Settlement of Two State Solution with Regard to Israel Palestine Conflict

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1286 words

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Table of contents

  1. Purpose/Objective
  2. Background
  3. Research Findings
  4. D. Requested Decision/Action


The Purpose of this topic is to explain the core problem of the Israel and Palestine conflict and with our point of view, give the solution that is acceptable within international relation study.

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A "two-state solution" to the decades-old conflict between Israelis and Palestinians is the solution that has been accepted from their leaders and approved by the international community. The "two-state solution" itself would create an independent Israel and Palestine, and is the mainstream approach to resolving the conflict with the idea is that Israel and Palestine want to run their countries differently; Israel want a Jewish state, and Palestine on their own, and since neither side can get what it wants in a joined state, the only possible solution that satisfies everyone involves separating Palestinians and Israelis.

It also widely accepted among Israel and Palestine people around the world. Even elements of the Israel right are now resigned to the establishment of a Palestinian state, although their conception of the nature of that state is not acceptable to Palestinians. is widely accepted among Israel – Palestine around the world. Even elements of the Israeli right are now resigned to the establishment of a Palestine state, although their conception of the nature of that state is not acceptable to Palestine.

The conflict in question is tied into other overlapping but distinct issues: whether the Palestine territories can become an independent state and how to resolve years of violence that include the Israel occupation of the West Bank. For decades, the two-state solution has been upheld by the international community as it is the only way to end the Israel - Palestine conflict.

Its basis is two separate states, Israel and Palestine, living peacefully side by side on the land between the western bank of the Jordan river and the Mediterranean Sea. Also, the two-state solution would establish an independent Palestine state alongside Israel with two states for two peoples. In theory, this would win Israel security and allow it to retain a Jewish demographic majority while granting Palestine a state, and therefore, effectively ending the conflict altogether. Most governments have set the achievement of the two-state solution as official policy, including the United States, the United Nations, the Palestine Authority, and Israel. This goal has been the basis of peace talks for decades.

However, there were some of the past negotiations that had failed to make progress and there are currently no fresh talks in prospect. The main problem is borders, security, Jerusalem, and refugees. Any potential deal is complicated by the geographical split between the West Bank and Gaza. It further complicated due to demographic changes, an increasingly powerful settler movement, outrage at Palestinian attacks such as a many recent case about stabbings, and frequent bus and cafe bombings. Instead of pursuing new strategic options from the Palestine government, of which there are believed to be few in any case, they have largely been in a state of suspension, awaiting political initiatives from outside.

The Palestinians already requested that the border of their new state should follow the green line, giving them 22% of their historic land. But Israel, which has built hundreds of settlements on the side of the green line over the past 50 years, insists that most of these should become part of Israel, which would require a new border which would mean, according to critics, the takeover of big part of area of the West Bank.

The Palestinians say this would deny the existence of the one in five Israeli citizens who are Palestinian, because they have long insisted that their descendants should have the right to return to their former homes, although many diplomats believe they would settle for a symbolic “right of return”.

Research Findings

With regards to Israel and Palestine conflict about “What would be the concrete approach and solutions?” it’s a bit hard on what to do to solve since there are four issues that have proved most challenging. Each comes down to a set of bedrock demands between the two sides that, in execution, often appear to be mutually exclusive.

    1. Borders: There is no consensus about precisely where to draw the line. Generally, most believe the border line would be followed, even before the Arab-Israel war of 1967, but with Israel keeping some of the land where it has built settlements and in exchange providing another land to the Palestine to compensate.
    2. Jerusalem: Both sides claim Jerusalem as their capital and consider it a center of religious worship and cultural heritage. The two-state solution typically calls for dividing it into an Israel West and a Palestine East, but it is not easy to draw the line with Jewish, Muslim and Christian holy sites are on top of one another. Israel has declared Jerusalem its “undivided capital” effectively take over the are of its eastern half, and has built up construction that essentially make Israel in control of the city, and Israel has said it can’t agree to any deal which sees the city shared or divided between the two sides. The Palestinians say they will not retract their claim and access to their holy sites, all of which are located in East Jerusalem, on the Palestine side of the green line

Also, if two-state solution wants to work, they would have to include federal arrangements not only about security but also about water, cell-phone coverage, sewage, and countless other details of a common infrastructure. Which, Israel wouldn’t share at all.

  1. Refugees: Large numbers of Palestine people fled or were expelled from their homes in what is now Israel, primarily with their descendants now counted five million and believe they deserve the right to return.
  2. Security: For Palestine, security means an end to foreign military occupation in the area. For Israel, this means avoiding a takeover of the West Bank that would threaten Israel of any occupation, and it also means keeping Israel defensible against foreign armies, which often means requiring a continued Israeli military presence in parts of the West Bank.

In my opinion, either for this conflict, they need to use One State Solution which would join all territories as one nation, or simply maintain the status quo as it stands now.

To answer 2 question, one which about “What would be the concrete approach and solutions?” and “What is the best role that international organization(s) and/or regional intergovernmental organization(s) can play to contribute towards finding an effective solution?” is that they should bring this to the UN and they need to develop a compromise for the solution of the 4 aforementioned problem. With regards to the two solutions, it can’t be done at all due to the nature of two state solution itself, which The Palestine government is divided between two governments that cannot come to terms. The leadership in the West Bank lacks the political legitimacy to make far-reaching but necessary concessions, and the leadership in Gaza does not even recognize Israel, whose citizens it frequently attacks, and the current Israeli leadership, even though they support a two-state solution, appears to oppose it in practice with Palestine.

D. Requested Decision/Action

With Palestine is the victim, they need to open up their voice to the UN since, that is the most appropriate action in order to finish the conflict at once. And if can, abandon two state solution because it just isn’t working anymore due to many splits. Also with regards to Israel – Palestine conflict, if the two states didn’t work out at all, they need to try maintaining status quo that is existed right now, and considering one state solution, just I have been aforementioned in the previous chapter before.

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Also for the Palestine government, rather than waiting for the outside help, they would be fared better if they proactively ask for help in the UN, and reach the consensus.

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Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Settlement of Two state Solution with Regard to Israel Palestine Conflict. (2018, December 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved September 28, 2023, from
“Settlement of Two state Solution with Regard to Israel Palestine Conflict.” GradesFixer, 11 Dec. 2018,
Settlement of Two state Solution with Regard to Israel Palestine Conflict. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 28 Sept. 2023].
Settlement of Two state Solution with Regard to Israel Palestine Conflict [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Dec 11 [cited 2023 Sept 28]. Available from:
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