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Second War for Independence: The History of The War of 1812

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The topic of American-British war is analysed in the war of 1812 essay and its purpose is to reveal its history, possible causes and results. The war of 1812 started with an assault on Canada, both as a push to pick up land and to slice off British stockpile lines to Tecumseh’s Indian confederation, which had since quite a while ago upset the US. The underlying fights in Canada were not as simple as the War Hawks trusted, and the unpracticed American officers were pushed back quickly. Truth be told, just by goodness of grasp maritime triumphs by Oliver Hazard Perry on Lake Erie and Thomas Macdonough on Lake Champlain was a genuine northern-front intrusion of the United States, including New York, forestalled. General William Henry Harrison’s powers managed to execute Tecumseh at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, amidst a conclusive triumph against the British General Isaac Brock’s littler power.

On the Mid-Atlantic Coast, British soldiers arrived in the Chesapeake Bay region in 1814, and walked towards Washington. US General William Winder made an endeavor to stop the British powers, instructed by General Robert Ross, at Bladensburg. The US troops were seriously directed. The city of Washington was cleared, and the British consumed the Capitol and the White House, alongside the greater part of nonresidential Washington.

The British squeezed forward, and Admiral Cochrane tried to attack Baltimore. General Ross was slaughtered as his powers progressed towards the city, and their development slowed down. Cochrane’s powers besieged Fort McHenry, which watched Baltimore’s harbor, however were not able take it. This occasion motivated Francis Scott Key, an American legal advisor confined on one of Cochrane’s boats, to compose the Star-Spangled Banner. Fruitless at Baltimore, Cochrane’s harmed armada limped to Jamaica for fixes, and got ready for an intrusion of New Orleans, planning to cut off American utilization of the Mississippi River.

By mid 1814, the War of 1812 was ending up being harder battling than either side anticipated. England, made up for lost time in the expensive Napoleonic Wars, started to search for an approach to remove itself from its American duty. In the Belgian city of Ghent, American arbitrators (counting John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay) met with British ambassadors. After extensive quibbling, the mediators marked the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814, authoritatively finishing the war. The settlement returned US-Britain relations to a similar status as they had been before the war. The US neither picked up nor lost any domain. Impressment went unaddressed.

The war was authoritatively finished, yet news traversed the Atlantic Ocean. In New Orleans, Cochrane handled the British soldiers, who were all the while hanging tight for their trade leader for Ross, General Packenham, to land from Britain. On January 8, 1815, Andrew Jackson’s ragtag armed force sufficiently crushed the British at the Battle of New Orleans. Despite the fact that this fight had been battled pointlessly (the settlement was at that point marked) the US celebrated uncontrollably, showing an upsurge in American patriotism.

In spite of the fact that the war had shielded New England producing from British challenge, New England dealer shipping had been genuinely harmed, and a gathering of Federalists met at the Hartford Convention in late 1814 to talk about their complaints. A couple discussed severance from the Union, however most simply needed to make it difficult for the US to proclaim war or force embargoes later on. At the point when the updates on the settlement from Ghent showed up, it made the Federalists look senseless, or even treasonous. The Hartford Convention spelled the finish of the Federalist Party.

In conclusion, the war of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain between 1812 and 1815. It was caused by trade disputes, American expansionism, and the desire to assert national pride and sovereignty. The war began with a series of American defeats, but by 1813, the tide began to turn in favor of the Americans. The war ended with the Treaty of Ghent, which restored the pre-war borders between the two nations. While the war ended in a stalemate, it had a significant impact on the United States, as it helped establish the country’s national pride and sovereignty, and solidified its identity as a separate nation.

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Second War for Independence: the History of the War of 1812. (2023, February 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved March 21, 2023, from
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