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About 6,000,000 African Americans
Great Northward Migration, Black Migration
The Great Migration was caused primarily by poor economic conditions and racial segregation in the United States, mainly with: Jim Crow economy; Jim Crow laws; lynching in the United States.
The Great Migration was one of the largest movements of people in United States history, with the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North. It occurred in two waves, basically before and after the Great Depression. African Americans established influential communities of their own in then-largest cities in the United States.
Many Black residents created their own cities within big cities, fostering the growth of a new African American culture. The most prominent example was Harlem in New York City. The Great Migration began a new era of increasing political activism among African Americans. When the Great Migration ended, its demographic impact was evident and the effects of that exodus continue to reverberate.
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