The Different Changes in the Juvenile Justice System: [Essay Example], 639 words GradesFixer

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!


Professional writers and researchers


Sources and citation are provided


3 hour delivery

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

The Different Changes in the Juvenile Justice System

Download Print

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF

The Evolution of the Juvenile Justice System

The juvenile court system is meant to address court cases that involve people who are under the age of eighteen-years-old. Started at the beginning of the nineteenth century, the system is over one hundred years old. When the system started, there was an emphasis that the law ought to draw a line between juveniles and adults. It was presumed that adults could determine the wrongfulness of their actions; thus, the establishment of the juvenile justice system. Under the law, infants were described as children below the age of seven, and they could not know whether their acts were wrong. Such children could not be found guilty of felony under the law (Drowns et al, 2000).

Children under the age of fourteen years were assumed to know the wrongfulness of their acts; hence, were treated as adults. There were exceptions in the law as such children who did not seem to understand what they did were still treated as infants. Later in the nineteenth century, another milestone was then made in the history of the juvenile justice system as the manner in which juveniles were treated started to change. Those who were pushing for reforms in the justice system believed that special facilities were needed to deal with juveniles who were on the wrong side of the law (Empey et al, 1982).

Around 1899, a major milestone in the juvenile system was reached as Cook County in Illinois opened the first juvenile court. Prior to the opening of the court for the juveniles, Chicago and New York were noted as the first two cities in the United States to separate juvenile offenders from adult offenders. The juvenile court had a theory that implied the rehabilitation of the juvenile offenders rather than punishing them. The state acted as parent to the juvenile with physical and mental disabilities. Under the court system, the best interest of the child was followed to determine how the child could become a productive member of the society. The doctrine of “parens patrie,” therefore, paved way for the rehabilitation program in the history of the juvenile justice system (Tamilia, 2009).

In the evolution of the juvenile court system, the structure has remained essentially the same as it did several decades ago. What has continued to evolve is the manner in which the rights of the juveniles are interpreted even as they work their way through the court system. An example of such evolution was witnessed in 1963 when the U.S Supreme Court found out that every citizen, including the juvenile, had the right to have an attorney in criminal proceedings. Because of the case, the structure of the juvenile court changed, giving room to a juvenile attorney, who is responsible for answering questions that a juvenile might have. The attorney also represents the juvenile rights in a court room (Tamilia, 2009).

Another significant example in the evolution of the juvenile justice system in cited in 1966 when the U.S Supreme Court made a ruling that a juvenile was entitled to a court session when his attorney can access all his records and in which the court offers a written report, citing all the reasons for the bind over to the adult system. Initially, juveniles were facing bindover depending on the seriousness of their case. In 1967, the U.S Supreme Court settled the juvenile constitutional rights. The Supreme Court made a ruling that the juvenile had the same trial rights as adults in cases that could lead to their incarceration (Tamilia, 2009).

Today, the states are known to institute major systemic reforms that are designed to reduce institutional confinement among the juveniles. The juvenile court system has been made more effective as reform schools with appropriate facilities have been built. Community-based interventions have also been expanded to change the lives and systems in the juvenile court history.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

The Different Changes in the Juvenile Justice System. (2018, October 26). GradesFixer. Retrieved January 22, 2021, from
“The Different Changes in the Juvenile Justice System.” GradesFixer, 26 Oct. 2018,
The Different Changes in the Juvenile Justice System. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Jan. 2021].
The Different Changes in the Juvenile Justice System [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Oct 26 [cited 2021 Jan 22]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

    Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you



    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.