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The League of Nations was an organization for international cooperation. It was established on January 10, 1920, at the initiative of the victorious Allied powers at the end of World War I and was formally disbanded on April 19, 1946. Although ultimately it was unable to fulfill the hopes of its founders and there are a few causes of its failure.
Firstly, it was organized in a way that there would be arouse of new political morality to guide the course of international politics, the concept of state as the sovereign unit of the society was restrained as the acceptance of role as he great powers as the key participant in the organization. But a new political system wasn’t developed to replace the old one, except of a few certain changes in the old system. It was recognized that the convent may prohibit from war under certain conditions, but still they might go to war in certain conditions.
Secondly, there was an absence of great powers. The League of Nation was never accepted by United States of America and Soviet Union (Russia) joined at the last dates. That weakness was never overcame by League, so, from the start there wasn’t any biding forceful leadership from the start.
Then there was less interest of the members. All the issues came were by the unilateral efforts but not by the members of the league not a single moto was organized in a proper manner. There wasn’t any will to achieve the goals, members shrank from their responsibilities and tactically refused to respect the obligations. As when the because of major power League refused to take action against Japan. Even they didn’t do anything on this continuous violation of treaty of Versailles.
Moreover, France sought by all its means to exploit the advantages gained for its peace settlement of 1919. Great Britain attempted to attempt to return to the traditional policy of European balance of power, and the weakening ties of British common wealth lessen the influence on the council, led to an essential negative British policy.
And the last one were economic factors. During inter war years inevitably were important in the eventual dissolution of peace and the consequent destruction of the League as league was fully aware of the role of economic instability. Economic depression was also a gradual cause of ending to this unifying force of universalism.
In conclusion, there were a lot of things that must be done, as because the national loyalties were far stronger then the Leagues. It wasn’t considered as an institution of peace and security properly. The league showed that it is possible to establish an integrated body of international officials charge faithfully the international obligations stand upon them. It was not a lack of executive efficiency but the interest varied.
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