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Language Extinction: Immigrants Are Surrounded by Dominant Language

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In current era, language death is known as a modern disease. This phenomenon has its own components, which undergo from birth to death. Moreover, nowadays is, no doubt, the age of variations, rapid progresses and extreme activities. One especially outstanding features of this change is a wide range of languages, which will die Grimes (2012). Language death occurs when there is a dominant language. It is generally accepted that language plays a key role in connection to others; in addition, language is a tool to carry out our daily routines. It is obvious that immigrants face lots of difficulties which are caused by dominate language. It is highly likely that dominate language might poses three major issues: personal emotion, social relationship and identity which can be solved with encouraging the young to learn, speaking mother language at homes and writing it down.

Firstly, individual’s emotions while have a big effect on immigrants as they find themselves in a new country. First accept of this could be sense of belonging which means that the immigrants conceive that the new country while belong to them even if they were not born there. In addition, sense of humor is another factor that influence on them. It means, where they are not able to intemperate the same humors language they use to speak, immigrants while lose this ability gradually. Grimes (2012), argues that a Russian linguist friend of ours who was forced to leave his country for political reasons in 1997, he mentioned that he could not write in Russian any more, he made attempt to write well in his mother language. He was expert in Russian language, but he was not able to expressing his feeling in English or French, which were his second.

Secondly, social relationship is the second concern that immigrants will face with it. This subject can be split in three groups. First and second group is relating to marriage and intimate friends. It would be difficult to build a relationship with someone who has different Language. On the other hand, language barrier has direct impact on self-confidence. This part can be divided into two groups: knowing law and knowing environment. Immigrants probably will lose their self-confidence due to the fact that lacking knowledge about those groups those not let them involve themselves with society because they cannot speak fluently about two above subjects.

Thirdly, the most fundamental problem is probably identity. The main consequences of this will be culture, history and hand writing. Dominant language will dominate culture in first step, due to the fact that nature of culture is tied up with language. As the language fades, culture will face to. Because it can be take in account a companying with language as a two sides roads. Another matter that dominant language causes concern and the worry is the point of history. And the main consequence of this is history. History can stay remain with telling and passing to other generations. Thus history needs language as a tool to convert it. But dominant language would be barrier of for it. In addition, hand writing has the same problem similar to culture and history. It seems that handwriting is sacrificed in next steps. Because writing in foreign country will obey the dominant language. After a while, handwriting of mother language will vanished. Grimes (2012), points out that it is not easy to insert a culture to a different language, and some characteristics of the language are globally lost when that is done.

Although phenomenon – language death – is a worrying obsession for the people who are involved, what should we do to step effectively for ceasing it? Encouraging bilingual communities weekly for people to communicate easily in countries with a widespread language. Teaching the mother language to children before old speakers die and even more writing down structures and words to protect the language in some cases that children are sent to boarding schools. Grimes (2012), argues that an Aricara with only 90 speakers who are all middle –age or older have published instructional materials in their language, hoping that others in the ethic group will learn it. Parents should attempt to speak in their language at homes to make the opportunities for children to hear and learn. These methods may not be a comprehensive approach to rescue mother language but can be practical to dwindle due of death of language.

To conclude, Ostler (2000), claims that the rate of language extinction is twice and four times relatively the rate of endangered mammals and birds. Language diversity is as key as biological diversity thus by allowing languages to wipe out human is eradicating thing it does not understand. Immigrants have to get used to dominant language which is widely spoken because it makes most of the things more accessible for them, while dominant language might poses some issues like individual emotion, social relationship and identity. Getting to count that bilingual education at homes is a right and simple direction. In this way minorities keep their culture as safe as language. We are depended on biological involvement for our physical survival; in addition, we are depended on lingual complexity for our culture to be survived.


  1. Fishman, J. A. (1998). The new linguistic order. Foreign Policy. 113, 6-39.
  2. Grimes, B. (2012). Causes, Symptoms and Cures for Endangered Languages. Global Language Viability. Retrieved from
  3. Oster, R. (Spring 2000). Disappearing Language. Whole Earth. Retrieved from

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