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Mob lynchings in India has become very common in India since late 2014. In this paper we are going to discuss various aspects of this issue why is this happening and its past. We will also discuss practical solution for this issue.
Mob lynching is the act of expression of outrageous reaction by people against some accused (through violence)without a fair trial. However, most of the societies do no consider this to be a crime. This word ’lynching’ is said to have originated from ’Lynch Law’, which allowed people to punish other individuals on the basis of agreement of a crowd without a genuine trial. Many cases of lynching have been seen in the remote past. It is also seen that majority of the ’lynching practices’ are done primarily to oppress the minorities, with only a handful of them being fair. The ’Black Community’ also suffered a lot of troubles due this activity.
It is seen that the number of Mob lynching incidents have risen across India during the recent times. These incidents happen due to various reasons with major reason being the unawareness of people regarding this sensitive issue. People do not treat this activity as a crime. Other reasons also play vital roles in this like religious hatred, fear, corruption, etc. In India, Hindu-Muslim differences have led to make this scenario more than common in recent times. News sources today are very biased and they do not go into the depth of issue and convey the news depending on which side of the political spectrum they lie and it is hard to say which source is unbiased. Many times the actual news comes with proper investigation after a few days and people have already lost interest in that news by that time. In this paper we are going to discuss various aspects of different types of Moblynchings and try to assess as many sources as possible to make a logical conclusion. Some examples of Mob lynchings in India are: 1) Kher-lanji Massacre 2006, the first case reported in India relating to lynching. It occurred at Bhandara district in the state of Maharashtra. 2) Dimapur Lynching 2015, In this case a mobforcefully entered into the Dimapur central jail and lynched arape accused named Syed Farid Khan 3) Between 1977 and1982 more than 42 people of the lodha community in West Bengal were either brutally killed by the police or lynchedby the mob and these actions were supported by the LeftFront Rule.*This work was not supported by any organization.
In case of cow vigilantism cases We can look at the background of victims and perpetrators which is often not discussed and reports simply mention the religion of people. In cases of fake Whatsapp news leading to lynchings we can again look at the content of the messages that were circulated and the background of victims and accused and what was their perception of crime in their neighborhood. The paper talks about the role of ruling party in turning away from the problem and even condoning of these acts by some members of the party. We will discuss the role of divide between communities making this problem bigger and polarization of society by some parties. Fake news has also been responsible for rise in these incidents as a large number of people in the country are not very educated or even illiterate, they don’t try to verify such news and become afraid (fear of unknown). Due to Internet access and rise of social media it is very easy to spread any news. Due to a lack of trust between police and people, many times people themselves take action against people accused of a crime who often turns out to be innocent. The main solution to avoid these situations is to bring awareness among masses as many people believe that news can not be fake and they trust it blindly.
So, this is a very complex and big problem and needs to be seen from all angles. Mob lynchings happen both due to internal problems in society and misuse of technology by some groups and individuals to create an environment of fear and ignorance. There are some short term solutions to this like awareness campaigns and strict laws but the permanent solution is to give a good education to every Indian which can help people think critically.
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