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We all need a clean water and also safe toilets. Clean water as we know is used for many things and is a very important things in life. Because who in the world can live this world without water. Why is the water so important for our life? Because the research says that each person on Earth requires at least 20 to 50 liters of clean, safe water a day for drinking, cooking, and simply keeping themselves clean. Water is also an obvious needs for hydrating and food producing and also a good sanitation also needs a good water to use.
The United Nations says that clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. But due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
Why are the dirty water and unsafe sanity is a problem for us? First of all, we all need a clean water for doing our daily basics and the most important one is for drinking, we can’t live without a water to drink because we can be die of dehydration. Drinking a dirty water can also bring a lot of sickness like dysentery. Dirty water is one of the most deadly threats for children as example in Afghanistan, more than 40 percent of child deaths are due to diarrhea and acute respiratory infection.
Government Policies for Clean water and Sanities 4000 children in this world dies because of diarrhea, that’s all caused by unhealthy water and sanitation Providing people in developing countries with access to clean drinking water, effective sanitation and education on the importance of good hygiene practice are some of the most cost effective ways of achieving real results in health. It helps them beat poverty and can help to prevent around 2.4 million unnecessary deaths every year. So the government creates these policy to minimalized children’s death because of water disease.
People in rural areas are 5 times more likely to be without clean drinking water compared to those who live in the city. For those in the countryside, this means a lot of sick people suffering from diarrhea illnesses and a lot of productive time lost as they are unable to work. We will target our help towards rural areas. For example in Tanzania, we’re helping an extra 1.3 million people gain access to safe drinking water. That is why in the Democratic Republic of Congo we will get clean water closer to the homes of another 6 million girls, mums and families by building standpipes and pumps in and around villages.
In remote villages across Africa and Asia, the nearest plumber or engineer can be a long way away. So as well as providing greater access to safe water, we will also help communities to look after the pumps and pipework that deliver it. In Ethiopia, we will ensure 800,000 more people across the country benefit from a new water supply, providing communities with wells and boreholes along with the skills they need to maintain them.
The Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) report, Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene: 2017 update and Sustainable Development Goal baselines, presents the first global assessment of “safely managed” drinking water and sanitation services. The overriding conclusion is that too many people still lack access, particularly in rural areas.
“Safe water, sanitation and hygiene at home should not be a privilege of only those who are rich or live in urban centres,” says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “These are some of the most basic requirements for human health, and all countries have a responsibility to ensure that everyone can access them.”
Billions of people have gained access to basic drinking water and sanitation services since 2000, but these services do not necessarily provide safe water and sanitation. Many homes, healthcare facilities and schools also still lack soap and water for handwashing. This puts the health of all people – but especially young children – at risk for diseases, such as diarrhoea.
As a result, every year, 361 000 children under 5 years of age die due to diarrhoea. Poor sanitation and contaminated water are also linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, dysentery, hepatitis A, and typhoid. “Safe water, effective sanitation and hygiene are critical to the health of every child and every community – and thus are essential to building stronger, healthier, and more equitable societies,” said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “As we improve these services in the most disadvantaged communities and for the most disadvantaged children today, we give them a fairer chance at a better tomorrow.”
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