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The Distinctive Features of Eukaryotic Cells

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There are different cells, but there are 2 cells that you have to focus on: the plant’s cell and animal’s cell. We can compare and contrast the 2 cells. So first you got the plant cells. They are eukaryotic cells of eukaryotic organism.

These distinctive features include the following:

  • A cell wall composed of cellulose and hemicelluloses, pectin and in many case lignin, is secret by the protoplast on the cell membrane. Now the animal cell is different from the plant cell animal cell is eukaryotic cells, or cells with a membrane-bound nucleus. Unlike prokaryotic cell, DNA in animal cells is housed within the nucleus.
  • Organelles have wide of responsibilities that include everything from producing hormones and enzymes to providing energy for animal’s cells. So there is a big difference between these two cells plants cells have to with to deal with organisms and cellulose, hemicelluloses and the animal cells have to do with the DNA in animals cells is housed within the nucleus so now we know what the cells are now the bigger question is how do they work the plant cell function is cholorphyll, which gives plants their green color, enables them to use sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars and carbohydrates, chemical the cell for fuel. Like the fungi, another kingdom of eukaryotes, plant cells have retained the protective cell wall structure of their prokaryotic ancestors. Now the animal cell is gonna be really different plant cell now the animal cell is made up of 3 basic parts: the cell membrane, the nucleus the protoplasm. Consider the cell membrane at the gatekeeper.
  • The protoplasm outside of the nucleus is called cytoplasm. So there different in their own way so there the same because the both cells and there different because there they both are weirdly different because the animal cell has a nucleus and plant cell has a nucleus.

And now we know there are 2 cells that are different and there are different areas of the animals and plant cells so you have the cell wall it’s a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma membrane of the of plants, fungi and bacteria. In the algae and higher plants, it consists mainly of cellulose. Then centrioles a minute cylindrical near the nucleus in animal’s cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of sidle fibers in division.

Chloroplast (in green cells) is a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. Cilia minute hairlike organells, identical in structure to flagella that line the surface of certain cells and beat in rhythmic waves, providing locomotion to ciliate protozoans and moving liquids along in internal epithelial tissue in animals. Cytoskeleton is a microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells, giving them shape and coherence. Endoplasmic reticulum a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell, continuous with the nuclear membrane. It usually has ribosomes attached and is involved in protein and lipid synthesis. Flagella is a slender threadlike, bacteria, swim. Golgi apparatus a complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport. Lysosome an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane. Mitochondrion an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production occur. It has double membrane, the inner layer being folded inward to form layers (cristae).

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