genetic Modification Technology

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871 words

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Table of contents

  1. Current Use Of Genetically Modified Technology
  2. Risks and Controversies Encompassing the Utilization of GMOs
    Unintended Impacts on Different Species: The Bt Corn Contestation
    Unintended Economic Consequences
    GMOs and Also the General Public: Philosophical and Non-secular Considerations
    Increased Research and Improved Safety Go Hand in Hand
  3. Conclusion
  4. References

People have been trying to replace the genomes of plans and animals since years ago by many traditional techniques like breeding. They select the best features from the specific kind of animals/plants to create a new better generation. However, this technique has been limited to naturally occuring variations. By time, people find that we can control over the genetic changes in genetic engineering fields by a modern solution: Genetically Modification Technology. Today, we complete the technology of incorporating new genes from one species into another new spieces using the Genetically Modification Technology, optimizing agricultural performance or faciliating the producing method of pharmaceutical substances.

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Current Use Of Genetically Modified Technology

Many industries stand to learn from extra GMO analysis. for example, variety of microorganisms are being thought of as future clean fuel producers and biodegraders. Additionally, genetically changed plants could sometime be wont to turn out recombinant vaccines. In fact, the conception of AN oral immunogen expressed in plants (fruits and vegetables) for direct consumption by people is being examined as a doable resolution to the unfold of unwellness in underdeveloped countries, one that will greatly cut back the prices related to conducting large-scale vaccination campaigns. Work is presently current to develop plant-derived immunogen candidates in potatoes and lettuce for viral hepatitis virus (HBV), enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), and Norwalk virus. Scientists are trying into the assembly of different commercially valuable proteins in plants, like spider silk macromolecule and polymers that are employed in surgery or tissue replacement. Genetically changed animals have even been wont to grow transplant tissues and human transplant organs, an idea referred to as transplant. The wealthy type of uses for GMOs provides variety of valuable advantages to humans, however many of us conjointly worry concerning potential risks.

Risks and Controversies Encompassing the Utilization of GMOs

Despite the actual fact that the genes being transferred occur naturally in different species, there are unknown consequences to fixing the state of an organism through foreign organic phenomenon. After all, such alterations will modification the organism's metabolism, rate, and/or response to external environmental factors. These consequences influence not solely the GMO itself, however conjointly the natural setting within which that organism is allowed to proliferate. Potential health risks to humans embrace the likelihood of exposure to new allergens in genetically changed foods, still because the transfer of antibiotic-resistant genes to gut flora. Horizontal cistron transfer of chemical, herbicide, or antibiotic resistance to different organisms wouldn't solely place humans in danger, however it'd conjointly cause ecological imbalances, permitting innocuous plants to grow uncontrolled, therefore promoting the unfold of un-wellness among each plants and animals.

Unintended Impacts on Different Species: The Bt Corn Contestation

One example of disputation over the utilization of a genetically changed plant involves the case of Bt corn. Bt corn expresses a macromolecule from the microorganism Bacillus thuringiensis. before construction of the recombinant corn, the macromolecule had long been famed to be hepatotoxic to variety of pestiferous insects, together with the monarch caterpillar, and it had been with success used as an environmentally friendly pesticide for many years. The good thing about the expression of this macromolecule by corn plants may be a reduction within the quantity of pesticide that farmers should apply to their crops. Sadly, seeds containing genes for recombinant proteins will cause unintentional unfold of recombinant genes or exposure of non-target organisms to new hepatotoxic compounds within the setting.

The now-famous Bt corn contestation started with a laboratory study by Losey et al. within which the mortality of monarch larvae was reportedly higher once fed with milkweed (their natural food supply) coated in spore from transgenic corn than once fed milkweed coated with spore from regular corn. The report by Losey et al. was followed by another publication suggesting that natural levels of Bt corn spore within the field were harmful to monarchs.

