Malcolm X Dbq

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 498 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Mar 19, 2024

Words: 498|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Mar 19, 2024

Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, was a prominent African American activist and leader during the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. His powerful oratory skills and unwavering commitment to the empowerment of Black people made him a polarizing figure in American history. In this essay, we will explore Malcolm X's ideology, his views on racial equality, and his evolving philosophy over time.

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One of the key aspects of Malcolm X's ideology was his belief in Black nationalism. Unlike his contemporary, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who advocated for integration and nonviolence, Malcolm X argued for the separation of races and the establishment of a separate state for African Americans. He believed that integration was a form of assimilation that would only perpetuate the oppression of Black people. Instead, he called for Black pride, self-determination, and self-sufficiency.

Malcolm X's early experiences shaped his views on racial equality. Born into a family of activists, he witnessed firsthand the injustices faced by African Americans in the United States. His father, Earl Little, was a fervent advocate for Black rights, and his mother, Louise Little, instilled in him a sense of racial pride. However, the murder of his father and subsequent institutionalization of his mother had a profound impact on young Malcolm. He became involved in criminal activities and was eventually imprisoned.

It was during his time in prison that Malcolm X underwent a transformation. He educated himself and became familiar with the teachings of Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam. The Nation of Islam preached Black separatism and self-reliance and rejected the notion of racial integration. Malcolm X embraced these teachings and became a prominent member of the organization upon his release from prison.

Malcolm X's fiery speeches and uncompromising stance on racial issues made him a prominent figure in the civil rights movement. He advocated for armed self-defense and argued that violence was justified in the face of institutionalized racism. However, his views evolved over time. After a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1964, he became disillusioned with the Nation of Islam and distanced himself from its teachings. He started to embrace a more inclusive vision of racial equality, acknowledging the possibility of cooperation between Black and White Americans.

The assassination of Malcolm X in 1965 cut short his journey of ideological transformation. However, his impact on the civil rights movement cannot be underestimated. His uncompromising stance on racial issues, his call for Black empowerment, and his commitment to speaking truth to power continue to inspire activists to this day.

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In conclusion, Malcolm X was a complex and influential figure in the civil rights movement. His belief in Black nationalism and his advocacy for self-determination set him apart from other prominent activists of his time. While his views on racial equality evolved over time, his commitment to empowering Black people and fighting against injustice remained constant. Malcolm X's legacy continues to resonate, reminding us of the ongoing struggle for racial equality and the power of individual transformation in the face of adversity.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Oliver Johnson

Cite this Essay

Malcolm X Dbq. (2024, March 19). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 20, 2024, from
“Malcolm X Dbq.” GradesFixer, 19 Mar. 2024,
Malcolm X Dbq. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 20 May 2024].
Malcolm X Dbq [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 19 [cited 2024 May 20]. Available from:
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