Richard Hakluyt's Inducements Analysis

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About this sample


Words: 614 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 614|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

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  5. Conclusion


Richard Hakluyt, a prominent English writer and geographer of the late 16th century, played a significant role in promoting English colonization of the New World. One of his key works, "Inducements to the Liking of the Voyage Intended towards Virginia," presents a series of arguments designed to persuade English investors and policymakers to support the colonization of Virginia. This essay aims to analyze Hakluyt's inducements, examining the economic, political, and social arguments he employed to advocate for the expansion of English influence across the Atlantic. By exploring Hakluyt's rationale, we can gain a deeper understanding of the motivations behind early English colonial ventures and the broader context of European imperialism.

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Hakluyt's primary economic argument for the colonization of Virginia revolves around the potential for wealth generation. He posits that the New World offers untapped resources, such as precious metals, fertile lands, and lucrative trade opportunities. Hakluyt contends that England, suffering from economic stagnation and overpopulation, could benefit immensely from the exploitation of these resources. He suggests that the establishment of colonies would not only provide new markets for English goods but also create employment opportunities for the surplus population. This economic rationale is rooted in the mercantilist belief that national prosperity is derived from a favorable balance of trade and the accumulation of wealth. By framing colonization as a means to achieve economic growth and stability, Hakluyt appeals to the financial interests of his audience.

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In addition to economic incentives, Hakluyt emphasizes the political and strategic advantages of establishing colonies in Virginia. He argues that colonization would enhance England's geopolitical power by providing a foothold in the New World, thereby allowing the English to compete with other European powers, particularly Spain. Hakluyt points out that Spain's vast empire in the Americas has significantly strengthened its global influence, and he warns that failure to establish English colonies would leave England vulnerable to Spanish dominance. Furthermore, Hakluyt suggests that colonies could serve as bases for privateering and military operations against Spanish interests, thus contributing to national security. By highlighting the strategic importance of colonization, Hakluyt seeks to align his proposal with the broader national interest and the security concerns of his contemporaries.

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Hakluyt also appeals to social and religious motivations in his inducements. He portrays the colonization of Virginia as a divine mission to spread Christianity and civilize the indigenous peoples. Hakluyt invokes the idea of a providential duty, suggesting that it is England's moral responsibility to convert the "heathens" and bring them into the fold of Christianity. This argument taps into the religious zeal of the period, particularly the Protestant Reformation, and positions colonization as a righteous endeavor. Additionally, Hakluyt presents the New World as a land of opportunity for social renewal, where the poor and disenfranchised could start anew and escape the constraints of the rigid English social hierarchy. By framing colonization as both a religious mission and a social project, Hakluyt broadens the appeal of his proposal to encompass a wider range of motivations.

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Richard Hakluyt's "Inducements to the Liking of the Voyage Intended towards Virginia" presents a multifaceted case for English colonization, drawing on economic, political, social, and religious arguments to persuade his audience. His economic rationale highlights the potential for wealth generation and employment, while his political arguments emphasize the strategic importance of countering Spanish dominance. By invoking religious and social motivations, Hakluyt also appeals to the moral and humanitarian sensibilities of his contemporaries. Together, these inducements reflect the complex interplay of factors driving early English colonial ventures and offer valuable insights into the mindset of the period. Hakluyt's work not only influenced the course of English colonization but also contributed to the broader narrative of European imperialism in the New World.

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Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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Richard Hakluyt’s Inducements Analysis. (2024, Jun 13). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“Richard Hakluyt’s Inducements Analysis.” GradesFixer, 13 Jun. 2024,
Richard Hakluyt’s Inducements Analysis. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Richard Hakluyt’s Inducements Analysis [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 13 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:
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