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Forensic science, also known as criminalistics, is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly — on the criminal side — during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.
Forensic science is a broad field that includes: DNA analysis, fingerprint analysis, blood stain pattern analysis, firearms examination and ballistics, tool mark analysis, serology, toxicology, hair and fiber analysis, entomology, questioned documents, anthropology, odontology, pathology, epidemiology, footwear and tire tread analysis, drug chemistry, paint and glass analysis, digital audio video and photo analysis.
The first written account of using medicine and entomology to solve criminal cases is attributed to the book of Xi Yuan Lu (translated as Washing Away of Wrongs), written in China in 1248 by Song Ci (1186–1249), a director of justice, jail and supervision, during the Song dynasty.
Teeth are typically the most reliable identifiers when it comes to identifying a corpse.
Hair roots can help identify gender.
Dna testing is not 100% accurate.
Insects have proven to be a reliable indicator of an individual’s time of death.
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