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Paeonia Lactiflora in Pcos

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Literature Review:

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, affecting 6%–10% of women worldwide (Kumarnarendran et al 2018). The PCOS represents a major health burden for women with economic costs in America estimated at $US4.36 billion per year (Arentz et al 2017). Diagnostic criteria include the presence of androgen excess, oligomenorrhea, and evidence of polycystic ovaries on ultrasound (Kumarnarendran et al 2018). Its diagnosis is based on the presence of at least two of the following criteria: hyperandrogenism, determined by the presence testosterone excess characterized by hirsutism; ovarian dysfunction characterized by oligo-amenorrhea and chronic anovulation; and the detection of a specific polycystic ovarian morphology (Pasquali, 2018). Though conventionally perceived as a reproductive disorder, PCOS is now emerging as a lifelong metabolic disorder, with evidence of increased prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome (Kumarnarendran et al 2018). Proof based restorative treatments ought to accentuates a multidisciplinary approach for PCOS, yet as customary pharmaceutical treatment tends to single manifestation, might be contra-demonstrated now and again and is frequently connected with reactions. What’s more ladies with PCOS have communicated a powerful urge for substitute treatment as approximately 2 out of 5 ladies with this condition prefer herbs (Arentz et al 2014a, 2014b). Plant‐based medicines contain biologically active chemicals that may alter reproductive endocrinology in women with PCOS (Arentz et al 2014a, 2014b).

Paeoniae Radix is the dried root of Paeonia lactiflora, which is called peony in English and Shakuyaku in Japanese and is used frequently in traditional Japanese medicine and it was first described in China in 200 B.C. and plant products were used in ancient Greece for their medicinal benefits (Shimada- Takaura et al 2018). Within the Paeonia lactiflora group, the White peony root is produced in the southern parts of China and the Red peony root is produced in the northern parts of China which are used for different remedies (Zhu et al 2014). White peony root has been utilized for abdominal pain, diarrhea, blood insufficiency and unpredictable menses and so forth while Red peony root has been essentially utilized for blood stasis, gynecological problems, cardiovascular diseases and so on (Zhu et al 2014). White peony has been vital in conventional Chinese solution and has been appeared to influence human androgen levels in vitro and also in a report found in American Diary of Chinese Prescription, Takeuchi et al portrayed the impacts of paeoniflorin, a compound found in white peony that hindered the creation of testosterone and advanced the movement of aromatase, which changes over testosterone into estrogen (Grant, and Ramasamy 2012). Although just P. Lactiflora has further two kinds of roots available depending on its geographic location, but Paeoniae it is not limited to one species. It was discovered that in two regular but different kind of peony, that is P. lactiflora and P. veitchii there are some normal mixes of flavonoids, hydrolysable tannins (polyphenols) and monoterpene glycosides but their phytochemical bioavailability differs (Parker et al 2016). The confirmation recommends the two species, when controlled in whole herbal shape, have a magnificent well being profile but P. lactiflora have more noteworthy potential for antiviral, antibacterial and cancer prevention agent helpful action as compare P. veitchii (Parker et al 2016).

Comparison and Discussion:

The comparison based on the differences in these three studies is more or less likely covered in the chart. The study 3 is the least reliable because sample size was too small to analyze the finding but was very specific that we got a chance to know about the effects of individualized herb on the symptoms of PCOS (Lai et al 2017). Between study 1 and study 2; study 2 is more reliable because it include a wide range of data and number of subjects are more, even though data was not specific to the this search but it gives a clear understanding that study on Paeonia itself and in combination with Glycyrrhiza spp and Cinnamomum cassia but was limited by the volume of research because there was just a single or two investigations found for each herb or natural blend (Arentz et al 2014a,2014b). Study 1 include; RCT demonstrated a statistical and clinically significant improvement in PCOS symptoms with herbal combination plus lifestyle intervention compared with lifestyle intervention alone. PCOS symptomatology including number of days of the menstrual cycle, anthropometry, oestradiol and LH, fasting insulin levels, blood pressure, conception rates and quality of life. Limitations of this study includes the lack of a placebo group prevents identification of the active component of this herbal and lifestyle intervention that has generated these outcomes. The lack of blinding could have influenced the estimated treatment effect size particularly for subjective outcomes such as self‐reported healing, psychology and compliance although objectively measured outcomes were less likely to be at high risk of performance bias (Arentz et al 2017).


Paeonia lactiflora with other herbs like Glycyrrhiza glabra, Cinnamomum verum, Hypericum perforatum and lifestyle intervention is beneficial in PCOS. Limitation of all these studies in general are that the effect of Paeonia Lactiflora individually was not clearly understood because the number of clinical studies that are available just on Paeonia Lactiflora are very few. So, it might not be as beneficial if it is used alone, and also to know the effects of Paeonia on wide spectrum symptoms of PCOS like facial hairs, obesity, oligo-amenorrhea etc.;RCT double blinded study with more number of subject and with specific symptoms to consider for a particular study is required.

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Paeonia Lactiflora in PCOS. (2019, Jun 27). GradesFixer. Retrieved March 24, 2023, from
“Paeonia Lactiflora in PCOS.” GradesFixer, 27 Jun. 2019,
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