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The Effects of World War Ii on The World

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Words: 1068 |

Page: 1|

6 min read

Published: Dec 18, 2018

Words: 1068|Page: 1|6 min read

Published: Dec 18, 2018

World War II, otherwise called the Second World War, was the struggle that included basically each portion of the world during the long period of 1939–45. The foremost belligerents were the Axis powers — Germany, Italy, and Japan —, and the Allies — France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser degree, China. It was the longest war in history, with more than 100 million individuals serving in military units from over 30 distinctive nations. In a state of 'add up to war', the major members put their whole financial, mechanical, and logical abilities at the benefit of the war exertion, eradicating the treating between civilian and military assets. One of the major effects of World War II were the 40,000,000–50,000,000 deaths, making it the bloodiest struggle, as well as the biggest war, in history.

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The Second World War was started by Germany in an unprovoked attack on Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany after Hitler had refused to abort his invasion of Poland. America's inclusion in World War II had a critical effect on the economy and workforce of the Joined together States. Inclusion within the war before long changed that rate. American industrial facilities were retooled to create products to bolster the war exertion and nearly overnight the unemployment rate dropped to around 10%. The world was changed forever by World War II, during which around sixty million people had been killed, the majority of them civilians.

The main victims who suffered from the war were the civilians. Due to this, the protection of civilians during armed conflict are considered as a cornerstone of International Humanitarian Law. Generally a civilian is any individual who is not a member of armed forces. The definition of civilians can be seen in Art 50(1) of Additional Protocol I of Geneva Conventions of 1949 which stated that a civilian is any person who does not belong to any one of the categories of persons under Article 4(A) (1), (2), (3) and (6) of the Third Geneva Convention 1949 and in Article 43 of this Protocol. The persons who falls under Art 4(A)(1),(2),(3) and include members of the armed forces of a party to the conflicts, members of other militias and members of other volunteer corporations. Furthermore, it include members of regular armed forces who profess allegiance to a government or an authority not recognized by the Detaining Power and inhabitants of a non-occupied territory, who on the approach of the enemy spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading forces, without having had time to form themselves into regular armed units, provided they carry arms openly and respect the laws and customs of war. In addition, civilian does not include armed forces and members of armed forces of a party to the conflicts as stated in Art 43 of Additional Protocol I of Geneva Conventions of 1949.Basically, if there is any doubt on whether a person is consider as a civilian or not, that person shall be considered to be a civilian.

As has been stated earlier, the International Humanitarian Law was enacted in order to protect the right of civilians in terms of war. It is known as a set of rules governing the treatment of victims of the armed conflicts and limit the effects of armed conflicts but it does not include any internal tension or disturbance like any acts of violence. International Humanitarian law is a part of International Law which govern the relationship between states. The parties who bound to the International Humanitarian Law include all parties to an armed conflict whether States or non-State. It is also known as the law of war or the law of conflict. Furthermore, it also protects persons who are not or are no longer participating in the hostilities and restricts the means and methods of warfare.

The effects of World War II was that around 40 million were civilians died, both adults and children. The war devastated entire countries, turned cities and villages into ruins, and led to the death of many millions of people. The largest human losses - 26.6 million people - were suffered by the Soviet Union. Germany and its European allies lost, according to various estimates, from 8 to 13 million people. At least 6 million citizens of Poland, 6 million Jews, 2-3 million Japanese, 1.7 million inhabitants of Yugoslavia were killed.

China's military losses amount to approximately 5 million people, and in total, about 18 million people died in China during the years of the war - mainly from hunger and disease. No one counted the losses of the indigenous people of Asian and African countries, on whose territory military operations were conducted: Burma, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaya, Tunisia, Syria, Ethiopia, Somalia. The military losses of France, the USA and Great Britain were relatively small: 635 thousand killed in France, about 300 thousand in the USA, over 400 thousand in Great Britain. England was seriously affected by aerial bombardment; there was no military destruction in the United States. In relation to the total population, Poland (17.2%), the Soviet Union (13.5%) and Yugoslavia (11%) suffered the heaviest casualties.

The civilians were subjected to direct life threatening, torture which lead to the increasing number of deaths. Crimes against humanity, such as Genocide, occurred especially in Germany. Civilians lived in hunger, separated from their families, suffered the destruction of their houses and infrastructure. As a result, they weren’t able to obtain the necessary means to survive.

However, the results of the Second World War are not limited to losses and destruction. As a result of the war, the face of the world has changed: new borders and new states have appeared, new trends in social development have been outlined, and major inventions and discoveries have been made.

The war gave a strong impetus to the development of science and technology. Radar, jet aircraft, ballistic missiles, antibiotics, electronic computers and many other inventions and discoveries were made or came into wide use during the war. The beginning of the mastery of atomic energy belongs to wartime, thanks to which the twentieth century. often referred to as the atomic age. It was then that the foundations of the scientific and technological revolution were laid, which has transformed and continues to transform the post-war world.

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The main political outcome of the Second World War is the victory over the fascist aggressors. Countries and peoples threatened by fascism defended their independence and freedom. Aggressive states: Germany, Italy, Japan and their allies were defeated. Their armed forces, economy, politics, ideology have suffered a complete collapse; their leaders were put on trial, and they suffered a well-deserved punishment.

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The Effects of World War Ii in the World. (2022, November 24). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 26, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-effects-of-world-war-ii/
“The Effects of World War Ii in the World.” GradesFixer, 24 Nov. 2022, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-effects-of-world-war-ii/
The Effects of World War Ii in the World. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-effects-of-world-war-ii/> [Accessed 26 May 2024].
The Effects of World War Ii in the World [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2022 Nov 24 [cited 2024 May 26]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-effects-of-world-war-ii/
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