Unintended Economic Consequences

Another concern related to GMOs is that personal corporations can claim possession of the organisms they produce and not share them at an inexpensive price with the general public. If these claims area unit correct, it's argued that use of genetically changed crops can hurt the economy and surroundings, as a result of monoculture practices by large-scale farm production centers (who will afford the pricey seeds) can dominate over the range contributed by tiny farmers UN agency cannot afford the technology. However, a recent meta-analysis of fifteen studies reveals that, on average, simple fraction of the advantages of first-generation genetically changed crops area unit shared downstream, whereas solely simple fraction accrues upstream.

GMOs and Also the General Public: Philosophical and Non-secular Considerations

In a 2007 survey of 1,000 yankee adults conducted by the International Food data Council (IFIC), thirty third of respondents believed that biotech food product would profit them or their families, however twenty third of respondents didn't understand biotech foods had already reached the market. additionally, solely five-hitter of these polled aforementioned they might take action by sterilization their getting habits as a result of considerations related to exploitation biotech product.

Furthermore, even though the technologies area unit shared fairly, there are units those that would still resist expendable GMOs, even with thorough testing for safety, thanks to personal or non-secular beliefs. The moral problems close GMOs embrace discussion over our right to 'play God,' still because the introduction of foreign material into foods that area unit abstained from for non-secular reasons. Some individuals believe that change of state with nature is per se wrong, et al. maintain that inserting plant genes in animals, or the other way around, is immoral.

These problems area unit progressively vital to think about because the variety of GMOs continues to extend thanks to improved laboratory techniques and tools for sequencing whole genomes, higher processes for biological research and transferring genes, and improved understanding of organic phenomenon systems. Thus, legislative practices that regulate this analysis got to keep up. Before allowing business use of GMOs, governments perform risk assessments to see the attainable consequences of their use, however difficulties in estimating the impact of business GMO use makes regulation of those organisms a challenge.

Increased Research and Improved Safety Go Hand in Hand

Proponents of the utilization of GMOs believe that, with adequate analysis, these organisms will be safely commercialized. There are several experimental variations for expression and management of built genes which will be applied to reduce potential risks. A number of these practices are already necessary as a result of new legislation, like avoiding superfluous DNA transfer (vector sequences) and substitution selectable marker genes normally utilized in the workplace (antibiotic resistance) with innocuous plant-derived markers. Problems like the danger of vaccine-expressing plants being mixed in with traditional foodstuffs could be overcome by having identification factors, like pigmentation, that facilitate watching and separation of genetically changed product from non-GMOs. Different intrinsical management techniques embrace having inducible promoters (e.g., evoked by stress, chemicals, etc.), geographic isolation, mistreatment male-sterile plants, and separate growing seasons.

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GMOs profit human beings once used for functions like increasing the supply and quality of food and treatment, and causative to a cleaner setting. If used with wisdom, they might lead to an improved economy while not doing additional damage than sensible, and that they may conjointly create the foremost of their potential to alleviate hunger and sickness worldwide. However, the complete potential of GMOs cannot be realised while not due diligence and thorough attention to the risks related to every new GMO on an independent basis.


  • Devos, Y., et al. Ethics in the societal debate on genetically modified organisms: A (re)quest for sense and sensibility. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21, 29–61 (2007) doi:10.1007/s10806-007-9057-6.
  • Muir, W., & Howard, R. Possible ecological risks of transgenic organism release when transgenes affect mating success: Sexual selection and the Trojan gene hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 96, 13853–13856 (1999).
  • United States Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Program. Human Genome Project information: Genetically modified foods and organisms, (2007)
  • Krishna, VV & Qaim, M 2012, “Bt Cotton and sustainability of pesticide reductions in India”, Agricultural Systems, vol.107, pp.47-55.
  • Thompson, J 2008, “the role of biotechnology for agricultural sustainability in Africa”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol.363, pp.905-913.
  • World Bank 2007, World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for develoment, Washington: World Bank, pp.156-179. [Report Section].
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Issues Over the Use of Genetic Modification Technology. (2022, August 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved October 2, 2023, from
“Issues Over the Use of Genetic Modification Technology.” GradesFixer, 30 Aug. 2022,
Issues Over the Use of Genetic Modification Technology. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 2 Oct. 2023].
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