The Life and Legacy of Rosa Parks

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About this sample


Words: 753 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 753|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Early Life of Rosa Parks
  3. Montgomery Bus Boycott
  4. Rosa Parks’ Role in the Civil Rights Movement
  5. Personal Life of Rosa Parks
  6. Rosa Parks’ Legacy
  7. Conclusion
  8. References


Rosa Parks is remembered as a pivotal figure in the American Civil Rights Movement. She is known for her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus in 1955, an event which sparked a wave of nonviolent protests. However, Rosa Parks' life and influences extend beyond this one event, as she dedicated her whole life to fighting for justice and equality. This essay will explore Rosa Parks' life, her role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Civil Rights Movement, her personal life, and her enduring legacy.

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Early Life of Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama, and grew up on her grandparents' farm. Her grandfather, a former slave, was a well-respected community member and a leader of the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Her grandmother was a strong advocate of black women's rights and instilled in Rosa Parks the importance of standing up for oneself and others.

Rosa Parks attended the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls and then the Alabama State Teachers College, now known as Alabama State University. Early in her life, she became involved in civil rights activism, particularly after the brutal murder of Emmett Till in 1955. She also attended various workshops on nonviolence and civil disobedience, which would prove to be crucial in her fight for justice and equality.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

In 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested after refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama bus to a white passenger. This incident led to her becoming an international icon of resistance against injustice and oppression. Under the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr., the Montgomery Bus Boycott began, lasting for over a year until the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on public buses was unconstitutional.

Rosa Parks played a critical role in the boycott, helping to organize carpooling systems and participating in sit-ins and other demonstrations. Her bravery inspired many others to join the fight for civil rights, and she remained an active participant in the movement for years to come.

Rosa Parks’ Role in the Civil Rights Movement

Rosa Parks’ activism extended far beyond the Montgomery Bus Boycott. She worked alongside other civil rights leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, and Edgar Nixon, in various campaigns and demonstrations. In 1963, she attended the March on Washington and heard King deliver his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.

Rosa Parks also became a symbolic figure of resistance to oppression, her image and message used to inspire and motivate others to fight for their rights. Her activism helped to ignite a nationwide movement for freedom and justice, and her contributions remain essential to the struggle for equality today.

Personal Life of Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks married Raymond Parks in 1932 and the couple remained active in the civil rights movement throughout their lives. However, their involvement came at a great cost, as they both faced threats, harassment, and even violence. In 1957, they moved to Detroit, Michigan, after Rosa Parks lost her job due to her activism and faced difficulty finding work in Montgomery.

In her later years, Rosa Parks was recognized for her contributions to the civil rights movement. She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996 and was honored with a statue in the US Capitol in 2013.

Rosa Parks’ Legacy

Rosa Parks' legacy is significant and far-reaching. Her actions and beliefs continue to inspire generations of civil rights activists, encouraging them to stand up against oppression and injustice. Additionally, her contributions to the civil rights movement paved the way for greater equality and freedom for all Americans.

Rosa Parks was also recognized for her courage and contributions during her lifetime. In addition to the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the statue in the US Capitol, she was awarded numerous other honors, including the Congressional Gold Medal and the NAACP's Spingarn Medal.

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In conclusion, Rosa Parks' life and influences have had a profound impact on civil rights movements and American society. Through her brave actions and unwavering commitment to justice and equality, she became a symbol of hope and inspiration for millions of people around the world. Her legacy will continue to inspire and encourage future generations of civil rights activists for years to come.


  1. "Rosa Parks: Facts, Quotes & Civil Rights Movement." History, A&E Television Networks, 20 Jan. 2021,
  2. "Rosa Parks Biography.", A&E Television Networks, 22 Jan. 2021,
  3. "Montgomery Bus Boycott." National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution, 26 Jan. 2017,
  4. "Rosa Parks." Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development, 22 Jan. 2021,
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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

The Life and Legacy of Rosa Parks. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 28, 2024, from
“The Life and Legacy of Rosa Parks.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
The Life and Legacy of Rosa Parks. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 28 May 2024].
The Life and Legacy of Rosa Parks [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 30 [cited 2024 May 28]. Available from:
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