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Social media has a big role towards today’s life and society as the one who has control towards today’s life has already familiar with social media and the uses of it. Society is a concept used to describe the structured relations and institutions among a large community of people which cannot be reduced to a simple collection or aggregation of individuals. Surveys said that you can even found one gadget in every house meaning that it enables the owner of the gadget to access social media. It becomes one of the primary needs in this era because of its benefit. Based on Heidi statement, he said that social media is anything relates to the technology and platforms in it that enable the one who use it to have an interactive activity from one participant to other participants or to the public (2011). By accessing social media, we can communicate to each other, got information and even just to entertain ourselves.
Another thing that makes it interesting is that because social media is an internet-based tool that makes it more effective to be use said Manikant Tripathi (2018). Besides all the positive impact from the uses social media, we can’t deny that it also has some negativity. This negativity can be a serious problem and lead the society to have a serious social issue if this still can’t be fixed. Based on Anna’s opinion in 2017, internet overuse can lead us to have permanent lifestyles that have negative impact towards ourselves such as weight gain and being indolent that makes us declining in our physical fitness. Sociologists regard one of negative permanent lifestyles that affect by the overuse of social media is sleep deprivation or what is called as insomnia. Anna adds that the computer use among adolescents was associated with sleeping disturbance such as sleeping lately, waking up lately, less restful of sleep and anything relates to a good sleeping is decrease (2017).
In 2014, Dr Levenson and the team do the study to 1788 Americans adults ages 19 – 32, to determine the use of social media and proper standard to assess sleep disturbances. The result of the study shows that the participants checking their social media more than one hour every day and almost thirty percent of the participants had high levels of sleep disturbance. The fact that most of us do not really care of the negative impact using social media too much is a warning.
Looking at your phone, checking your social media before going to bed can be totally harmful. This is because the overuses of gadget can cause sleep deprivation or insomnia like what the experts said. Dr Levenson in her research stated that Insomnia disorder is characterized by chronic dissatisfaction with sleep quantity or quality that is associated with difficulty falling asleep, frequent nighttime awakenings with difficulty returning to sleep, and/or awakening earlier in the morning than desired (2018).
Data from Pew Research Center has shown that the use of social media among adults has increased significantly from 5% in 2005 to 69% in 2018, with almost 90% of 18 – 29 years-olds indicating use. This is urgent because the National Sleep Foundation reports that almost half of Americans don’t get the recommended hours of sleep that is about 7-9 hours. In the last ten years, the common internet use among adolescents has extremely increased. 93% of adolescent ages 12–17 year old go online in America, as what was happened in Japan, 71. 8% in China and 74. 5% in India. Similarly, internet addiction prevalence happen in Iranian high school students for 22. 2%, in Indians 25. 5%, in Tunisians 18. 05%, in Taiwanese 10. 6% and in Turkish 07. 9%. Compared to those without internet addicts, the internet addicts had higher rates of psychopathy (65. 0%), suicidal thoughts in a week (47. 0%), history of suicide attempt (23. 1%), and attempt for suicides in one year (5. 1%) said Sarah Islamie Farsani and team in 2016. Sleep problems can be caused by various factors. Although causes may different, the end result of all sleeping disorders is that the body’s natural cycle of slumber and daytime wakefulness is disrupted or exaggerated. Short-term or acute insomnia can be caused by life stresses such as job loss or change, death of a loved one, or moving, illness, or environmental factors, such as light, noise, or extreme temperatures Neha Pathak statement in 2017. As what was stated from the data above we can conclude that this health issue can be suffered by all ages and here are some reasons why checking your social media can lead you to the problem of sleep.
Researchers have discovered that the social media usage is more common among those with a higher educational level compared to those with lower education, and students are the most frequent users (Frank 2016).
Past researchers have shown that the social media usage towards their sleeping habits has attributed the three well-known underlying mechanisms for the adverse impact of electronic media use on sleep. First, the time young people spend on social media may actually encroach on the time that is available to sleep, this is the time displacement hyphothesis. Second, social media use is known to increase arousal. Third, when adolescents engage in social media use they are exposed to bright screen lights, which can disrupt the secretion of the sleep hormone melatonin.
In line with this reasoning, it has been shown that people who use devices that emanate bright screen lights before bedtime actually take longer to fall asleep, their circadian rhythms are disrupted, and they experience an increase in daytime sleepiness.
Daytime sleepiness may be defined as the reduced ability to stay awake and alert during normal daytime hours, resulting in lapses of sleepiness or sleep. Researchers concluded that evening use of elecrtronic media such as television, computers, etc. by adolescents is associated with the delayed bedtime and a reduction in total sleep time. It is reported that the use of mobile phones and computers while in bed was associated with delayed time to sleep (Brunborg et al.,) and internet use is strongly associated with excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents. However he did not investigate why adolescents used the Internet excessively.
Up to now, studies that directly examined the relationship between social media use and sleep have yielded mixed results. Whereas one study showed that social media frequency was related to more sleep disturbances, including more difficulty falling asleep and lower sleep quality (Levenson et al.,2016), other studies showed limited or no support for a negative relationship between social media use and sleep.
Soderquist et al. reported that regular users of mobile phones had health symptoms such as tiredness, stress, headaches, anxiety, concentration difficulties and sleep disturbances more often than less frequent mobile phone users.
Chang et al. reported that people who use devices that emanate bright screen lights before bedtime actually take longer to fall asleep, their circadian rhythms are disrupted, and they experience an increase in daytime sleepiness.
There are two ways to see whether a problem is personal or social. One way has to do with numbers another way to tell the difference between the two kinds of problems has to do with causation. Problem can be categorized as a social problem if it has negative effects the society and how personal live through the society. As what stated by Rubington and Weinberg (2010, they regard social problems as social issues when these refer to situations that are incompatible with the values of a significant number of people who agree that action is needed to alter the situation. Between 2010 and 2016 there’s been a significant increase in complaints of inadequate sleep among 18-24 year-olds, with 60 per cent of this age group now affected by this sleep deprivation said Professor David Hillman, chair of Australia’s Sleep Health Foundation. This can be said that social media take a part of this problem because Masomeh Hadadvand (2014) stated that, there is correlation between high daytime sleepiness and low quality of sleep. Different era, different problem is the right word to say that life is developing and society has a big part towards one factor in world development. Like what was stated by P. L. M. Leisink (2014) that societies face complex issues.
Today’s issues, and the circumstances under which actors must address these, are different from what they were some decades ago, as two examples illustrate. One example is the ageing of the population, which is accompanied by an increasing demand for pensions, healthcare and care facilities for the elderly. Because of this phenomena is huge issue and the one who take control over it is the society itself, it is important for us to control ourselves in whatever things that we are going to do.
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