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The Bondage that Did not Fall: The Era of Reconstruction

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Words: 1051 |

Pages: 2|

6 min read

Published: Feb 11, 2023

Words: 1051|Pages: 2|6 min read

Published: Feb 11, 2023

Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. It was a time of great pain and endless questions. Reconstruction is the current topic for this essay that I want to analyse. The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 signed by President Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves in the Confederate states and later all slaves were free according to the Thirteenth amendment in 1865. Even though by law stated slaves were free it seemed as they were still in bondage because they were still treated cruelly and unfairly. 

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Houston Hartsfield Holloway, wrote, 'For we colored people did not know how to be free and the white people did not know how to have a free colored person about them.' Freed Slaves were able to fight in war but their full citizenship remained questioned. Black was seen as impure and evil and whites believed that they were not and would never be equal to them. Terrorism by Whites In Tennessee in 1866, angry white Southerners formalized their hatred in an organization known as The Ku Klux Klan. Billing itself as the protector of the Old South's noble traditions, the Klan united resentful Confederates. The Klan used hoods and fiery crosses, secret codes and night raids to scare Blacks away from new opportunities. 

Terrorizing of blacks continued to spread throughout the world not just in Tennessee. This Klan burned down houses, killed African Americans, raped them, and lynched them to keep them oppressed and in fear. The Klan's preference for killing was lynching, which was hanging Black Americans from trees using a rope around their necks. These heinous acts were committed in public and were advertised in local papers with horrific details. Pictures were even published with smiling crowds taking pictures of the lifeless bodies. These people were actually proud of the things they were doing. Impacting African Americans. 

One of the most major policies implemented were the Jim Crow Laws. Jim Crow was a slang term for black men. It made state laws that were passed different for whites and blacks based on White Supremacy and were put in place because of reconstruction. This was basically a response to Reconstruction. Whites believed that blacks could be separate but equal. They didn't want to dine in the same place as blacks, use the same restroom, and work in the same place and etcetera. They limited the blacks from having a voice in elections by having requirements such as owning land or taking literacy test because they knew it was hard for most blacks to reach these requirements. Anything you could think of was segregated, schools, colleges, parks, phone booths, prisons and hospitals, and this oppression took place all over the United States. Signs were placed on all of these specific places and heavy consequences were barred if disobeyed. Alabama specifically placed a curfew on blacks demanding them not to leave their homes after 10 pm. These acts were not only humiliating, but they were also oppressing to these people of color. They were treated unfairly because of their skin color, which halted them from advancing in everyday society. 

What the liberated slaves truly needed once the Emancipation Proclamation pronounced subjugation as illicit was land so they could support or begin their own families. Numerous previous slaves made means ranches on an area that had been deserted by the Union troopers during and after the conflict. They had the option to get land yet by and by this was fleeting. Numerous Southerners were very against the liberation Proclamation that they track down ways of removing previous slaves' freedoms that which they had contended energetically for. The President at that point, Andrew Jackson, liberal, previous slave proprietor, reestablished the land to its unique proprietors. Many liberated slaves became subject to the South's old estate and new landowners. During the Reconstruction time, there was another arrangement of financial abuse known as sharecropping, in which previous slaves and many white ranchers were guaranteed by this framework. Yet again because of the absence of capital and place that is known for their own, previous slaves had to work for landowners. Nonetheless, the freedmen wouldn't sign agreements that requested pack work since they wanted independence and opportunity. Inevitably, sharecropping turned into a center ground. The sharecropping framework furnished freedmen with altogether more autonomy and independence than they has under servitude. Freedmen had groups of donkeys remove their previous slave bungalows and into their fields as an indication of their recently acquired autonomy. Spouses and girls worked less in the fields and invested more energy really focusing on their youngsters and doing housework. Interestingly, dark families had the option to dispense their time for hands on work and family founded on their needs.

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In conclusion, 1863 was the year slaves were conceded independence from the renegade states and after the common conflict. The record that held the ability to set free slaves is known as the Emancipation Proclamation. The Thirteenth Amendment of the Emancipation Proclamation liberated all US slaves any place they were. In any case, even a long time after this was expressed the slaves needed to defy numerous things like permitting them to have full citizenship. The Reconstruction created by Congress was to revamp the Southern states after the finish of the Civil War, give the circumstances to their readmission into the Union and characterize the methods of white and blacks living respectively in a non-slave society. After the War, schools, houses of worship, evangelist associations, and blacks and white educators from the North and South endeavored to allow the liberated slave populace an opportunity to learn. The Thirteenth Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments of the Constitution and the Civil Rights Act of 1866, slaves had the option to cast a ballot, get previous proprietors' territory, and utilize public facilities after the Civil War.

References

  • Reconstruction. (n.d.). Retrieved September 29, 2018, from http://www.ushistory.org/us/35.asp T., W., R., A., S., L.Taylor, H., E., J., . . . E. (1998, February 09).
  • The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship Reconstruction and Its Aftermath. Retrieved September 29, 2018, from https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african-american-odyssey/reconstruction.html Carson, C., Lapsansky-Werner, E. J., & Nash, G. B. (2014).
  • The struggle for freedom: A history of African Americans. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall/Pearson Education. Lynching in America. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/emmett-lynching-america/ Costly, A. (2002).
  • A Brief History of Jim Crow. Retrieved September 29, 2018, from http://www.crf-usa.org/black-history-month/a-brief-history-of-jim-crow
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The Bondage That Did Not Fall: the Era of Reconstruction. (2023, February 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 24, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-bondage-that-did-not-fall-the-era-of-reconstruction/
“The Bondage That Did Not Fall: the Era of Reconstruction.” GradesFixer, 11 Feb. 2023, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-bondage-that-did-not-fall-the-era-of-reconstruction/
The Bondage That Did Not Fall: the Era of Reconstruction. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-bondage-that-did-not-fall-the-era-of-reconstruction/> [Accessed 24 Jun. 2024].
The Bondage That Did Not Fall: the Era of Reconstruction [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Feb 11 [cited 2024 Jun 24]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-bondage-that-did-not-fall-the-era-of-reconstruction/
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