The Dark Side of Chocolate: Child Labor in Cocoa Production

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 921 |

Pages: 2|

5 min read

Published: Aug 31, 2023

Words: 921|Pages: 2|5 min read

Published: Aug 31, 2023

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Dark Side of Cocoa Production
  3. Child Labor in the Chocolate Industry
  4. Conclusion
  5. References


This essay is a narrative film called The Dark Side of Chocolate, which is about the control and slave exchange of African kids for the ingathering of chocolate as which occurred almost ten years after the cocoa business vowed to end it. Cocoa ranches in spots, for example, Ghana and the Ivory Coast give 80% of the world's chocolate. Chocolate makers around the globe have been constrained to 'confirm their chocolate isn't the result of tyke work or servitude.' In 2001, the Chocolate Manufacturers Association and its individuals marked a record called the Harkin-Engel Protocol that precluded the collection of their cocoa beans through methods for youngster laborers. Despite this exertion, extensive kids are as yet compelled to chip away at cocoa ranches in Africa. Because of this clashing position, the movie producers went covertly to decide the truth. The narrative begins with the examination of venturing toward the western shore of Africa in the nation of Mali, the nation where kids were reputed to be carried from and afterward transported to the Ivory Coast.

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Dark Side of Cocoa Production

The group of writers planned to explore human dealing and tyke work in the Ivory Coast and its consequences on the overall chocolate-producing industry. The narrative begins in Cologne, Germany where every merchant is solicited at a social event from chocolate producers where their chocolate is imported from. Their rebounds lead to the suspicion that practically all the chocolate is imported from somewhere in Africa. Their criminologist work drives them to find that Mali was dealing with kids at transport stations by renumerating them with work and cash, or by hijacking them from towns. A while later, they are taken to towns close to the outskirts of Africa, where another dealer transports the kids over the fringe. At that point, they are left with a third dealer who pitches the kids to manors. The kids, going in age from 10 to 15, are compelled to do hard work, physically mishandled, and paid poor wages or none by any means. At the point when faced with the understanding, of the Harkin-Engel Protocol, the corporate delegates of a portion of these organizations precluded all bits of gossip from claiming youngster work and dealing.

Chocolate organizations have been delivering chocolate along these lines for quite a long time and wanted to do so later on. In any case, in 2001, proof was demonstrated that chocolate organizations like Hershey's, Nestle, and Mars were utilizing kid captives to reap the cocoa beans in West Africa. At the point when the United States government went to Africa to explore, the outcomes were amazing: an expected 284,000 kids were utilized in the Ivory Coast, Ghana, and Nigeria. Of these, 153,000 of the kids connected pesticides with no body insurance, 64% were under age 14, and most of the kids utilized cleavers to cut the cocoa units open.

Child Labor in the Chocolate Industry

It was discovered that the kids were generally illicitly dealt from Burkina Faso, Mali, and Togo, worked 12 hours every day, and persevered through successive beatings from their lords. 33% had never been to class, and just 34% were as of now taken to school. This proof astonished and incensed many, and the open requested activity to stop the tyke servitude in chocolate. US Representative Eliot Engel proposed an authoritative change for chocolate organizations to end tyke subjection and to mark. Moreover, laborers and ranchers are frequently presented to risky working conditions, they handle pesticides without defensive dressing, work with perilous devices, and have unreasonable working hours. They face sexual orientation and ethnic segregation and experience the ill effects of poor nourishment. The cocoa fields are famous for utilizing slave work to fill those day-by-day desires and occasion orders. It was at long last chosen that all the real chocolate organizations would be given 4 years to totally delete bondage from their framework. (Sook, 2014)

The builds creation of cocoa is the thing that leads us to the ecological issues that were caused as a result of it that exists in light of expansion, The expansion underway of cocoa has prompted expanded disintegration and run-off, deforestation, and decrease of untamed life territory. Many issues originated from the bug sprays and fungicides that were intended to secure the cacao tree and help it develop. The new synthetic concoctions brought about the demolition of part of the dirt vegetation through both physical and substance deterioration. The yearly rate of deforestation inside parks has multiplied, and in both Ivory Coast and Ghana, it is going twice as quickly as deforestation in unprotected territories, Ranchers will miss the trees they chop and torched for the very reason that their shade would have shielded their cocoa plants from progressively dry, dry seasons, driven by chopping down trees.

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Across the board clearing of the backwoods for escalated cocoa creation on huge ranches can result in obliteration of environments that are moderate to recover. Escalated huge-scale cocoa creation can likewise result in decreases in biodiversity and soil fruitfulness, soil disintegration, stream sedimentation and well-being, and natural issues related to agrochemical application and run-off. Another negative ecological effect can likewise be followed straightforwardly back to the ranches themselves. Similarly, as with different patterns or prevailing fashions in sustenance, monoculture cultivating has turned into an issue in zones where Cocoa are developed. (Wickramasinghe, 2016) 


  1. Sook, E. (2014). Child labor in cocoa production: Assessment across countries. The Review of International Organizations, 9(3), 387-413.
  2. Wickramasinghe, D. (2016). Environmental and social issues in cocoa production: An overview. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, 7(7), 534-538.
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The Dark Side of Chocolate: Child Labor in Cocoa Production. (2023, August 31). GradesFixer. Retrieved December 2, 2023, from
“The Dark Side of Chocolate: Child Labor in Cocoa Production.” GradesFixer, 31 Aug. 2023,
The Dark Side of Chocolate: Child Labor in Cocoa Production. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 2 Dec. 2023].
The Dark Side of Chocolate: Child Labor in Cocoa Production [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Aug 31 [cited 2023 Dec 2]. Available from:
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