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Social media has a big role towards today’s life and society as the one who has control towards today’s life has already familiar with social media and the uses of it. Society is a concept used to describe the structured relations and institutions among a large community of people which cannot be reduced to a simple collection or aggregation of individuals. Surveys said that you can even found one gadget in every house meaning that it enables the owner of the gadget to access social media. It becomes one of the primary needs in this era because of its benefit. Based on Heidi statement, he said that social media is anything relates to the technology and platforms in it that enable the one who use it to have an interactive activity from one participant to other participants or to the public (2011). By accessing social media, we can communicate to each other, got information and even just to entertain ourselves.
Another thing that makes it interesting is that because social media is an internet-based tool that makes it more effective to be use said Manikant Tripathi (2018). Besides all the positive impact from the uses social media, we can’t deny that it also has some negativity. This negativity can be a serious problem and lead the society to have a serious social issue if this still can’t be fixed. Based on Anna’s opinion in 2017, internet overuse can lead us to have permanent lifestyles that have negative impact towards ourselves such as weight gain and being indolent that makes us declining in our physical fitness. Sociologists regard one of negative permanent lifestyles that affect by the overuse of social media is sleep deprivation or what is called as insomnia. Anna adds that the computer use among adolescents was associated with sleeping disturbance such as sleeping lately, waking up lately, less restful of sleep and anything relates to a good sleeping is decrease (2017).
In 2014, Dr Levenson and the team do the study to 1788 Americans adults ages 19 – 32, to determine the use of social media and proper standard to assess sleep disturbances. The result of the study shows that the participants checking their social media more than one hour every day and almost thirty percent of the participants had high levels of sleep disturbance. The fact that most of us do not really care of the negative impact using social media too much is a warning.
Looking at your phone, checking your social media before going to bed can be totally harmful. This is because the overuses of gadget can cause sleep deprivation or insomnia like what the experts said. Dr Levenson in her research stated that Insomnia disorder is characterized by chronic dissatisfaction with sleep quantity or quality that is associated with difficulty falling asleep, frequent nighttime awakenings with difficulty returning to sleep, and/or awakening earlier in the morning than desired (2018).
Data from Pew Research Center has shown that the use of social media among adults has increased significantly from 5% in 2005 to 69% in 2018, with almost 90% of 18 – 29 years-olds indicating use. This is urgent because the National Sleep Foundation reports that almost half of Americans don’t get the recommended hours of sleep that is about 7-9 hours. In the last ten years, the common internet use among adolescents has extremely increased. 93% of adolescent ages 12–17 year old go online in America, as what was happened in Japan, 71. 8% in China and 74. 5% in India. Similarly, internet addiction prevalence happen in Iranian high school students for 22. 2%, in Indians 25. 5%, in Tunisians 18. 05%, in Taiwanese 10. 6% and in Turkish 07. 9%. Compared to those without internet addicts, the internet addicts had higher rates of psychopathy (65. 0%), suicidal thoughts in a week (47. 0%), history of suicide attempt (23. 1%), and attempt for suicides in one year (5. 1%) said Sarah Islamie Farsani and team in 2016. Sleep problems can be caused by various factors. Although causes may different, the end result of all sleeping disorders is that the body’s natural cycle of slumber and daytime wakefulness is disrupted or exaggerated. Short-term or acute insomnia can be caused by life stresses such as job loss or change, death of a loved one, or moving, illness, or environmental factors, such as light, noise, or extreme temperatures Neha Pathak statement in 2017. As what was stated from the data above we can conclude that this health issue can be suffered by all ages and here are some reasons why checking your social media can lead you to the problem of sleep.
The obvious thing that cause you suffer insomnia is because you are keep checking you phone before sleep and even until you sleep. Information you get when you are looking at your phone is coming from any sources and it is not only one. One may make you feel happy when the other make you stress. Too much information makes your mind racing and it makes you have a hard time to stop and putting your gadget away. Interaction through digital social networks can lead to the identification of problems related to health that the professionals have not yet thought about, and to the contestation of prevailing ideas about health and health care. This interaction also has the potential to enable mass protest, where health is put at risk or health care provision wants.
When you are looking at your phone right before your bed time, it possible made you experience sleeping problem because you have too much screen time with your gadget. The light from your phone is the reason why it can happen. Some bad sides of your screen light are.
Simply can be said that the internal body clock uses light to determine whether it is time to sleep or stay awake.
Social media is neither easy nor free. That is the fact of the impact of using social media. When you are start access your social media, it will bring you deeper and longer that what you have decided before. Keeps scrolling on your social media will make you curious and more curious of what is next and when you realize that you need to stop, it will bothered you. In this case, it possibly can cause anxiety because you have no peace when you stop and once your phone beeping you will check it as fast as possible even when you are wake up, things that you are going to check first is your gadget. By seeing those causes, it shows a clear connection between the habitual of checking your phone before going to bed and sleep disturbance. Excessive use of the internet was related to high daytime sleepiness and low quality of sleep. Choosing correct pattern in use of the internet actually can helps to reduce sleep problems said Masomeh Hadadvand (2014). Because a good sleep is the key to have a healthy body. Sleep is an opportunity for the body to conserve energy, restore its normal processes, promote physical growth, and support mental development.
There are two ways to see whether a problem is personal or social. One way has to do with numbers another way to tell the difference between the two kinds of problems has to do with causation. Problem can be categorized as a social problem if it has negative effects the society and how personal live through the society. As what stated by Rubington and Weinberg (2010, they regard social problems as social issues when these refer to situations that are incompatible with the values of a significant number of people who agree that action is needed to alter the situation. Between 2010 and 2016 there’s been a significant increase in complaints of inadequate sleep among 18-24 year-olds, with 60 per cent of this age group now affected by this sleep deprivation said Professor David Hillman, chair of Australia’s Sleep Health Foundation. This can be said that social media take a part of this problem because Masomeh Hadadvand (2014) stated that, there is correlation between high daytime sleepiness and low quality of sleep. Different era, different problem is the right word to say that life is developing and society has a big part towards one factor in world development. Like what was stated by P. L. M. Leisink (2014) that societies face complex issues.
Today’s issues, and the circumstances under which actors must address these, are different from what they were some decades ago, as two examples illustrate. One example is the ageing of the population, which is accompanied by an increasing demand for pensions, healthcare and care facilities for the elderly. Because of this phenomena is huge issue and the one who take control over it is the society itself, it is important for us to control ourselves in whatever things that we are going to do.
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